President of Laos

President of the Lao People's Democratic Republic
ປະທານປະເທດ ແຫ່ງ ສປປ ລາວ
Président du Laos
Emblem of Laos.svg
Bounnhang Vorachith 2016 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Bounnhang Vorachith

since 20 April 2016
Residence Presidential Palace, Vientiane
Appointer National Assembly
Term length Five years
Inaugural holder Prince Souphanouvong
Formation 2 December 1975
Deputy Vice President of Laos
Salary 1,170,000 Kip per month[1]
Emblem of Laos.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Lao People's Democratic Republic
Constitution
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The President of the Lao People's Democratic Republic is the head of state of Laos.

Powers

The president is elected by the National Assembly for a term of five years, with no term limits. A candidate must receive at least two-thirds support from lawmakers present and voting in order to be elected.

The president represents Laos internally and externally, supervises the work as well as preserving the stability of the national governmental system and safeguards the independence and territorial integrity of the country. The President appoints the prime minister, vice president, ministers and other officials with the consent of the National Assembly.

The head of state is the commander-in-chief of the Lao People's Armed Forces. Since Laos is a one-party state, with the Lao People's Revolutionary Party as the only legally permitted party, all the presidents of the People's Democratic Republic have been members of the party while holding office.

The current president is Bounnhang Vorachith, since 20 April 2016. He is also the General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, ranking him first in the Politburo hierarchy.[2]

Office

The office of the President of the People's Democratic Republic traces its lineage back to Prince Souphanouvong, the first President of the People's Democratic Republic, a member of the deposed royal family and one of the Three Princes, who became President when the former Kingdom of Laos was overthrow by the Pathet Lao in 1975, at the end of the Laotian Civil War.

Key

Political parties

List of presidents

No. President Term of office Political party Prime minister
(Tenure)
Portrait Name
(Lifespan)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Souphanouvong1978.jpg Prince
Souphanouvong

ສຸພານຸວົງ
(1909–1995)[a]
2 December
1975
15 August
1991
15 years, 256 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Kaysone Phomvihane 1978.jpg
Kaysone Phomvihane
(1975–1991)
Emblem of Laos 1975-1991.svg Phoumi Vongvichit
ພູມີ ວົງວິຈິດ
(1909–1994)
Acting President[b]
31 October
1986
15 August
1991
4 years, 288 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party
2 Kaysone Phomvihane 1978.jpg Kaysone Phomvihane
ໄກສອນ ພົມວິຫານ
(1920–1992)
15 August
1991
21 November
1992
1 year, 98 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Khamtai Siphandon.jpg
Khamtai Siphandon
(1991–1998)
3 Emblem of Laos.svg Nouhak Phoumsavanh
ໜູຮັກ ພູມສະຫວັນ
(1910–2008)
25 November
1992
24 February
1998
5 years, 91 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party
4 Khamtai Siphandon.jpg Khamtai Siphandon
ຄຳໄຕ ສີພັນດອນ
(born 1924)
24 February
1998
8 June
2006
8 years, 104 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Emblem of Laos.svg
Sisavath Keobounphanh
(1998–2001)
Bounnhang Vorachith 2016 (cropped).jpg
Bounnhang Vorachith
(2001–2006)
5 Choummaly Sayasone.jpg Choummaly Sayasone
ຈູມມະລີ ໄຊຍະສອນ
(born 1936)
8 June
2006
20 April
2016
9 years, 317 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Bouasone.jpg
Bouasone Bouphavanh
(2006–2010)
Thongsing Thammavong 2012.jpg
Thongsing Thammavong
(2010–2016)
6 Bounnhang Vorachith 2016 (cropped).jpg Bounnhang Vorachith
ບຸນຍັງ ວໍລະຈິດ
(born 1938)
20 April
2016
Incumbent 4 years, 205 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party Thongloun Sisoulith with Obamas cropped.jpg
Thongloun Sisoulith
(2016–)

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