List of presidents of Madagascar

President of the
Republic of Madagascar
Presidential Standard of Madagascar.svg
Presidential Standard
Incumbent
Andry Rajoelina

since 19 January 2019
Residence Iavoloha Palace
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Philibert Tsiranana
Formation 1 May 1959

This is a list of presidents of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of President in 1959, during the Malagasy Republic.

Key

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Denotes Acting President

List

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Malagasy Republic (within the French Community)
Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 1 May 1959 26 June 1960 1 year, 56 days PSD Position abolished
Malagasy Republic (independent country)
1 Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 26 June 1960 11 October 1972
(resigned.)[a]
12 years, 107 days 1965
1972
PSD Ramanantsoa
2 Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)[b]
Gabriel Ramanantsoa 1961.jpg 11 October 1972 5 February 1975
(resigned.)
2 years, 117 days 1972
(referendum)
Military Himself
Richard Ratsimandrava
(1931–1975)[b]
No image.png 5 February 1975 11 February 1975
(assassinated.)
6 days Military Position abolished
Gilles Andriamahazo
(1919–1989)[c]
No image.png 12 February 1975 15 June 1975 123 days Military
Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[d]
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 15 June 1975 30 December 1975 198 days Military
Democratic Republic of Madagascar
3 Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[e]
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 30 December 1975 12 January 1992 16 years, 13 days 1982
1989
Military /
AREMA
Rakotomalala
Rakotoniaina
Rakotoarijaona
Ramahatra
Razanamasy
Third Republic of Madagascar
3 Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 12 January 1992 27 March 1993 1 year, 74 days AREMA Razanamasy
4 Albert Zafy
(1927–2017)
President Albert Zafy.jpg 27 March 1993 5 September 1996
(resigned.)
3 years, 162 days 1992–93 UNDD Razanamasy
Ravony
Rakotovahiny
Ratsirahonana
Norbert Ratsirahonana
(1938–)
No image.png 5 September 1996 9 February 1997 157 days AVI Himself
3 Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 9 February 1997 (25 February 2002)[f]
15 July 2002
5 years, 146 days 1996 AREMA Ratsirahonana
Rakotomavo
Andrianarivo
Rasolondraibe
5 Marc Ravalomanana
(1949–)
Marc Ravalomanana 2005-04-19.jpg (22 February 2002)[g]
15 July 2002
17 March 2009
(deposed.)
6 years, 255 days 2001
2006
TIM Sylla
Rabemananjara
Hyppolite Ramaroson
(1951–)[h]
No image.png 17 March 2009
(several hours.)
0 days Military Position vacant
High Transitional Authority
Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)
Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg (7 February 2009)
17 March 2009
25 January 2014 4 years, 314 days TGV Roindefo
Mangalaza
Manorohanta
Vital
Beriziky
Fourth Republic of Madagascar
6 Hery Rajaonarimampianina
(1958–)
Hery Rajaonarimampianina 2014.jpg 25 January 2014 7 September 2018 4 years, 225 days 2013 HVM Beriziky
Kolo
Ranelonarivo
Solonandrasana
Ntsay
Rivo Rakotovao
(1960–)
No image.png 7 September 2018 19 January 2019 134 days HVM Ntsay
7 Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)
Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg 19 January 2019 Incumbent 204 days 2018 TGV Ntsay

See also

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