The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
The street Waterkant in Paramaribo
Parijs van Suriname  (Dutch)
(Paris of Suriname)
Paramaribo is located in Suriname
Location in Suriname and South America
Show map of Suriname
Paramaribo is located in South America
Paramaribo (South America)
Show map of South America
Coordinates: 5°51′8″N 55°12′14″W / 5.85222°N 55.20389°W / 5.85222; -55.20389Coordinates: 5°51′8″N 55°12′14″W / 5.85222°N 55.20389°W / 5.85222; -55.20389
Country Suriname
District Paramaribo District
Founded 1613
 • Total 182 km2 (70 sq mi)
3 m (10 ft)
 (2012 census)[1]
 • Total 240,924
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−3 (ART)

Paramaribo (/pɑːrəˈmɑːrɪb/; Dutch pronunciation: [ˌpaːraːˈmaːriboː]; nicknamed Par'bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on the banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District. Paramaribo has a population of roughly 241,000 people (2012 census), almost half of Suriname's population.[1] The historic inner city of Paramaribo has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002.[2]


The city is named for the Paramaribo tribe living at the mouth of the Suriname River; the name is from Tupi–Guarani para "large river" + maribo "inhabitants".[3]


1830s lithograph of the market

The name Paramaribo is probably a corruption of the name of an Indian village, spelled Parmurbo in the earliest Dutch sources.[4] This was the location of the first Dutch settlement, a trading post established by Nicolaes Baliestel and Dirck Claeszoon van Sanen in 1613.[4] English and French traders also tried to establish settlements in Suriname, including a French post established in 1644 near present-day Paramaribo.

All earlier settlements were abandoned some time before the arrival of English settlers in 1650 to found Surinam. They were sent by the English governor of Barbados, Lord Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham, and established a town on the site of Paramaribo (though probably south of the current town center). The town was protected by a fort, called Fort Willoughby. In 1662, Governor Willoughby was granted the settlement and surrounding lands (extending into Suriname's interior) by King Charles II. Around 1665 the village of Paramaribo was expanded and quickly outranked the earlier settlement of Torarica.[5]

In 1667, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War, Paramaribo was conquered by a squadron of ships under Abraham Crijnssen. The Treaty of Breda in 1667 confirmed Paramaribo as the leading town of the now Dutch colony of Suriname. The fort protecting Paramaribo was renamed Fort Zeelandia in honor of the Dutch province that had financed Crijnssen's fleet. (The town was also renamed New Middelburg but the name did not catch on with the inhabitants).

The population of Paramaribo has always been very diverse. Among the first British settlers were many Jews[6] and one of the oldest synagogues in the Americas is found in Paramaribo.[7] The population of the town was greatly increased after 1873, when former enslaved people (who had been freed in 1863) were allowed to stop working for their former masters and leave the sugar plantations.

Paramaribo has remained the capital of Suriname, from its colonial days through the independence of Suriname in 1975 to the present day. The old town has suffered many devastating fires over the years, notably in January 1821 (which destroyed over 400 buildings) and September 1832 (which destroyed nearly 50 buildings).[8] The slaves Kodjo, Mentor, and Present were found guilty of arson, and burnt alive.[9]

In May 1972, the Paramaribo Zoo opened.[10] In 1987, an administrative reorganization took place in Suriname and the city was divided into 12 administrative resorts (jurisdictions).[11]


View of Paramaribo from space

The city is located on the Suriname River, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Paramaribo district.


Paramaribo features a tropical rainforest climate (Af), under the Köppen climate classification. Because Paramaribo is more subject to the Intertropical Convergence Zone than the trade winds and sees no tropical cyclones, its climate is classified as equatorial. The city has no true dry season; all 12 months of the year average more than 60 millimetres or 2.4 inches of rainfall, but the city does experience noticeably wetter and drier periods during the year. The northern hemisphereautumn” (September through November) is the driest period of the year in Paramaribo, and the heaviest rainfall occurs from April to July. Common to many cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course of the year, with average high temperatures of 31 degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of 22 degrees Celsius. Paramaribo on average receives roughly 2,200 millimetres or 87 inches of rainfall each year.


Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1790 18,000 —    
1831 15,265 −0.40%
1853 16,031 +0.22%
1980 167,798 +1.87%
1995 228,551 +2.08%
2004 242,946 +0.68%
2012 240,924 −0.10%
Historic Inner City of Paramaribo
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Colonial style houses, Waterkant, Paramaribo
Criteria Cultural: ii, iv
Reference 940
Inscription 2002 (26th Session)
Area 30 ha
Buffer zone 60 ha

Paramaribo has a population of 240,924 people (2012 census). While the population number is stagnating in recent years, many towns in the surrounding Wanica District are increasing in population.[1]

The city is famed for its diverse ethnic makeup, including Creoles (African or mixed African-European descent) 27%, Indian (East Indian descent) 23%, Multiracials 18%, Maroons (descendants of escaped enslaved Africans) 16%, Javanese (Indonesian descent) 10%, Indigenous (descendants of native population) 2%, Chinese (descendants of 19th-century contract workers) 1.5%, and smaller numbers of Europeans (primarily of Dutch and Portuguese descent), Lebanese and Jews. In the past decades a significant number of Brazilians, Guyanese and new Chinese immigrants have settled in Paramaribo.


