Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta

Prince Emanuele Filiberto
Prince of Asturias
BATES-BATCHELLER (1911) p460 - the Duke of Aosta (14591008378).jpg
Duke of Aosta
Predecessor Prince Amedeo, 1st Duke
Successor Prince Amedeo, 3rd Duke
Born (1869-01-13)13 January 1869
Genoa
Died 4 July 1931(1931-07-04) (aged 62)
Turin
Burial
Spouse
( m.  1895)
Issue
Full name
Emanuele Filiberto Vittorio Eugenio Alberto Genova Giuseppe Maria
House Savoy-Aosta
Father Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta
Mother Princess Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, 6th Princess of the Cisterna
Military career
Nickname(s) The Undefeated Duke
Allegiance  Kingdom of Italy
Service/branch  Royal Italian Army
Rank Marshal of Italy
Commands held Italian Third Army
Battles/wars World War I

Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (Spanish: Manuel Filiberto; 13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was an Italian general and member of the House of Savoy, as the son of Amadeo I, and was also a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Filiberto was also commander of the Italian Third Army during World War I, which earned him the title of the "Undefeated Duke". After the war he became a Marshal of Italy.

Biography

He was born in Genoa, the eldest son of Prince Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta (second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II) and his first wife Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna. In 1870, Amadeo was elected King of Spain, but abdicated and returned to Italy in 1873. Amadeo died in 1890, and Emanuele Filiberto succeeded as Duke of Aosta.

He began his career in the Italian Army at Naples, in 1905, as commander. During World War I, he commanded the Italian Third Army, which gained the nickname of Armata invitta ("undefeated army"). Following the war he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Italy by Benito Mussolini in 1926.

Prince Emanuele Filiberto died in 1931 at Turin; in accordance with his will, he was buried in the military cemetery of Redipuglia, together with thousands of soldiers of the Third Army.

Named after him were:

Family and children

He was married in 25 June 1895 to Princess Hélène of Orléans (1871–1951). She was a daughter of Prince Philippe of Orléans and the Infanta Maria Isabel of Spain.

They had two sons:

Honours and awards

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ a b c Italia : Ministero dell'interno (1898). Calendario generale del Regno d'Italia. Unione tipografico-editrice. pp. 53, 55, 68.
  2. ^ a b "Di Savoia Emanuele Filiberto Duca di Aosta" (in Italian), Il sito ufficiale della Presidenza della Repubblica. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
  3. ^ "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Boettger, T. F. "Chevaliers de la Toisón d'Or - Knights of the Golden Fleece". La Confrérie Amicale. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b Justus Perthes, Almanach de Gotha (1913) p. 49
  6. ^ Royal Thai Government Gazette (19 September 1897). "พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ที่ประเทศยุโรป" (PDF) (in Thai). Retrieved 2019-05-08. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ Sveriges statskalender (in Swedish), 1905, p. 441, retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org
  8. ^ "No. 27454". The London Gazette. 15 July 1902. p. 4509.
  9. ^ Spanish Government Gazette (1930). "Guía oficial de España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-08-23. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • Encyclopædia Britannica (1950)
  • Hanson, Edward (2017). The Wandering Princess: Princess Helene of France, Duchess of Aosta (1871–1951). Fonthill. ISBN 978-1-78155-592-7.

External links

Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta
Born: 13 January 1869 Died: 4 July 1931
Spanish royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Alfonso (XII)
Prince of Asturias
1871–1873
Vacant
Title next held by
Isabella
Italian nobility
New creation Duke of Apulia
1869–1890
Succeeded by
Amedeo
Preceded by
Amedeo
Duke of Aosta
1890–1931
Preceded by
Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
Prince della Cisterna
1876–1931

Copyright