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Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta
|Prince Emanuele Filiberto|
|Prince of Asturias|
|Duke of Aosta|
|Predecessor||Prince Amedeo, 1st Duke|
|Successor||Prince Amedeo, 3rd Duke|
|Born||(1869-01-13)13 January 1869
|Died||4 July 1931(1931-07-04) (aged 62)
( m. 1895)
|Father||Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta|
|Mother||Princess Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, 6th Princess of the Cisterna|
|Nickname(s)||The Undefeated Duke|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Italy|
||Royal Italian Army|
|Rank||Marshal of Italy|
|Commands held||Italian Third Army|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (Spanish: Manuel Filiberto; 13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was an Italian general and member of the House of Savoy, as the son of Amadeo I, and was also a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Filiberto was also commander of the Italian Third Army during World War I, which earned him the title of the "Undefeated Duke". After the war he became a Marshal of Italy.
He was born in Genoa, the eldest son of Prince Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta (second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II) and his first wife Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna. In 1870, Amadeo was elected King of Spain, but abdicated and returned to Italy in 1873. Amadeo died in 1890, and Emanuele Filiberto succeeded as Duke of Aosta.
He began his career in the Italian Army at Naples, in 1905, as commander. During World War I, he commanded the Italian Third Army, which gained the nickname of Armata invitta ("undefeated army"). Following the war he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Italy by Benito Mussolini in 1926.
Named after him were:
- the Duke of Aosta Bridge in Rome, built in 1942
- a bridge on the Piave at Jesolo, inaugurated in 1927
- a street in Rome
- the cruiser Emanuele Filiberto Duca d'Aosta, which was given to the Soviet Union after World War II
Family and children
They had two sons:
- Amedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta (21 October 1898 – 3 March 1942); married Princess Anne of Orléans.
- Aimone, 4th Duke of Aosta, who briefly reigned as King Tomislav II of Croatia (9 March 1900 – 29 January 1948); married Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark.
Honours and awards
- Kingdom of Italy:
- German Empire: Knight of the Black Eagle
- Siam: Knight of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri, 1 June 1897
- Sweden-Norway: Knight of the Seraphim, 18 September 1897
- United Kingdom: Stranger Knight of the Garter, 15 July 1902
- Spain: Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III, with Collar, 28 December 1923
- Italia : Ministero dell'interno (1898). Calendario generale del Regno d'Italia. Unione tipografico-editrice. pp. 53, 55, 68.
- "Di Savoia Emanuele Filiberto Duca di Aosta" (in Italian), Il sito ufficiale della Presidenza della Repubblica. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Boettger, T. F. "Chevaliers de la Toisón d'Or - Knights of the Golden Fleece". La Confrérie Amicale. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- Justus Perthes, Almanach de Gotha (1913) p. 49
Royal Thai Government Gazette (19 September 1897). "พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ที่ประเทศยุโรป" (PDF) (in Thai). Retrieved 2019-05-08. Cite journal requires
- Sveriges statskalender (in Swedish), 1905, p. 441, retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org
- "No. 27454". The London Gazette. 15 July 1902. p. 4509.
Spanish Government Gazette (1930). "Guía oficial de España" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-08-23. Cite journal requires
- Encyclopædia Britannica (1950)
- Hanson, Edward (2017). The Wandering Princess: Princess Helene of France, Duchess of Aosta (1871–1951). Fonthill. ISBN 978-1-78155-592-7.
Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of AostaBorn: 13 January 1869 Died: 4 July 1931
Title last held byAlfonso (XII)
| Prince of Asturias
Title next held byIsabella
|New creation|| Duke of Apulia
| Duke of Aosta
Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
| Prince della Cisterna
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