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In computing, a processor or processing unit is an electronic circuit which performs operations on some external data source, usually memory or some other data stream. The term is frequently used to refer to the central processor (central processing unit) in a system, but typical computer systems (especially SoCs) combine a number of specialised "processors".
- CPU – central processing unit
- GPU – graphics processing unit
- VPU – vision processing unit
- TPU – tensor processing unit
- NPU – neural processing unit
- PPU – physics processing unit
- DSP – digital signal processor
- ISP – image signal processor
- SPU or SPE – synergistic processing element in the Cell microprocessor
- FPGA – field-programmable gate array
- sound chip
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