Philip McBride


Sir Philip McBride

Philip McBride.jpg
Minister for Defence
In office
24 October 1950 â€“ 10 December 1958
Preceded by Eric Harrison
Succeeded by Athol Townley
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Grey
In office
19 December 1931 â€“ 21 September 1937
Preceded by Andrew Lacey
Succeeded by Oliver Badman
Senator for South Australia
In office
21 October 1937 â€“ 30 June 1944
Preceded by Oliver Badman
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Wakefield
In office
28 September 1946 â€“ 14 October 1958
Preceded by Albert Smith
Succeeded by Bert Kelly
Personal details
Born (1892-06-18)18 June 1892
Burra, South Australia
Died 14 July 1982(1982-07-14) (aged 90)
Medindie, South Australia
Nationality Australian
Political party UAP (1931–44)
Liberal (1944–58)

Sir Philip Albert Martin McBride KCMG PC (18 June 1892 – 14 July 1982) was an Australian politician. He was a United Australia Party member of the Australian House of Representatives for Grey from 1931 to 1937 and the Australian Senate from 1937 to 1944, and a Liberal Party of Australia member of the House of Representatives for Wakefield from 1946 to 1958. He served as a minister in both of Robert Menzies' governments, as Minister for the Army and Minister for Repatriation (1940), Minister for Supply and Development and Minister for Munitions (1940–1941), Minister for the Interior (1949–1950), and Minister for Defence (1950–1958).

Early life and pastoralist career

Philip Albert McBride was born at Burra, in the mid north of South Australia, the son of an early settler and well known pastoralist James McBride and his wife Louisa (nÊe Lane), and was educated first at Burra Public School and then Prince Alfred College in Adelaide. He worked on the family sheep stations with his father, then went into partnership with him in 1915, and in 1920 formed the family business into a well known South Australian company, A. J. and P. A. McBride, Ltd., with Philip McBride as managing director. The company controlled a number of pastoral stations across South Australia, including Braemar Station, Faraway Hill Station, Lincoln Park Station, Mernowie Station, Teetulpa Station, Wilgena Station, Wooltana Station and Yardea Station of which Paney was part of.. In the early years he was very much a hands on masn and involved in day to day dealings at the sheep stations. He would serve as chairman of the company A.J & P. A. McBride for fifty years. He was president of the Stockowners' Association Association of South Australia from 1929 to 1931 and represented South Australia on the Australian Woolgrowers Council during the 1930s. Phillip McBride unsuccessfully contested the 1927 state election in Newcastle and the 1930 state election in Burra.[1][2][3][4]

Federal politics

McBride was elected to the House of Representatives at the 1931 election, when he won Grey for the United Australia Party, defeating incumbent Labor MP Andrew Lacey.[5] As a backbencher, he advocated for increased assistance to farmers and lower tariffs, and was concerned with the interests of the wheat and wool industries, being that he represented one of the largest electorates in Australia. He was easily re-elected in 1934.[4][1]

Prior to the 1937 federal election, McBride made a deal with fellow grazier Senator A. O. Badman to swap seats and move to the Senate.[1][4] A deal between Phillip McBride and Oliver Badman was not public at the time, as both men had contested the Senate preselection, which Badman had lost, and Badman's preselection win for Grey was reported by the media as having been unexpected.[6][7] Badman resigned from the Senate and contested and won Grey at the federal election, while McBride, already endorsed for the Senate ticket at the 1937 election, the victors of which would not take their seats until July 1938, was appointed to Badman's Senate vacancy in the interim. The deal had also been unusual in that McBride and Badman caucused with separate federal parties; while both were members of the same state party, the Liberal and Country League, Badman was aligned with the UAP's coalition partner, the Country Party.[1][4]

McBride was Assistant Minister for Commerce from April 1939 to September 1940; he resigned several directorships at the time of his promotion to avoid conflicts of interest. In the wake of the death of senior minister Geoffrey Street in the 1940 Canberra air disaster, McBride was assigned Street's portfolios of Minister for the Army and Minister for Repatriation. However, following the 1940 federal election in October, he was shifted to the role of Minister for Munitions and Minister for Supply and Development, the latter being a ministry that he had campaigned to create. He was a member of the War Cabinet from 1940 and the Advisory War Council from 1941. Following the UAP's defeat in parliament in 1941 and Labor leader John Curtin's accession as Prime Minister, McBride was made Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Senate, but was defeated at the 1943 election, his term expiring in June 1944.[1][4]

During his two years out of parliament, McBride was appointed chairman of Elder Smith and Company in 1944, and regained his directorship of Elder's Trustee and Executor Company and his position on the boards of the Adelaide Steamship Company and Wallaroo-Mt Lyell Fertilisers in 1945. He was involved in the development of the Liberal Party of Australia to replace the failing UAP, and served on its provisional executive in 1944–45.[8] He returned to parliament for the Liberal Party at the 1946 general election, winning the seat of Wakefield. Following the election of the Menzies government in 1949, he became Minister for the Interior from 1949 to 1950, and again resigned his directorships. In 1950, he was appointed Minister for Defence, a position he retained until his retirement from politics in 1958. He was described as having been a "close confidant" to Menzies and "an influential member of [Menzies'] inner circle", and when he retired was the last of the "Old Guard" of ministers who had supported Menzies when he had lost the leadership in 1941.[3][9]

After retiring from parliament, McBride again served as chairman of Elder Smith and Co Ltd (later Elder Smith Goldsbrough Mort Ltd), was on the board of the Bank of Adelaide and Wallaroo-Mount Lyell Fertilisers Ltd, and was a member of the Australian Wool Board.[3][10] He was also federal president of the Liberal Party from 1960 to 1965.[11]

McBride died at his home at Medindie in 1982 and was cremated. He was survived by his wife and two of his sons.[1]

His company, A. J. and P. A. McBride, Ltd. is still involved in the wool industry, and still owns many pastoral stations from when Sir Philip McBride ran the company.[12]

Honours

McBride was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1953 and made a Privy counsellor in 1959.[1]

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