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Prime Minister of Slovakia
|Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic
Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky
|Member of||European Council|
|Residence||Episcopal Summer Palace|
|Appointer||President of the Republic|
|Term length||Depending on the support of the National Council|
|Inaugural holder||Štefan Sádovský|
|Formation||2 January 1969|
|Salary||c. 61,919 € annually|
The Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: Premiér), is the head of the government of the Slovak Republic. On paper, the officeholder is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia after the President of the Republic (appointer) and Speaker of the National Council; in practice, the appointee is the country's leading political figure.
Since the creation of the office in 1969, thirteen persons have served as head of government. Since 1993, when Slovakia gained independence, six persons have occupied the function. On 21 March 2020, Igor Matovič became Prime Minister of Slovakia.
The office of Prime Minister of Slovakia was established in 1969 by the Constitutional Act on the Czechoslovak Federation. A similar office had existed from 1918 when various officials were presiding over executive bodies governing the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia or the Slovak State respectively. Since 1993, when the independent Slovak Republic was established, there have been six persons to hold the office. Since 2020, the Prime Minister of Slovakia has been Igor Matovič.
Powers and role
Since Slovakia is a parliamentary republic the Prime Minister is accountable to the National Council. The Slovak Constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each Prime Minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the Prime Minister loses the confidence, the President is obliged to dismiss him and designate a new Prime Minister or entrust the dismissed Prime Minister to act as a caretaker with limited powers.
The Prime Minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the Government. Although it is not the Prime Minister but the President who appoints Ministers in Cabinet, the President appoints Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia
Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: designovaný predseda vlády) is an unofficial title for a person who has been entrusted by the President of the Slovak Republic with forming a new government and replacing the outgoing Prime Minister. This title, as well as the authorization of the president to entrust the designated PM, is not set by an act but is a legal or, more precisely, constitutional tradition. According to this tradition, the President designates a person who has support of the majority of deputies in the National Council.
List of Prime Ministers of Slovakia
First Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)
Minister plenipotentiary for administration of Slovakia
- Vavro Šrobár (4 November 1918 – 14 November 1918)
Land President of Slovakia
- Ján Drobný (1 July 1928 – 1929)
- Jozef Országh (1929–1938)
- Julián Šimko (1938–1939)
Second Czechoslovak Republic (1938–1939)
Prime Ministers of the Autonomy Government of Slovakia
- Jozef Tiso (7 October 1938 – 9 March 1939)
- Jozef Sivák (9 March 1939 – 11 March 1939)
- Karol Sidor (11 March 1939 – 14 March 1939)
First Slovak Republic (1939–1945)
Prime Ministers of the First Slovak Republic
- Jozef Tiso (14 March 1939 – 17 October 1939)
- Vojtech Tuka (27 October 1939 – 5 September 1944)
- Štefan Tiso (5 September 1944 – 4 April 1945)
Third Czechoslovak Republic (1945–1948)
Chairman of the Board of Commissioners
Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1948–1989)
1 January 1969 – 5 March 1990: called "Slovak Socialist Republic" within Czechoslovakia.
Chairman of the Board of Commissioners
- Gustáv Husák (14 August 1946 – 4 May 1950)
- Karol Bacílek (4 May 1950 – 7 September 1951)
- Július Ďuriš (7 September 1951 – 31 January 1953)
- Rudolf Strechaj (31 January 1953 – 11 July 1960)
Chairman of the Slovak National Council
- Rudolf Strechaj (14 July 1960 – 28 July 1962)
- Jozef Lenárt (31 October 1962 – 20 March 1963)
- Michal Chudík (23 March 1963 – 29 December 1968)
Prime Ministers of the Slovak Socialist Republic
- Štefan Sádovský: 2 January 1969 – 5 May 1969
- Peter Colotka: 5 May 1969 – 12 October 1988
- Ivan Knotek: 13 October 1988 – 22 June 1989
- Pavel Hrivnák: 23 June 1989 – 8 December 1989
Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990–1992)
6 March 1990 – 31 December 1992: called "Slovak Republic" within Czechoslovakia.
Prime Ministers of the Slovak Republic
|KSČ ‹See Tfd› VPN ‹See Tfd› KDH ‹See Tfd›|
|Term of Office||Political Party||Cabinet||National Council|
|Took Office||Left Office||Days|
|10 December 1989||27 June 1990||197||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
|I||KSČ – VPN||5 ( ···· )|
|Public Against Violence
|27 June 1990||6 May 1991||299||Public Against Violence
|I||VPN – KDH – DS – MNI||6 (1990)|
|6 May 1991||24 June 1992||428||Christian Democratic Movement
|I||ODÚ – KDH – DS – MNI||6 ( ···· )|
Slovak Republic (1993–present)
From 1 January 1993 after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.
|#||Prime Minister||Date of birth||Age at inauguration
|Time in office
|Age at retirement
|Date of death||Longevity|
|1||Vladimír Mečiar||July 26, 1942||49 years, 334 days||5 years, 221 days||56 years, 96 days||Living||78 years, 59 days (Living)|
|2||Jozef Moravčík||March 19, 1945||49 years, 361 days||0 years, 273 days||50 years, 269 days||Living||75 years, 188 days (Living)|
|3||Mikuláš Dzurinda||February 4, 1955||43 years, 268 days||7 years, 247 days||51 years, 150 days||Living||65 years, 232 days (Living)|
|4||Robert Fico||September 15, 1964||41 years, 292 days||9 years, 356 days||53 years, 46 days||Living||56 years, 8 days (Living)|
|5||Iveta Radičová||December 7, 1956||53 years, 213 days||1 year, 271 days||55 years, 119 days||Living||63 years, 291 days (Living)|
|6||Peter Pellegrini||October 6, 1975||42 years, 167 days||1 year, 365 days||44 years, 166 days||Living||44 years, 353 days (Living)|
|7||Igor Matovič||May 11, 1973||46 years, 315 days||186 days (ongoing)||Incumbent||Living||47 years, 135 days (Living)|
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