Porto Alegre Metro

Porto Alegre Metro
Trensurb - logo.png
TUE S茅rie 200 (Trensurb) - 2014.jpg
Overview
Native name Metr么 de Porto Alegre
Locale Porto Alegre,
Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 1 (+ 1 airport connector)
Number of stations 22
Daily ridership 175,000[1]
Website Trensurb
Operation
Began operation 2 March 1985; 36 years ago (1985-03-02)
Operator(s) Trensurb
Technical
System length 43.4 km (27.0 mi)[2]
Track gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
Electrification 3000 V DC overhead lines
Average speed 50 km/h (31 mph)
Top speed 90 km/h (56 mph)
System map
Map of the Porto Alegre Metro system.

The Porto Alegre Metro (Portuguese: Metr么 de Porto Alegre, commonly called Trem or Trensurb) is a transit system operated jointly by the federal government, the state government of Rio Grande do Sul and the city of Porto Alegre through the company Trensurb (Company of Urban Trains of Porto Alegre SA) in Brasil. It has 22 stations,[3] totaling 43.4 kilometers (27.0 mi) of route,[2] and carries about 175,000 users a day.[1]

History

Metro in S茫o Leopoldo Station.

The Line 1 of the subway built in Porto Alegre was started in 1980, linking the center of Porto Alegre to cities to the north of the metropolitan area, as Canoas, Esteio, Sapucaia do Sul, S茫o Leopoldo and Novo Hamburgo. The choice of path was made to relieve the heavy traffic of highway BR-116, the only option before the construction of this line, which already had serious problems with the transit at the time.

The Line 1 was inaugurated on March 2, 1985 between the Central Public Market and Sapucaia do Sul, covering a route of 27 kilometers (16.8 mi) and 15 stations.[1]

Extensions

In December 1997, the line was extended to Unisinos.[1]

A 3.8-kilometer (2.4 mi) extension to S茫o Leopoldo-Museum was added in November 2000, after two months of trial service.[1]

A further 9.3-kilometer (5.8 mi) extension to Novo Hamburgo opened in two phases: a 4.9-kilometer (3.0 mi), two station stretch opened in July 2012, followed by the final 4.4-kilometer (2.7 mi), three station stretch on December 21, 2013.[2]

Operations

System characteristics

The Porto Alegre Rapid Transit has an average distance between each station of 2 kilometers (1.2 mi). The average speed of trains is 50 km/h (31 mph), while the maximum speed is 90 km/h (56 mph). The rail gauge is 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) (Irish gauge), with power supplied to the trains by a 3,000 VDC catenary.

Lines

Line Start/End Founded Length Stations Time (min) Operating
Hours
1
Azul
Mercado 鈫 Novo Hamburgo 1985[1] 43.4 km (27.0 mi)[2] 22[3] 53 05:00 AM
to
11:20 PM
Airport connection
People Mover

Trensurb 鈫 Infraero* 2013 0.814 km (0.51 mi) 2 2 06:30 AM
to
11:20 PM

Construction of a 0.814 kilometers (0.51 mi) (including maintenance track, it is 1.01-kilometer (0.63 mi) long)[4] single-line fully automated people mover connecting the Esta莽茫o Aeroporto (Airport Station) and Terminal 1 of Salgado Filho International Airport has been completed. The line has been operational since August 2013. It is a part of the Porto Alegre Metro system so users do not need to purchase a separate ticket. The journey time is 90 seconds.[4] Depending on demand, one or two vehicles (150 or 300 passengers), will operate at any one time. Cost of construction was R$37.8 million with demand projected at 7,700 passengers per day.[4] In the period 1 May 2014 to 7 September 2014, following the introduction of fare collection, the service averaged 3,165 passengers per day with a peak of 4,134 on 5 September 2014.[5]

This is the first commercial installation in the world of the Aeromovel design, an atmospheric railway technology first developed in Porto Alegre in the late 1970s.[6]

Future expansion

Line 2 of the metro is proposed to consist of a 19 km (12 mi) route from the city centre to Cachoeirinha, of which around half will be underground.[7] In 2019, the estimated cost of the line was $2.9 billion.

Network Map

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Hist贸ria" [History] (in Portuguese). Empresa de Trens Urbanos de Porto Alegre S.A. Retrieved 2014-06-15.
  2. ^ a b c d "Trensurb Estende Funcionamento Das Novas Esta莽玫es" [Trensurb Extends Operation With New Stations] (in Portuguese). Empresa de Trens Urbanos de Porto Alegre S.A. December 20, 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-15.
  3. ^ a b "Todas as Esta莽玫es" [All Stations] (in Portuguese). Empresa de Trens Urbanos de Porto Alegre S.A. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  4. ^ a b c "Conex茫o metr么-aeroporto" [Metro connection-airport] (in Portuguese). Empresa de Trens Urbanos de Porto Alegre S.A. Retrieved 2014-06-15.
  5. ^ "Aeromovel 2014" (pdf). Retrieved 2014-09-17.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "WITH 100% OF NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, THE AEROMOVEL REACHES ITS FINAL CONSTRUCTION STAGES IN PORTO ALEGRE". Retrieved 2013-04-22.
  7. ^ "Nova perspectiva para linha 2 do metr么 de Porto Alegre". www.senadorlasiermartins.com.br (in Portuguese). 19 June 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2020.

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