Oscar Hemberg

Olof Oscar Hemberg (26 July 1881 – 14 May 1944) was a Swedish newspaper editor, writer and film producer. He has been credited with writing 21 films and producing eight films.[1] Hemberg is best known for writing many screenplays for the director Schamyl Bauman including Witches' Night (1937) starring Gösta Ekman, På Solsidan for Gustaf Molander, starring Ingrid Bergman, and The Girls' Alfred (1935) for Edvin Adolphson, starring Sture Lagerwall. He also wrote the screenplay for the Danish film Idag Begynder Livet for Lau Lauritzen Jr. and Alice O'Fredericks. Furthermore, Hemberg produced several films for Gustaf Molander, including Paresiennes, and His English Wife, as well as Bara en danserska by Olof Molander.

Career

Oscar Hemberg commenced his journalistic career in 1897, covering the 'Sjöbom murders' for two Swedish evening newspapers. He then began working as a volunteer at Skåne Tidningen, which was dissolved the following year. Hemberg began his studies in Lund, but after a couple of years he dropped out and in 1901 once again ventured into journalism, this time for Malmötidningen, as its police correspondent. During this time period he first started to appear in 'Dagens Nyheter', one of the largest Swedish newspapers. A few years on Hemberg became Dagens Nyheter's Malmö correspondent. He eventually moved to the newspapers head office in Stockholm, as deputy editor. He is recognised, together with Anton Karlgren, to have radically modernised Dagens Nyheter's layout, and format.[2] In 1909 he was integral to the launching of a new front page format[3] which consisted of large images and sensational headlines, instead of advertisements.[4] Furthermore, Hemberg was one of the first in Swedish press to realise the newsworthiness of sports, and organised sports tournaments under the newspaper's banner. He also added business and finance news, a Sunday paper, and expanded the special interest section for female readers.[5] Hemberg was deeply inspired by British press, as well as the Danish paper 'Politiken'. Ellen Rydelius described Oscar Hemberg as "a mix between a snake charmer and a slave driver".[6][7][8]

Though Hemberg has authored theatre pieces during his time in Malmö, in 1916, he began focusing completely on writing film scripts. In total he authored 21 films, and produced eight films. Furthermore, he authored several plays including: "Här ska valsas" put up on Folkteatern in 1911, and "Kör fram till stora trappan" put up at Oscarsteatern in 1911. Hemberg also wrote "schlager" songs for Sigurd Wallén and Ernst Rolf,[9] as well as couplets for Hansy Petra. In 1920–21 he served as the head of acquisitions for Svensk Filmindustri (SF), 1922–26 head of SF's theatres in Stockholm, 1926–27 the CEO of Filmab Isepa,[10] and in 1928 executive producer for Deutsche Filmunion in Berlin.[11]

Oscar Hemberg notably wrote the film script for "På Solsidan" starring Ingrid Bergman, together with Gösta Stevens and Helge Krog.[12][13][14] He also produced "The Ingmar Inheritance" in 1925 starring Conrad Veidt, directed by Gustaf Molander,[15] which was an adaptation of Selma Lagerlöf's 'Jermusalem' novels.[16] Hemberg worked frequently with Gustaf Molander and his brother Olof Molander, producing the films Parisiennes in 1928, Förseglade läppar and His English Wife in 1927, and Bara en danserska and Till österland in 1926. Hemberg notably wrote "The Girls' Alfred" in 1935, directed by Edvin Adolphson, starring Sture Lagerwall, and in 1940 "Stora Famnen", starring Sigurd Wallen.

Personal life

Olof Oscar Hemberg was born on 26 July 1881 in Östraby to the farmer Anders, and his wife Anna, and died on 14 May 1944 in Stockholm. Hemberg married Clara Laurentia Antonsson on 31 March 1904 in Malmö. His second wife was Emmy Hildur Elisabeth Holgersson, whom he married on 20 December 1904 in Stockholm.

