Ponorogo Regency

Ponorogo Regency
Kabupaten Ponorogo
ꦑꦧꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦦꦤꦫꦒ
A demonstration of Reog Ponorogo.
A demonstration of Reog Ponorogo.
Coat of arms of Ponorogo Regency
Motto(s): 
Resik Endah Omber Girang Gemirang
Location of Ponorogo Regency in East java
Location of Ponorogo Regency in East java
Ponorogo Regency is located in Java
Ponorogo Regency
Ponorogo Regency
Location in Java
Coordinates: 7°52′10″S 111°27′46″E / 7.86944°S 111.46278°E / -7.86944; 111.46278Coordinates: 7°52′10″S 111°27′46″E / 7.86944°S 111.46278°E / -7.86944; 111.46278
Country Indonesia
Province East Java
Capital Ponorogo
Government
 • Regent Sugiri Sancoko
Area
 • Total 1,371.78 km2 (529.65 sq mi)
Elevation
100 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)
 • Total 949,320
 • Density 690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Demonyms Warga Ponorogo (id)
Wong Ponorogo (Ponoragan) (jv)[1]
Ponoragan (en)
Time zone UTC+7 (Western Indonesia Time)
Area code(s) +62 352
Website ponorogo.go.id

Ponorogo Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Ponorogo; Javanese: ꦑꦧꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦦꦤꦫꦒ, romanized: Kabupatèn Pånårågå) is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia. It is considered the birthplace of Reog Ponorogo, a traditional Indonesian dance form. The Regency covers an area of 1,371.78 sq. km, and it had a population of 855,281 at the 2010 Census[2] and 949,320 at the 2020 Census.[3] The capital of the kabupaten is the local town of Ponorogo located around 30 km south of the main East Java city of Madiun.

Geography

Ponorogo Regency is located in the southwestern part of the province of East Java on the border with Central Java province. It lies approximately 200 km south-west of Surabaya, the provincial capital of East Java. The regency lies between 92 and 2,563 metres above sea level and covers an area of about 1,371.78 km2.

History

According to the Babad Ponorogo history, Ponorogo was founded when Bathoro Katong conquered the Wengker region. This region had previously been controlled by Suryo Ngalam Wengker. Bathoro Katong originally settled in modern-day Pekalongan in what is now the village Setono in district Jenangan. Though faced with many obstacles, Raden Katong, Aji Selo, and Ki Ageng Mirah and his family continued to establish settlements in the region.

With the consent of all parties, Bathoro Katong established the Duchy Ponorogo on 11 August 1496.[4] This date is celebrated as the founding of Ponorogo, and is corroborated by ancient objects, such as a pair of stone gilang located in front of the fifth gate of the Katong Batara tomb complex. The gilang contains the forms of a human meditating, trees, eagle and elephants (candrasengkala gilang memet); all of which combine to represent the Saka year 1496.

Economy

Ponorogo Regency is one of fastest growing regency in East Java. To improve irrigation and economy, a new "Bendo Dam" was built and officially opened at September 2021.[5]

Administrative districts

The Regency is divided into twenty-one districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their population at the 2010 Census[6] and 2020 Census.[7] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district and its postal codes.

Name Area
in km2
Pop'n
Census
2010[8]
Pop'n
Census
2020[9]
Number
of
villages
Post
codes
Ngrayon 184.76 55,416 59,790 11 63464
Slahung 90.34 49,267 53,360 22 63463
Bungkal 54.01 34,240 38,160 19 63462
Sambit 59.83 35,566 39,630 16 63474
Sawoo 124.71 54,696 60,860 14 63475
Sooko 55.33 21,767 23,920 6 63482
Pudak 48.92 8,893 9,160 6 63418
Pulung 127.55 45,993 51,580 18 63481
Mlarak 37.20 36,138 35,040 15 63472
Siman 37.95 41,655 48,050 18 63471
Jetis 22.41 29,049 31,220 14 63473
Balong 56.96 41,565 47,050 20 63461
Kauman 36.61 40,015 46,420 16 63451
Jambon 57.48 38,929 45,770 13 63456
Badegan 52.35 29,082 33,020 10 63455
Sampung 80.61 35,845 39,840 12 63454
Sukorejo 59.58 49,564 57,590 18 63453
Ponorejo
(town)
22.31 74,379 76,690 19 63411
-63419
Babadan 43.93 62,615 70,410 15 63491
Jenangan 59.44 51,508 60,690 17 63492
Ngebel 59.50 19,099 21,070 8 63493
Totals 1,371.78 855,281 949,320 307

