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Prime Minister of Norway
|Prime Minister of Norway|
|Norges statsminister (Bokmål)
Noregs statsminister (Nynorsk)
|Member of||Council of State|
|Reports to||The Storting|
|Nominator||The previous prime minister|
|Appointer||Monarch of Norway on the advice of the previous prime minister or the president of the Storting|
|Term length||No fixed term
Serves as long as the incumbent does not have the majority of the Storting against them.
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Norway|
|Inaugural holder||Peder Anker|
|Formation||17 May 1814|
|Deputy||Deputy Prime Minister|
|Salary||annual: 1,735,682 NOK|
|Website||Prime Minister's Office|
The prime minister of Norway (Norwegian: statsminister, which directly translates to "minister of state") is the head of government and chief executive of Norway. The prime minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the monarch, to the Storting (Parliament of Norway), to their political party, and ultimately the electorate. In practice, since it is nearly impossible for a government to stay in office against the will of the Storting, the prime minister is primarily answerable to the Storting. The prime minister is almost always the leader of the majority party in the Storting, or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition.
Norway has a constitution, which was adopted on 17 May 1814. The position of prime minister is the result of legislation. Modern prime ministers have few statutory powers, but provided they can command the support of their parliamentary party, they can control both the legislature and the executive (the cabinet) and hence wield considerable de facto powers. As of 2021, the prime minister of Norway is Jonas Gahr Støre, of the Labour Party, replacing Erna Solberg of Conservative Party, who resigned in October 2021.
Unlike their counterparts in the rest of Europe, Norwegian prime ministers do not have the option of advising the king to dissolve the Storting and call a snap election. The constitution requires that the Storting serve out its full four-year term. If the prime minister loses the confidence of the Storting, they must resign.
Longest-serving prime ministers
|Nr.||Prime minister||Party||Days||Years, months, days|
|1.||Einar Gerhardsen||Labour Party||6226||17 years and 17 days|
|2.||Johan Nygaardsvold||Labour Party||3750||10 years, 3 months and 5 days|
|3.||Gro Harlem Brundtland||Labour Party||3691||10 years, 1 month and 9 days|
|4.||Jens Stoltenberg||Labour Party||3518||9 years, 7 months and 17 days|
|5.||Gunnar Knudsen||Liberal Party||3383||9 years, 3 months and 4 days|
|6.||Erna Solberg||Conservative Party||2920||7 years, 11 months and 28 days|
|7.||Johan Ludwig Mowinckel||Liberal Party||2517||6 years, 10 months and 21 days|
|8.||Kjell Magne Bondevik||Christian Democratic Party||2341||6 years, 4 months and 29 days|
|9.||Johannes Steen||Liberal Party||2311||6 years, 3 months and 30 days|
|10.||Per Borten||Centre Party||1982||5 years, 5 months and 5 days|
|11.||Odvar Nordli||Labour Party||1847||5 years and 20 days|
Living former prime ministers
As of December 2021, five former prime ministers are alive:
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