Filmography[1]

Writer[17]

  • 1949 Woman in White (uncredited)
  • 1940 Stora famnen
  • 1940 Än en gång Gösta Ekman (Short)
  • 1939 I dag begynder livet (screenplay "I dag börjar livet")
  • 1939 I dag börjar livet (screenplay)
  • 1939 Efterlyst
  • 1938 Styrman Karlssons flammor
  • 1938 Kamrater i vapenrocken
  • 1937 Vi går landsvägen
  • 1937 Witches' Night
  • 1936 Raggen – det är jag det
  • 1936 På solsidan
  • 1935 Flickor på fabrik
  • 1935 The Girls' Alfred (screenplay)
  • 1934 Simon i Backabo
  • 1934 Falska Greta
  • 1924 Livet på landet
  • 1923 Boman på utställningen
  • 1916 Bengts nya kärlek eller var är barnet?
  • 1915 Hjälte mot sin vilja
  • 1915 I kronans kläder (Short)

Producer

Soundtrack

  • 1934 Falska Greta (lyrics: "Jag vet ej vem du är", "Ni är ensam, jag är ensam men tillsammans blir vi två ") / (writer: "Jag vet ej vem du är", "Ni är ensam, jag är ensam men tillsammans blir vi två ")

Actor

  • 1911 Hon fick platsen – Editor

References

  1. ^ a b "Oscar Hemberg". IMDb. Retrieved 2017-09-10.
  2. ^ Kihlberg, L. (1960). DN o demokratins genombrott.
  3. ^ 1916–2000., Isaksson, Ulla (2003). Elin Wägner : Amason med två bröst, 1882–1922 : dotter av Moder Jord, 1922–1949. Linder, Erik Hjalmar, 1906–, Forsås-Scott, Helena. [Stockholm]: Bonnier. ISBN 9100100641. OCLC 61363295.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Nordenstreng, Kaarle (2015-11-18). A history of the international movement of journalists : professionalism versus politics. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire. ISBN 978-1137530547. OCLC 936447765.
  5. ^ Lundqvist, Åke. Kultursidan: Kulturjournalistiken i Dagens Nyheter 1864–2012.
  6. ^ Hyltén-Cavallius, R. (1960). Följa sin genius.
  7. ^ B Idestam-Almqvist o R Allberg (1936). Vid den sv filmens vagga.
  8. ^ Ljungquist, I (1953). Kampen om läsarna.
  9. ^ Eriksson, U (1968). Ernst Rolf.
  10. ^ Hardy, Forsyth (1972). Scandinavian film. New York: Arno Press. ISBN 9780405038952. OCLC 403205.
  11. ^ Winquist, S (1969). Förf till sv filmer samt sv TV-teater.
  12. ^ Ingrid, Bergman (2015). Mitt liv. Burgess, Alan, Henning Jocelyn, Ann ([Ny utg.] ed.). Stockholm: Norstedts. ISBN 9789113069234. OCLC 951455921.
  13. ^ The new woman and the aesthetic opening : unlocking gender in twentieth-century texts. Witt-Brattström, Ebba. Huddinge: Södertörns högskola. 2004. ISBN 9189315448. OCLC 56583433.CS1 maint: others (link)
  14. ^ ""Filmen är en god sak." – DN.SE". DN.SE (in Swedish). 2008-03-16. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  15. ^ 1950–, Soister, John T. (2002). Conrad Veidt on screen : a comprehensive illustrated filmography. Battle, Pat Wilks. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland. ISBN 9780786445110. OCLC 606856052.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ Swedish film : an introduction and reader. Larsson, Mariah, 1972–, Marklund, Anders. Lund [Sweden]: Nordic Academic Press. 2010. ISBN 9789185509362. OCLC 794488802.CS1 maint: others (link)
  17. ^ "Oscar Hemberg". www.sfi.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-09-27.

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