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Peter Paul von Mauser
Peter Paul von Mauser
|Born||(1838-06-27)June 27, 1838
|Died||May 29, 1914(1914-05-29) (aged 75)
|Occupation||Engineer, Weapon Designer, Politician|
|Known for||Development of distinctive Mauser action|
|Gewehr 98 rifle
7.65×53mm Mauser and 7×57mm Mauser rifle cartridges
|Political party||National Liberal Party|
|Relatives||Wilhelm Mauser, brother|
Mauser was born in Oberndorf am Neckar, in what was then the Kingdom of Württemberg. His father was originally a shoemaker and then made leather scabbards for the Royal Rifle Factory in Oberndorf. Paul Mauser and his brother Wilhelm, who had become gunsmiths, first lived in modest conditions. Paul Mauser develops various firearms with his brother, and later he founded the company Gebr Mauser with him, which finally took over from the royal manufacture.
Together with his brother Wilhelm Mauser, Peter Paul Mauser designed the Mauser Model 1871 rifle, the first of a successful line of Mauser rifles and pistols. The rifle was adopted as the Gewehr 71 or Infanterie-Gewehr 71 and was the first metal cartridge weapon of the German Empire. While Wilhelm handled this business side of the factory, Paul proved to be the more technically capable engineer.
Peter Paul von Mauser made significant contributions to bolt action rifle design and successfully combined and improved various bolt action engineering concepts. The Mauser company bolt action development resulted in the Gewehr 98 and Karabiner 98k rifle series that were the latest in a line of Mauser bolt action rifles that started with the Mauser Model 1889 and were adapted in 1889 and the 1890s as service rifles by several countries. The bolt action design used for the Gewehr 98 was patented by Paul Mauser on 9 September 1895. Besides rifles, Paul Mauser also developed handguns, with first Mauser design handgun being Mauser C78 revolver. In 1896, Paul Mauser would develop the C96 pistol, which was one of the first semi-automatic pistols in history.
Initially, Mauser's designs were more successful abroad than in Prussia, but the Prussian Rifle Review Board in Spandau opted for the self-developed 1888 rifle. Paul Mauser designs with the Imperial Order an improved model of this rifle.
The name of Mauser is inseparable from the construction of the 1893 infantry rifle for Spain, 1894 carbine and 1896 infantry rifle for Sweden, with model rifles for Peru, Belgium, Argentina, the Brazil (1894), Chile (1895), then Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Mexico (1902) and Turkey. Deliveries to these countries make the Mauser name a world-renowned guarantee of quality for precise weapons.
The construction of the Gewehr 98 rifle was personally praised by Kaiser Wilhelm II on April 5, 1898. Mauser lost his left eye in 1901 as a result of a cartridge explosion during a test firing of the self-loading C98.
Peter Paul von Mauser also designed the 7.65×53mm Mauser (1889) and 7×57mm Mauser (1892) rifle cartridges. These cartridges were high-performance service cartridge designs compared to other contemporary smokeless powder service cartridges such as the 8mm Lebel (1886), 8×50mmR Mannlicher (1890) and .303 British (1891).
Mauser was a member of the German Reichstag for the National Liberal Party from 1898 to 1903, a party that appeared in the Kingdom of Württemberg as a German party. In the Reichstag, he represents the 8th district of Württemberg (Freudenstadt, Horb, Oberndorf, Sulz). He was nominated as a candidate thanks to an alliance of the Conservatives, the Farmers' Federation and the National Liberals and after his election to the Reichstag joined the Group of National Liberals as a guest.
In 1912, he received the Grashof commemorative coin from the Association of German Engineers.
- Paul Gehring (1941), Wilhelm (1834–1882) und Paul Mauser (1838–1914): Erfinder und Fabrikanten von Gewehren und sonstigen Handfeuerwaffen. In: Hermann Haering und Otto Hohenstatt (Hrsg.), Schwäbische Lebensbilder, Bd. 2. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, P. 314–339.
- Wolfgang Seel: Mauser, Paul von. In: Neue Deutsche Biograpie (NDB). Band 16, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-428-00197-4, P. 448 f.
- Carl-Wilhelm Reibel: Handbuch der Reichstagswahlen 1890–1918. Bündnisse, Ergebnisse, Kandidaten. (= Handbücher zur Geschichte des Parlamentarismus und der politischen Parteien, Band 15.) Halbband 2, Droste, Düsseldorf 2007, ( ISBN 978-3-7700-5284-4), S. 1228–1232.
- De Haas, Frank (2003). "Mauser Models 71 &71/84". In Wayne Zwoll (ed.). Bolt Action Rifles (4 ed.). Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-87349-660-5.
- Jahrbücher für die deutsche Armee und Marine, Band 19, Bath, 1876, Seite 5
- "Five Supposed Mauser Firsts ... That Weren't -". Apr 13, 2017. Retrieved Aug 26, 2020.
- https://www.forgottenweapons.com/mauser-c98-the-system-that-cost-paul-mauser-an-eye/ Der Spiegel, Ausgabe 25, 1975: "Buchmarkt: Ruf wie Donnerhall". Archived from the original on 2017-01-16. Retrieved 2020-11-21.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)[importance?] Seiten 118–120
- "Wilhelm and Peter Paul Mauser: History of the Mauser Brothers". Retrieved Aug 26, 2020.
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