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President of Afghanistan
|President of the
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
د افغانستان د اسلامي جمهوریت رئیس
رئيس جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
|Style||The Honourable (Formal)
His Excellency (Diplomatic)
|Residence||Presidential Citadel, Kabul, Afghanistan|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Mohammed Daoud Khan (Republic)
Hamid Karzai (Islamic Republic)
|Formation||July 17, 1973 (Republic)
December 7, 2004 (Islamic Republic)
|Deputy||Vice President of Afghanistan|
|Website||Office of the President|
Before the office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was created in 2004, Afghanistan has been an Islamic republic between 1973 and 1992 and from 2001 onward. Before 1973, it was a monarchy. Between 1992 and 2001, during the civil war, the country was recognized as the Islamic State of Afghanistan, and later the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
Eligibility and selection process
- be a Muslim citizen of Afghanistan, born of Afghan parents;
- not be a citizen of another country;
- be at least forty years old when declaring candidacy;
- not have been convicted of crimes against humanity, a criminal act or deprived of civil rights by court;
- not have previously served more than two terms as President.
The Constitution of Afghanistan grants the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs, with a relatively weak national bicameral national assembly, the Wolesi Jirga (House of the People) and Meshrano Jirga (House of Elders). A president can only serve up to two five-year terms. Hamid Karzai started his first five-year term in 2004. After his second term ended in 2014, Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai was chosen as the next president.
|Candidate||Nominating party||First round||Second round (final result)|
|Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai||Independent||2,084,547||31.56||4,485,888||56.44|
|Abdullah Abdullah||National Coalition||2,972,141||45.00||3,461,639||43.56|
|Abdul Rasul Sayyaf||Islamic Dawa||465,207||7.04|
|Gul Agha Sherzai||Independent||103,636||1.57|
|Mohammad Daud Sultanzoy||Independent||30,685||0.46|
|Hedayat Amin Arsala||Independent||15,506||0.23|
|Source: IEC IEC|
- List of heads of state of Afghanistan
- Prime Minister of Afghanistan
- Chief Executive Officer (Afghanistan)
- "The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan". Government of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "Meshrano Jirga". Government of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
The Meshrano Jirga of the National Assembly of Afghanistan consists of 102 members. Two-thirds were elected indirectly through Provincial Councils (one-third representing the Provincial Councils and one-third representing the District Councils) and one-third were appointed by the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
- Presidency of Afghanistan - The official website of the Office of the President of Afghanistan.
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