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Our Lady of Coromoto
|Our Lady of Coromoto|
|Location||Guanare, Portuguesa, Venezuela|
|Date||8 September 1652|
|Witness||Coromoto (Angel Custodio)|
|Holy See approval||1950, pontificate of Pope Pius XII|
|Shrine||Basilica of Our Lady of Coromoto, Guanare, Venezuela.|
Our Lady of Coromoto (Spanish: Nuestra Señora de Coromoto), also known as the Virgin of Coromoto (Spanish: Virgen de Coromoto), is a celebrated Catholic image of an alleged apparition of the Virgin Mary. In 1942, she was declared the Patroness of Venezuela.
When the city of Guanare (capital of Portuguesa state) was founded in 1591, the Indian tribe who inhabited the region, the Cospes, fled to the northern jungle. When the Roman Catholic Church began to evangelize its efforts were at first resisted. There is a legend that the Virgin Mary appeared twice to the chief of the local tribe, once in 1651 in a river canyon when she told him to be baptised, and again, when he was still refusing baptism, on September 8, 1652, when she appeared in his hut. This time he is said to have tried to grab her and she vanished, leaving behind a small painting of her.
The Venezuelan episcopate declared her as Patroness of Venezuela on 1 May 1942, which was ratified by Pope Pius XII on 7 October 1944. The church of Our Lady of Coromoto, in Guanare, was consecrated as National Shrine on 7 January 1996. Pope Benedict XVI elevated the National Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto to the rank of Minor Basilica.
- De La Torre, Miguel (2009). Hispanic American Religious Cultures. ABC-CLIO. p. 575. ISBN 978-1-59884-139-8.
- Davidson, Linda Kay (2002). Pilgrimage: From the Ganges to Graceland, An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 214. ISBN 978-1-57607-543-2.
- Nichols, Elizabeth Gackstetter; Kimberly J. Morse (2010). Venezuela. 978-1598845693. p. 175.
- "During celebration to elevate national Shrine of Our Lady of Coromoto to the rank of Minor Basilica, Cardinal Urosa calls Catholics to 'assume with joy, enthusiasm and fidelity our condition as missionaries of Jesus Christ'", Agenzia Fides, October 24, 2007
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