Port Sudan

Port Sudan
بور سودان
City
Port Sudan Harbor
Port Sudan Harbor
Port Sudan is located in Sudan
Port Sudan
Port Sudan
Location in Sudan
Coordinates: 19°37′N 37°13′E / 19.617°N 37.217°E / 19.617; 37.217Coordinates: 19°37′N 37°13′E / 19.617°N 37.217°E / 19.617; 37.217
Country Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan
State Red Sea State
Population
 (2007)
 • Total 489,725

Port Sudan (Arabic: بور سودان‎, romanizedBūr Sūdān) is a port city in eastern Sudan, and the capital of the state of Red Sea. As of 2007, it has 489,725 residents. Located on the Red Sea, it is Sudan's main seaport.

History

Port Sudan was built between 1905 and 1909 by the administration of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan to replace Suakin.[1] An oil pipeline was built between the port and Khartoum in 1977.

Economy

The city has an oil refinery and handles the majority of the country's international trade.[1] Major exports include oilseed, senna, and hides and skins. Imports include construction materials, heavy machinery, and vehicles.

Transport

The city has a modern container-port to handle imports and exports.[1] The port is part of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road that runs from the Chinese coast via the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean, there to the Upper Adriatic region of Trieste with its rail connections to Central and Eastern Europe.[2][3][4][5]

The main airport is Port Sudan New International Airport. There is now a tarred road linking Port Sudan to Khartoum via Atbara. Port Sudan also has a rail link with Khartoum. There is also an international ferry from Jeddah.[citation needed]

Education

The city is home to the Red Sea University, established in 1994.[6]

Places of worship

Places of worship are predominantly Muslim mosques,[7] but there are also Christian churches and temples including the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Khartoum (Catholic Church), Sudan Interior Church (Baptist World Alliance), and Presbyterian Church in Sudan (World Communion of Reformed Churches).

Climate

Port Sudan has a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh) with extremely hot summers and moderately hot winters, requiring the acquisition of fresh water from Wadi Arba'at in the Red Sea Hills and from salt-evaporating pans. Temperatures can easily exceed 30 °C (86 °F) in winter and 45 °C (113 °F) in summer. Over 90% of the annual rainfall falls between October and January, mostly in November, with the wettest month on record being November 1947 with 182 millimetres (7.2 in), whilst the wettest year was from July 1923 to June 1924 with 231 millimetres (9.1 in). Average annual rainfall is 76 millimetres (3.0 in), and no rainfall occurred between January 1983 and June 1984.[8] The mean temperature year round (the average of all daily highs and nighttime lows) is 28.4 °C (83.1 °F).

Demographics

Year Population
1906[12] 4,289
1941 26,255
1973 132,632
1983 209,938
1993 305,385
2007 (est.) 489,275
2008 (est.) 517,338

The population consists mainly of Sudanese Arabs, including the native Beja people, with small Asian and European minorities.[1]

Notable people

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