Rýmařov

Rýmařov
Town
View of Rýmařov
View of Rýmařov
Flag of Rýmařov
Flag
Coat of arms of Rýmařov
Coat of arms
Rýmařov is located in Czech Republic
Rýmařov
Rýmařov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°55′55″N 17°16′19″E / 49.93194°N 17.27194°E / 49.93194; 17.27194Coordinates: 49°55′55″N 17°16′19″E / 49.93194°N 17.27194°E / 49.93194; 17.27194
Country  Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Bruntál
First mentioned 1351
Government
 • Mayor Luděk Šimko
Area
 • Total 60.7 km2 (23.4 sq mi)
Elevation
555 m (1,821 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01 [1])
 • Total 8,181
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
792 01, 795 01
Website www.rymarov.cz

Rýmařov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈriːmar̝of]; German: Römerstadt) is a town in the Bruntál District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 8,200 inhabitants.

Administrative parts

Villages of Edrovice, Harrachov, Jamartice, Janovice, Ondřejov and Stránské are administrative parts of Rýmařov.

History

Until 1918, Römerstadt was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district of the same name, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia.[2] The post-office was opened in June 1850, succeeding to that of Janowitz.[3]

In December 1930, the town had 6,108 inhabitants.

In 1938, it was occupied by the Nazi army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland.

On May 17, 1939, there were 5,859 inhabitants. About 98% of the town's population were German-speaking. However, in execution of the Beneš decrees, the entire German population, with the exception of a few skilled workers, was forcibly deported to Germany and Austria. Accordingly, on the morning of August 5, 1945, citizens of the town were ordered to be ready for deportation by noon.[4] On May 22, 1947 there were 4,230 inhabitants again. Today the town, renamed Rýmařov, is overwhelmingly Czech-speaking.

Sights

Chapel of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, also known as the chapel in Linden (Lipkach), is a very important Barroque building designed by architect Friedrich Höslera and erected between 1713 and 1715. It contains frescoes by the famous masters Ferdinand Naboth and Johann Christoph Handke, Olomouc painter native of Janovice. In the foreground of the chapel is the statue of Our Lady of Victory from 1774 and a folk sculpture of the crucifixion from 1812.

Town hall on the main square

Town Hall is the most architectural structure of the town with elements of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Classical style. It dates from the early 15th century, being now a protected archaeological site. A big blow for the town was a terrible Easter fire occurred in 1790, when part of the structure and the tower collapsed. Several years of restoration works, which ended in 1818, gave the town hall its present classical appearance. The last renovation work took place between 1991 and 1994.

Above the entrance there is a coat of arms from 1844, however by mistake it was incorrectly flipped, being that the "jumping wolf" should aim at the opposite direction. The heraldic emblem is bound with the legend of this evil wolf.

On the western part of the main square it is also worth noting the Plague Column from 1683 with the sculpture of the Virgin Mary by Francis Leblose of Olomouc with the coat of arms of Ditrichštejn and Hoffmannof Grunbuchl. It was erected at the expense of Maria Elisabeth Richtenstein in memory of the plague epidemic that struck Rýmařov in the 1680s. The statue underwent restoration in 1993.

Church of St. Michael is a Roman Catholic parish Renaissance structure with a three-piece construction with an older late Gothic core from the years 1351-1360. The interior of the church is decorated with paintings of Johann Christoph Handke.

Parsonage is a valuable Renaissance building from the 16th century, before the top office.

Statue of Virgin Mary Immaculate, which originally stood in a park by a crumbling castle in Janovice and was moved to Rýmařov at its present site in 2010, is located in the vicinity of the parish.

Calvary is located on the left side of the road from the Rýmařov to Bruntál.

Statue of St. John of Nepomuk is a 1736 sandstone sculptural work by Severin Tischler.

Museums

Municipal Museum is an institution with rich collections tracing the history of the region from the earliest prehistoric settlements to the first half of the 20th century. It was founded in 1901 by a local businessman and representative named Wilhelm Ludwig. The place offers a number of exhibitions on the development of metal mining, and textile industry.

The museum also worked as a fortified administrative center and the town's castle between the 13th and 15th centuries, gold smelter between the 13th and 14th centuries, the seat of the royal reeve during the second half of the 14th century, meat market in the 15th century, and pottery for goods painted in white between the 16th and 17th centuries. Its permanent exhibition is rich in geological mapping in the field of rock composition of southern Jeseník, also operating the Octopus Gallery.

Museum of Touristic Marks lies in the local area of Janovice. Freely accessible exposition, following the newly formed La Skála Amphitheater.

Notable people

  • Adam Gilg (1651–1710?), Jesuit missionary in Mexico
  • Johann Christoph Handke (1694–1774), Baroque painter
  • Eugen Jettel (1845–1901), Austrian painter
  • Otto Marburg (1874–1948), Austrian neurologist
  • Franz Orlet (1882–1957), writer, artist
  • Karl Schinzel (1886–1951), Austrian engineer, chemist and inventor
  • František Vaňák (1916–1991), theologian, Archbishop of Olomouc
  • Wilfried König (1939–2004), German chemist
  • Jiří Meitner (born 1958), painter
  • Hana Marvanová (born 1962), lawyer and politician
  • Tomáš Ujfaluši (born 1978), footballer
  • Ivana Uhlířová (born 1980), actress

Mayors

  • 1896–1899 Hermann Franke
  • 1899–1903 Adolf Steffan
  • 1903–1907 Leopold Rösner
  • 1907–1907 Alois Kutschker
  • 1907–1910 Josef Rücker
  • 1910–1919 Max Springer
  • 1919–1922 Albin Oppler
  • 1922–1938 Viktor Habermann
  • 1938–1942 Gröger
  • 1942–1945 Karl Kloss
  • 1946–1947 Ladislav Dragoun
  • 1947–1948 Antonín Malínek
  • 1948–1949 Josef Študent
  • 1949 Richard Plesník
  • 1949–1951 Jaroslav Vávra
  • 1951–1952 Jaroslav Crhonek
  • 1952–1954 Ondřej Rozbroj
  • 1954–1957 Vladimír Liebars
  • 1957–1960 Jaroslav Crhonek
  • 1960–1970 Karel Sklenář
  • 1970–1985 Jiří Toman
  • 1985–1989 Oldřich Vaníček
  • 1989–1994 Miroslav Slováček
  • 1994–2002 Pavel Kolář
  • 2002–2019 Petr Klouda
  • 2019– Luděk Šimko

Twin towns – sister cities

Rýmařov is twinned with:[5]

References

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  3. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin Mueller, 1961.
  4. ^ . Dokumentation der Vertreibung der Deutschen aus Ost-Mitteleuropa (in German). IV. p. 375. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "Partnerská města". rymarov.cz (in Czech). Město Rýmařov. Retrieved 2020-09-25.

External links

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