Culture

Ponorogo town, generally considered the birthplace of Reog, is also known by the names City (of) Reog and City (of) Rasta. Each year in the Islamic month of Muharram, Ponorogo holds a celebration known as Grebeg Suro, "the party of the people". Grebeg Suro involves many traditional events such as the National Reog Festival, the Heritage Carnival and the Larungan Proceedings of Prayer held at Lake Ngebel.

On 11 August, the anniversary of the founding of the Ponorogo Regency is celebrated. The day markes 11 August 1496, when Bathara Katong, the first leader of Ponorogo, went from the Old Town to the Central City of Ponorogo and crowned himself the first Duke of Ponorogo.

Ponorogo is also known for its culinary specialties such as Sate Ponorogo — grilled marinated chicken – served in peanut sauce, garnished with shredded shallots, chilli paste and lime juice.

Education

Educational institutions in Ponorogo range from pre-school and kindergarten to university.

Pre-school and kindergarten facilities are mainly provided private or religious institutions and are available in almost every village. Elementary schools are run by public and private institutions. There is at least one public elementary school in every village and some villages have more than one public elementary school.

There are a number of both junior and senior high schools in Ponorogo. High schools exist in every sub-district. In addition to senior high schools, students can study at vocational high schools. Ponorogo also has several universities which are mostly run by private or religious institutions. There are three public universities, Akademi Komunitas Negeri Ponorogo, Akademi Keperawatan Pemkab Ponorogo, and IAIN Ponorogo. There are also many Islamic boarding schools, including the Pondok Modern Darussalam Gontor located in the village of Gontor in the Mlarak District.

Sport and recreation

Telaga (lake) Ngebel covers approximately 150 hectares, and is popular for jet skiing and other water sports. The lake is roughly a one-hour drive (about 30 kilometers) from Ponorogo or Madiun.[10]

Recognition

In the Otonomy Awards 2011, Ponorogo Regency received the Grand Award of Public Service Innovation.[11]

Climate

Ponorogo has 65–95% of humidity. The maximum humidity is 95% and the average humidity is 80%. The wind velocity of Ponorogo is within the range of 0–7 km/hr. The maximum wind velocity is 7 km/hr and the average is 4 km/hr. The temperature of this City is within the range of 21.0–33.3 °C with the average temperature is 27.2 °C.

Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Average Temperature (Celsius) 27.4 26.4 27.4 27.1 26.2 26.7 26.6 27.4 27.7 28.4 27.5 27.0
Min Temperature (Celsius) 22.7 21.7 22.6 22.6 21.0 22.1 22.0 23.3 22.7 23.4 22.2 22.4
Max Temperature (Celsius) 32.1 31.1 32.2 31.6 31.3 31.3 31.2 31.5 32.7 33.3 32.7 31.5

References

  1. ^ Sugianto, Alip (2015). "Kajian Etnolinguistik terhadap peribahasa Etnik Jawa Panaragan sebuah tinjauan pragmatik force". Seminar Nasional PRASASTI II: Kajian Pragmatik dalam Berbagai Bidang.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2020 Kabupaten Ponorogo. Ponorogo: BPS Kabupaten Ponorogo. Archived from the original on 18 March 2021. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  4. ^ Philips, C.H., ed. (1951). Handbook of Oriental History. Royal Historical Society. p. 265. ASIN B0088L3G6I (UK).CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Doni Tolok, Aprianus. "Jokowi Resmikan Bendungan Bendo di Ponorogo: Siap Difungsikan!". Bisnis.com.
  6. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  7. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  8. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  9. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  10. ^ "Telaga ngebel - Ponorogo". Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links

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