President of Afghanistan

President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
د افغانستان د اسلامي جمهوریت جمهور رئیس
رئيس جمهور جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
Emblem of Afghanistan (2013–2021).svg
Standard of the President of Afghanistan.svg
Amrullah Saleh (4).jpg
Amrullah Saleh[1]
(Acting, claimed)

since 17 August 2021
Style The Honourable (Formal)
His Excellency (Diplomatic)
Residence The Arg, Kabul, Afghanistan (former)
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mohammed Daoud Khan (Republic)
Hamid Karzai (Islamic Republic)
Formation 17 July 1973 (Republic)
7 December 2004 (Islamic Republic)
Deputy Vice President of Afghanistan
Salary 960,000 AFN per month[2]

The president of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was constitutionally the head of state and head of government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004–2021) and Commander-in-Chief of the Afghan Armed Forces.

During the 2021 Taliban offensive, President Ashraf Ghani fled Afghanistan to Tajikistan on 15 August 2021, precipitating the fall of the capital Kabul to the Taliban.[3][4] After Ghani fled, the Taliban occupied the Arg (the Presidential palace).[3] Two days later, First Vice President Amrullah Saleh declared himself Acting President.[1]

Eligibility and selection process

Article 62 of the 2004 Constitution of Afghanistan states that a candidate for the office of President:[5]


The 2004 Constitution grants the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively weak national bicameral National Assembly, the House of the People (Wolesi Jirga) and the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga). A president can only serve up to two five-year terms. Hamid Karzai began his first five-year term in 2004.[6] After his second term ended in 2014, Ashraf Ghani was elected as the next Afghan president.[7]

List of presidents of Afghanistan

Latest election

Candidate Running mate Party Votes %
Ashraf Ghani Amrullah Saleh,
Sarwar Danish
Independent 923,592 50.64
Abdullah Abdullah Enayatullah Babur Farahmand,
Asadullah Sadati
National Coalition 720,841 39.52
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin 70,241 3.85
Rahmatullah Nabil Independent 33,919 1.86
Faramarz Tamanna Independent 18,063 0.99
Noorullah Jalili Independent 15,519 0.85
Abdul Latif Pedram National Congress Party 12,608 0.69
Enayatullah Hafiz Independent 11,375 0.62
Mohammad Hakim Torsan Independent 6,500 0.36
Ahmad Wali Massoud Independent 3,942 0.22
Mohammad Shahab Hakimi Independent 3,318 0.18
Ghulam Farooq Najrabi Independent 1,608 0.09
Mohammad Hanif Atmar Truth and Justice 1,567 0.09
Noor Rahman Lewal Independent 855 0.05
Total 1,823,948 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 9,665,745 18.87
Source: IEC
The Arg (the Presidential palace)

See also


  1. ^ a b Landay, Jonathan; Macfie, Nick; Boyle, John (17 August 2021). "Afghan vice president says he is "caretaker" president". Reuters. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Afghanistan's lower house approves President Karzai's salary and expenses amount". Wadsam. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b Mishal Husain, Paul Adams, Malik Mudassir, Ben Wright, Jon Sopel (15 August 2021). Taliban seize power in Afghanistan as President flees country (Television production). London: BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2021 – via YouTube.
  4. ^ "President Ashraf Ghani leaves Afghanistan: Live". Al Jazeera. August 15, 2021. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
  5. ^ "The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan". Government of Afghanistan. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  6. ^ Gall, Carlotta (November 4, 2004). "Election of Karzai Is Declared Official". The New York Times. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
  7. ^ "Ashraf Ghani sworn in as new Afghan president". BBC News. 29 September 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2021.

External links