Qajar dynasty

Qajar dynasty
Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg
Parent house Qoyunlu line of Qajars tribe
Country Sublime State of Persia
Founded 1789
Founder Agha Mohammad Shah (1789–1797)
Final ruler Ahmad Shah (1909–1925)
Titles Shah of Iran
Deposition 1925
Cadet branches Bahmani family

The Qajar dynasty (About this soundlisten ; Persian: سلسله قاجارSelsele-ye Qājār, Azerbaijani: Qacarlar قاجارلر)[a] was an Iranian[1] royal dynasty of Turkic origin,[2][3][4][5] specifically from the Qajar tribe, ruling over Iran from 1789 to 1925.[6][7] The Qajar family took full control of Iran in 1794, deposing Lotf 'Ali Khan, the last Shah of the Zand dynasty, and re-asserted Iranian sovereignty over large parts of the Caucasus. In 1796, Mohammad Khan Qajar seized Mashhad with ease,[8] putting an end to the Afsharid dynasty, and Mohammad Khan was formally crowned as Shah after his punitive campaign against Iran's Georgian subjects.[9] In the Caucasus, the Qajar dynasty permanently lost many of Iran's integral areas[10] to the Russians over the course of the 19th century, comprising modern-day Georgia, Dagestan, Azerbaijan and Armenia.[11]

Qajar Shahs of Iran, 1789–1925

Name Portrait Title Born-Died Entered office Left office
1 Mohammad Khan Qajar Mohammad Khan Qajar.jpg Khan[12]
Shah[12]
1742–1797 1789[13] 17 June 1797
2 Fat′h-Ali Shah Qajar Fath Ali Shah by Charles Heath.jpg Shahanshah[12]
Khaqan[12]
1772–1834 17 June 1797 23 October 1834
3 Mohammad Shah Qajar Mohammadshah.jpg Khaqan son of Khaqan[12] 1808–1848 23 October 1834 5 September 1848
4 Naser al-Din Shah Qajar Nāser al-Dīn Schah.jpg Zell'ollah (Shadow of God [on earth])[12]
Qebleh-ye 'ālam (Pivot of the Universe)[12]
Islampanah (Refuge of Islam)[12]
1831–1896 5 September 1848 1 May 1896
5 Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar Mozaffar-ed-Din Shah Qajar - 1.jpg 1853–1907 1 May 1896 3 January 1907
6 Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar Mohammad Ali Shah.jpg 1872–1925 3 January 1907 16 July 1909
7 Ahmad Shah Qajar AhmadShahQajar2.jpg 1898–1930 16 July 1909 31 October 1925

Qajar imperial family

The Qajar Imperial Family in exile is currently headed by the eldest descendant of Mohammad Ali Shah, Sultan Mohammad Ali Mirza Qajar, while the Heir Presumptive to the Qajar throne is Mohammad Hassan Mirza II, the grandson of Mohammad Hassan Mirza, Sultan Ahmad Shah's brother and heir. Mohammad Hassan Mirza died in England in 1943, having proclaimed himself shah in exile in 1930 after the death of his brother in France.

Today, the descendants of the Qajars often identify themselves as such and hold reunions to stay socially acquainted through the Kadjar (Qajar) Family Association,[14] often coinciding with the annual conferences and meetings of the International Qajar Studies Association (IQSA). The Kadjar (Qajar) Family Association was founded for a third time in 2000. Two earlier family associations were stopped because of political pressure. The offices and archives of IQSA are housed at the International Museum for Family History in Eijsden.

Titles and styles

The shah and his consort were styled Imperial Majesty. Their children were addressed as Imperial Highness, while male-line grandchildren were entitled to the lower style of Highness; all of them bore the title of Shahzadeh or Shahzadeh Khanoum.[15]

Qajar dynasty since 1925

Heads of the Qajar Imperial Family

The headship of the Imperial Family is inherited by the eldest male descendant of Mohammad Ali Shah.

Heirs Presumptive of the Qajar dynasty

The Heir Presumptive is the Qajar heir to the Persian throne.

Notable members

Politics
Military
Social work
Business

Religion

Women's rights
  • Princess Mohtaram Eskandari, intellectual and pioneering figures in Iranian women's movement.[16]
  • Dr. Iran Teymourtash (Légion d'honneur) (1914–1991), journalist, editor and publisher of the newspaper Rastakhiz, founder of an association for helping destitute women. Daughter of court minister Abdolhossein Teymourtash and through both her maternal grandparents a Qajar.[17]
Literature
Entertainment

Family tree

Mothers of Qajar Shahs

See also

Copyright