Paramaribo is the business and financial centre of Suriname. Even though the capital city does not produce significant goods itself, almost all revenues from the country's main export products gold, oil, bauxite, rice, and tropical wood are channeled through its institutions. All banks, insurance corporations and other financial and commercial companies are headquartered in Paramaribo. Around 75 percent of Suriname's GDP is consumed in Paramaribo.

Tourism is an increasingly important sector, with most visitors coming from the Netherlands.[13]


Ressorten of the Paramaribo district.

Administratively, Paramaribo forms its own district in Suriname. The resorts of Paramaribo district therefore correspond to boroughs of the city. There are twelve resorts in the Paramaribo district:[1]

Ressort/jurisdiction Area in square km Population density Population (2012)[1]
Blauwgrond 43 661.3 31,483
Rainville 31 930.7 22,747
Munder 14 1146.4 17,234
Centrum 9 3252.7 20,631
Beekhuizen 6 3297.2 17,185
Weg naar Zee 41 321.3 16,037
Welgelegen 7 3387.0 19,304
Tammenga 6 2385.5 15,819
Flora 4 3836.5 19,538
Latour 6 4358.0 29,526
Pontbuiten 6 3246.2 23,211
Livorno 9 931.8 8,209


Paramaribo is served by the Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport and Zorg en Hoop Airport for local flights. The Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge, which is part of the East-West Link, connects Paramaribo with Meerzorg on the other side of the Suriname River.

The Jules Sedney Harbour is the main harbour for cargo.[14] The former harbour of Waterkant is used by ferries.[15]

Most airlines like Gum Air, Caricom Airways and Blue Wing Airlines have their head offices on the grounds of Zorg en Hoop Airport in Paramaribo.


Paramaribo's institution of higher learning is Anton de Kom University of Suriname, the country's only university.


Paramaribo is home to four hospitals, the Academic Hospital Paramaribo, 's Lands Hospitaal, Sint Vincentius Hospital and Diakonessenhuis.

Historic inner city of Paramaribo

The Dutch colonial town established in 17th and 18th centuries was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002.[16] The historic inner city is located along the left bank of the Suriname River. The original architecture of buildings and street plan has largely remained intact and preserved.

Notable landmarks

Arya Dewaker temple
Paramaribo's Neveh Shalom Synagogue

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Paramaribo is twinned with:

See also

Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname portal


  1. ^ a b c d e "2012 Census Resorts Suriname" (PDF). Spang Staging. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Historic Inner City Paramaribo". Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  3. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 322.
  4. ^ a b "Bijdragen en Mededeelingen van het Historisch Genootschap. Deel 35". Digital Library for Dutch Literature (in Dutch). 1914. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Paramaribo Suriname 2". (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Extract of the Dutch Map Representing the Colony of Surinam". World Digital Library. 1777. Retrieved 2013-07-13.
  7. ^ Fox, Tamar (18 February 2011). "Discovering Suriname's Jewish past - and present". Travel. Washington Post. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  8. ^ "Paramaribo Suriname". (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Oog in oog met Paramaribo". De Lees Club van Alles (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Dieren in dierentuinen "Dieren worden niet meer gehouden voor slechts het plezier van de mens"". Dagblad Suriname (in Dutch). Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Paramaribo". Vakantie Arena (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Paramaribo".
  13. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2013-10-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Dr. Jules Sedney Terminal". Havenbeheer (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  15. ^ "DE GESCHIEDENIS VAN MEERZORG, ZOALS BESCHREVEN IN OUDE KRANTENBERICHTEN, DEEL 1 (1915-1940)". Plantage Justlust (in Dutch). Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  16. ^ "UNESCO Listing of Paramaribo Inner City". Retrieved 31 Dec 2017.
  17. ^ "Adhin jongste vicepresident Suriname". Suriname Herald (in Dutch). Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  18. ^ djr (2016-10-11). "Digitaal Vrouwenlexicon van Nederland". (in Dutch). Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  19. ^ Hoefte, Rosemarijn (6 March 2017). "Howard, Grace Ruth (1869-1968". Huygens ING (in Dutch). University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands: Digitaal Vrouwenlexicon van Nederland. Archived from the original on 28 October 2017. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  20. ^ Willemstad World Heritage City Archived 2010-02-09 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2012-05-19.
  21. ^ "Miami-Dade County Sister Cities Program". Miami-Dade County. Retrieved 2021-01-20.

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