The Pig (豬) is the twelfth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. In the continuous sexagenary cycle of sixty years, every twelfth year corresponds to hai, 亥 (the twelfth of the twelve Earthly Branches); this re-recurring twelfth year is commonly called the Year of the Pig (豬年). There are five types of Pigs, named after the Chinese elements. In order, they are: Metal, Water, Wood, Fire, and Earth. These correspond to the Heavenly Stems. Thus, there are five pig years in every sexegenary cycle. For example, in the year 2019, the Earthly Branch is the twelfth, hài, and the Heavenly Stem is the sixth, jǐ 己. The Chinese New Year in 2019 is February fifth: this corresponds with the beginning of both the sexegenary year of jǐ hài and also the zodiac year of the Earth Pig.
In the Japanese zodiac and the Tibetan zodiac, the Pig is replaced by the boar. In the Dai zodiac, the Pig is replaced by the elephant. In the Gurung zodiac, the Pig is replaced by the deer.
Pig in the Chinese zodiac legend
According to the myths, the Pig was the last to arrive when the Jade Emperor called for the great meeting. Other sources said that Buddha called for a great meeting when he was about to leave the Earth. The Pig came in last.
Legend has it that just as the emperor was about to call it a day, an oink and squeal was heard from a little Pig. The term "lazy Pig" is due here as the Pig got hungry during the race, promptly stopped for a feast then fell asleep. After the nap, the Pig continued the race and was named the 12th and last animal of the zodiac cycle.
Other sources say that given his very stout form, he was just too slow a swimmer, and thus he could not do anything against the other animals.
Years and the Five Elements
The Pig and the Elements
The natural element of the Pig is Water. Thus, it is commonly associated with emotions and intuitions. Yet, given that along with the elements (called the Celestial stem), the animal zodiac (called the Earthly stem) also follows a cycle, each of the elements affect the characteristic of the same Earthly stem.
- 乙 亥 (yǐhài) – The Wood Pig
- 丁 亥 (dīnghài) – The Fire Pig
- 己 亥 (jǐhài) – The Earth Pig
- 辛 亥 (xīnhài) – The Metal Pig
- 癸 亥 (guǐhài) – The Water Pig
The Years of the Pig
Since the Chinese zodiac follows the Lunar calendar, it does not coincide with the Gregorian calendar years or months. Thus, people born on 9 February 1899 still belongs to the preceding zodiac (i.e. the Dog) while those born on 31 January 1900 already belongs to the following zodiac (i.e. the Rat).
|Start date||End date||Heavenly Branch|
|30 January 1911||17 February 1912||Metal Pig|
|16 February 1923||5 February 1924||Water Pig|
|4 February 1935||23 January 1936||Wood Pig|
|22 January 1947||9 February 1948||Fire Pig|
|8 February 1959||27 January 1960||Earth Pig|
|27 January 1971||14 February 1972||Metal Pig|
|13 February 1983||1 February 1984||Water Pig|
|31 January 1995||18 February 1996||Wood Pig|
|18 February 2007||6 February 2008||Fire Pig|
|5 February 2019||24 January 2020||Earth Pig|
|23 January 2031||10 February 2032||Metal Pig|
|10 February 2043||29 January 2044||Water Pig|
|28 January 2055||14 February 2056||Wood Pig|
|14 February 2067||2 February 2068||Fire Pig|
|2 February 2079||21 January 2080||Earth Pig|
|18 January 2091||6 February 2092||Metal Pig|
|4 February 2103||27 January 2104||Water Pig|
|Sign||Best Match||Average||No Match|
|Pig||Pig, Rabbit, Goat||Dog, Tiger, Horse, Dragon, Monkey, Rat, Rooster, Ox||Snake|
Relationship with other signs
The Pig belongs to the fourth Trine of the Chinese zodiac. It is most compatible with the Rabbit. The gentle and sensitive Goat is most compatible with the Pig. Two Pigs can get along well with each other. It is said that the relationship between these three archetypes work best as they strive for aestheticism, beauty, and a more philosophical, and intellectual approach in life. Their calm nature gives them great leadership abilities.
They are artistic, refined, intuitive, intelligent, and well-mannered. These souls love the preliminaries in love, and are fine artists in their lovemaking. The Rabbit, Goat, and Pig have been bestowed with calmer natures than the other nine signs.
These three are compassionately aware, yet detached and resigned to their condition. They seek beauty and a sensitive love. They are caring, unique, self-sacrificing, obliging, sensible, creative, empathetic, tactful, and prudent. They can also be naive, pedantic, insecure, cunning, indecisive, and pessimistic.
Basic astrology elements
|The Five Elements:||Water|
|Lucky Numbers:||2, 5, 6, 8; Avoid: 3, 4, 9|
|Lucky Colors:||yellow; Avoid: red, blue|
Some Chinese Muslims will say that they were born in the year of the hai 亥 (twelfth and final year of the zodiac) to avoid saying the "Pig". This is because pigs are haram (forbidden to eat) in Islam and therefore Muslims consider pigs unclean.
Increasing numbers of countries and regions now issue lunar new year stamps. For the 2019 Year of the Pig, the USC U.S.-China Institute collected stamps from 56 jurisdictions.
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