The image is from Wikipedia Commons
Open back rounded vowel
|Open back rounded vowel|
The open back rounded vowel, or low back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɒ⟩. It is called "turned script a", being a rotated version of "script (cursive) a", which is the variant of a that lacks the extra stroke on top of a "printed a". Turned script a ⟨ɒ⟩ has its linear stroke on the left, whereas "script a" ⟨ɑ⟩ (for its unrounded counterpart) has its linear stroke on the right.
- Its vowel height is open, also known as low, which means the tongue is positioned far from the roof of the mouth – that is, low in the mouth.
- Its vowel backness is back, which means the tongue is positioned back in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant.
- It is rounded, which means that the lips are rounded rather than spread or relaxed.
|Afrikaans||Standard||daar||[dɒːr]||'there'||Fully back. Used by some speakers, particularly young female speakers of northern accents. Other speakers use an unrounded vowel [ɑː ~ ɑ̟ː]. See Afrikaans phonology|
|Assamese||কৰ / kor||[kɒɹ]||'to do'||An "over-rounded" [ɒ̹], with rounding as strong as that for [u].|
|Catalan||Majorcan||soc||[ˈsɒk]||'clog'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ɔ⟩. See Catalan phonology|
|Some Valencian speakers||taula||[ˈt̪ɑ̟wɫɒ̝]||'table'||Can be realized as unrounded [ɑ].|
|Dutch||Leiden||bad||[bɒ̝t]||'bath'||Near-open fully back; may be unrounded [ɑ̝] instead. It corresponds to [ɑ] in standard Dutch.|
|Some dialects||bot||[bɒt]||'bone'||Some non-Randstad dialects, for example those of Den Bosch and Groningen. It is open-mid [ɔ] in standard Dutch.|
|English||Received Pronunciation||not||[nɒt]||'not'||Somewhat raised. Younger RP speakers may pronounce a closer vowel [ɔ]. It is proposed that the /ɒ/ vowel of Received Pronunciation, which is normally described as a rounded vowel, is pronounced by some speakers without rounded lips for whom the characteristic quality is rather one of sulcality. See English phonology|
|Northern English||May be somewhat raised and fronted.|
|South African||[nɒ̜̈t]||Near-back and weakly rounded. Some younger speakers of the General variety may actually have a higher and fully unrounded vowel [ʌ̈]. See South African English phonology|
|General American||thought||[θɒt] (help·info)||'thought'||Vowel /ɔ(:)/ is lowered (Phonetic realization of /ɔ(:)/ is much lower in GA than in RP).
However "Short o" before r before a vowel (a short o sound followed by r and then another vowel, as in orange, forest, moral, and warrant) is realized as [oɹ~ɔɹ].
|Inland Northern American||See Northern cities vowel shift|
|Indian||[t̪ʰɒʈ]||/ɒ/ and /ɔː/ differ entirely by length in Indian English.|
|Welsh||[θɒːt]||Open-mid in Cardiff; may merge with /oː/ in northern dialects.|
|German||Many speakers||Gourmand||[ɡ̊ʊʁˈmɒ̃ː]||'gourmand'||Nasalized; common phonetic realization of /ɑ̃ː/. See Standard German phonology|
|Many Swiss dialects||mane||[ˈmɒːnə]||'remind'||The example word is from the Zurich dialect, in which [ɒː] is in free variation with the unrounded [ɑː].|
|Hungarian||Standard||magyar||[ˈmɒ̜̽ɟɒ̜̽r]||'Hungarian'||Somewhat fronted and raised, with only slight rounding; sometimes transcribed in IPA with ⟨ɔ⟩. Unrounded [ɑ] in some dialects. See Hungarian phonology|
|Ibibio||dọ||[dɒ̝́]||'marry'||Near-open; typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ɔ⟩.|
|Irish||Ulster||ólann||[ɒ̝ːɫ̪ən̪ˠ]||'(he) drinks'||Near-open; may be transcribed in IPA with ⟨ɔː⟩.|
|Istro-Romanian||cåp||[kɒp]||'head'||See Istro-Romanian pronunciation (in Romanian).|
|Lehali||dön̄||[ⁿdɒ̝ŋ]||'yam'||Raised vowel, being the back rounded counterpart of /æ/ in a symmetrical vowel inventory.|
|Lemerig||‘ān̄sār||[ʔɒ̝ŋsɒ̝r]||'person'||Raised vowel, being the back rounded counterpart of /æ/ in a symmetrical vowel inventory.|
|Limburgish||Maastrichtian||plaots||[plɒ̝ːts]||'place'||Near-open fully back; typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ɔː⟩. Corresponds to [ɔː] in other dialects.|
|Malay||Kedah||tua||[tu.ɒ]||'old'||Northern Kedah subdialect/dialect. Allophone of /a/ in word-final position in open-ended words and close-ended words that end with a glottal stop /ʔ/ or a glottal fricative /h/.|
|Norwegian||Urban East||topp||[tʰɒ̝pː]||'top'||Near-open, also described as close-mid back [o]. Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ɔ⟩. See Norwegian phonology|
|Dialects along the Swedish border||hat||[hɒ̜ːt]||'hate'||Weakly rounded and fully back. See Norwegian phonology|
|Persian||فارسی / fârsi||[fɒːɾˈsiː]||'Persian'|
|Slovak||Some speakers||a||[ɒ]||'and'||Under Hungarian influence, some speakers realize the short /a/ as rounded. See Slovak phonology|
|Swedish||Central Standard||jаg||[jɒ̝ːɡ]||'I'||Near-open fully back weakly rounded vowel. Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ɑː⟩. See Swedish phonology|
|Gothenburg||[jɒːɡ]||More rounded than in Central Standard Swedish.|
|Yoruba||[example needed]||Most often transcribed in IPA with ⟨ɔ⟩.|
- This page is based on the Wikipedia article Open back rounded vowel; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA.