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Open-mid central rounded vowel
|Open-mid central rounded vowel|
The open-mid central rounded vowel, or low-mid central rounded vowel, is a vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɞ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is
3\. The symbol is called closed reversed epsilon. It was added to the IPA in 1993; before that, this vowel was transcribed ⟨ɔ̈⟩.
IPA charts were first published with this vowel transcribed as a closed epsilon, ⟨ʚ⟩ (that is, a closed variant of ⟨ɛ⟩, much as the high-mid vowel letter ⟨ɵ⟩ is a closed variant of ⟨e⟩), and this variant made its way into Unicode as U+029A ʚ LATIN SMALL LETTER CLOSED OPEN E. The IPA charts were later changed to the current closed reversed epsilon ⟨ɞ⟩, and this was adopted into Unicode as U+025E ɞ LATIN SMALL LETTER CLOSED REVERSED OPEN E.
- Its vowel height is open-mid, also known as low-mid, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between an open vowel (a low vowel) and a mid vowel.
- Its vowel backness is central, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a front vowel and a back vowel.
- It is rounded, which means that the lips are rounded rather than spread or relaxed.
|Afrikaans||Standard||lug||[lɞχ]||'air'||Also been described as mid [ɞ̝], typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨œ⟩. Many speakers merge /œ/ with /ə/, even in formal speech. See Afrikaans phonology|
|English||Irish||but||[bɞθ̠]||'but'||Corresponds to [ʌ] in other varieties. See English phonology|
|New Zealand||not||[nɞʔt]||'not'||Possible realization of /ɒ/. See New Zealand English phonology|
|Faroese||høgur||[ˈhɞːʋʊɹ]||'high'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨øː⟩. See Faroese phonology|
|French||Parisian||port||[pɞːʁ] (help·info)||'port', 'harbour'||Described variously as an allophone of /ɔ/ before /ʁ/ and as the default allophone of /ɔ/. See French phonology|
|Irish||tomhail||[tɞːlʲ]||'consume' (imp.)||See Irish phonology|
|Limburgish||Maastrichtian||väöl||[vɞːl]||'much'||Front [œː] in other dialects. Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨œː⟩.|
|Navajo||tsosts’id||[tsʰɞstsʼɪt]||'seven'||See Navajo phonology|
|Northern Tiwa||Taos dialect||ącut'uonbo||[ʔãˌtʃʊt̚ːˈʔuɞnbɑ]||'his-garment-around'||Allophone of /ɑ/. See Taos phonology|
|Poitevin||o doune||[ɞ dun]||'he gives'|
|Somali||keenaysaa||[keːnɞjsɑː]||'she brings'||See Somali phonology|
|West Frisian||Southwestern dialects||boare||[ˈbɞːrə]||'tomcat'||Corresponds to [wa] in other dialects. See West Frisian phonology|
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