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Qingming (solar term)
|Literal meaning||clear and bright|
|Vietnamese alphabet||thanh minh|
|315°||Lichun||4 – 5 February|
|345°||Jingzhe||5 – 6 March|
|15°||Qingming||4 – 5 April|
|45°||Lixia||5 – 6 May|
|75°||Mangzhong||5 – 6 June|
|105°||Xiaoshu||7 – 8 July|
|135°||Liqiu||7 – 8 August|
|165°||Bailu||7 – 8 September|
|195°||Hanlu||8 – 9 October|
|225°||Lidong||7 – 8 November|
|255°||Daxue||7 – 8 December|
|285°||Xiaohan||5 – 6 January|
Qīngmíng, Seimei, Cheongmyeong, or Thanh minh is the name of the 5th solar term of the traditional East Asian lunisolar calendar, which divides a year into 24 solar terms (t. 節氣/s. 节气). In space partitioning, Qingming begins when the sun reaches the celestial longitude of 15° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 30°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 15°, usually on April 5.
Compared to the space partitioning theory, in the time division theory Qingming falls around April 7 or approximately 106.5 days after winter equinox. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around 4 or 5 April and ends around 20 April.
Each solar term can be divided into 3 pentads (候). They are: first pentad (初候), second pentad (次候) and last pentad (末候). Pentads in Qingming include:
- First pentad: 桐始華/桐始华, 'The paulownia begins to bloom'.
- Second pentad: 田鼠化為鴽/田鼠化为鴽, 'Voles(you) transform into quails'.
- Last pentad: 虹始見/虹始见, 'Rainbows begin to appear'.
- First pentad: 玄鳥至 (tsubame itaru), 'The swallow flies back from the south'.
- Second pentad: 鴻雁北 (kōgan kitae kaeru), 'The goose migrates to the north'.
- Last pentad: 虹始見 (niji hajimete arawaru), 'Rainbows begin to appear in the sky after shower'.
Date and time
|辛巳||2001-04-04 17:24||2001-04-20 00:35|
|壬午||2002-04-04 23:18||2002-04-20 06:20|
|癸未||2003-04-05 04:52||2003-04-20 12:02|
|甲申||2004-04-04 10:43||2004-04-19 17:50|
|乙酉||2005-04-04 16:34||2005-04-19 23:37|
|丙戌||2006-04-04 22:15||2006-04-20 05:26|
|丁亥||2007-04-05 04:04||2007-04-20 11:07|
|戊子||2008-04-04 09:45||2008-04-19 16:51|
|己丑||2009-04-04 15:33||2009-04-19 22:44|
|庚寅||2010-04-04 21:30||2010-04-20 04:29|
|辛卯||2011-04-05 03:11||2011-04-20 10:17|
|壬辰||2012-04-04 09:05||2012-04-19 16:12|
|癸巳||2013-04-04 15:02||2013-04-19 22:03|
|甲午||2014-04-04 20:46||2014-04-20 03:55|
|Source: JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System|
- "24 Sekki". Glossary. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- Matsukawa, Mitsuharu. "24 Sekkis, or Twenty-Four Japanese Small Seasons". Nagoya University. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- East Asian cultural sphere
- Qingming Festival (清明節/清明节), festival celebrated on the day of Qīngmíng
- Cold Food Festival (寒食節/寒食节), three-day festival starting one day before and ending one day after Qīngmíng
- Along the River During the Qingming Festival
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