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Parnell (New Zealand electorate)
In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and Parnell was one of the single-member electorates. The electorates were distributed to provinces so that every province had at least two members. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly. The Parnell electorate had 268 registered electors for the 1861 election.
In 1927 the Representation Commission proposed altering the Parnell boundaries; which if confirmed would have made the electorate "dry" or no-licence, and without an authority which could issue temporary licences for the Ellerslie and Alexandra Park raceways. Following objections, the boundary between the Parnell and Auckland East electorates was adjusted to include a hotel in the Parnell electorate (so retaining its licensing committee). John A. Lee later claimed that this adjustment cost him his Auckland East seat in the 1928 election. 
The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, 19 electorates were created for the first time, and eight former electorates were re-established, including Parnell. The Parnell electorate existed alongside the Remuera electorate. It was abolished again with the next electoral redistribution, which was held in 1952 and became effective with the 1954 election. Most of the Parnell electorate's area went once again to the Remuera electorate.
Members of Parliament
|1861 election||Reader Wood|
|1865 by-election||Robert Creighton|
|1866 election||Frederick Whitaker|
|1867 by-election||Charles Heaphy|
|1870 by-election||Reader Wood|
|1878 by-election||Frederick Moss|
|1890 election||Frank Lawry|
|1911 election||James Dickson|
|1928 election||Harry Jenkins|
|1930 by-election||Bill Endean|
|(electorate abolished 1938–1946; see Remuera)|
|1946 election||Duncan Rae|
|(electorate abolished 1954; see Remuera)|
|Independent Liberal||Frederick Coles Jordan||507||3.46|
|Labour||John William Yarnall||2,553||22.58|
|Independent||William Collingbourne Hewitt||1,377||12.18|
|United||W. Alan Donald||3,230||31.65|
|United||Harry Reginald Jenkins||5,642||46.64|
|Reform||James Samuel Dickson||4,793||39.62|
|Labour||John William Yarnall||1,661||13.73|
|Reform||James Samuel Dickson||5,706||62.50|
b Rosetta Baume was one of three women in 1919 who stood at short notice when women were able to stand as candidates for election to parliament.
|Reform||James Samuel Dickson||3,585||44.19|
|Reform||James Samuel Dickson||4,264||52.71|
|Conservative||John Candlish Allen||846||18.67|
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