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Rico Rodriguez (musician)
Rodriguez at GuilFest 2012
|Birth name||Emmanuel Rodriguez|
|Also known as||Reco, El Reco|
|Born||(1934-10-17)17 October 1934
|Died||4 September 2015(2015-09-04) (aged 80)
|Associated acts||The Specials, Jools Holland's Rhythm and Blues Orchestra|
Emmanuel "Rico" Rodriguez MBE (17 October 1934 – 4 September 2015), also known as Rico, Reco or El Reco, was a Cuban-born Jamaican ska and reggae trombonist. He recorded with producers such as Karl Pitterson, Prince Buster, and Lloyd Daley. He was known as one of the first ska musicians. Beginning in the 1960s, he worked with The Members, the Specials, Jools Holland, and Paul Young.
Rodriguez was born in Havana, Cuba, and at an early age moved with his family to Jamaica. He grew up there in Kingston, and was taught to play the trombone by his slightly older schoolmate Don Drummond at the Alpha Boys School. In the 1950s, Rodriguez became a Rastafarian and was closely associated musically to the rasta drummer Count Ossie.
In 1961 Rodriguez moved to the UK, where he joined live bands such as Georgie Fame's Blue Flames and started to play in reggae bands. Rodriguez He also began recording with his own band, Rico's All Stars, and later formed the group Rico and the Rudies, recording the 1969 albums Blow Your Horn and Brixton Cat. In 1976 he recorded the album Man from Wareika under a contract with Island Records. In the late 1970s, he recorded a song called Offshore Banking Business with The Members and with the arrival of the 2 Tone genre, he played with ska revival bands such as The Specials including their single "A Message to You, Rudy".
In 1982, he returned to Jamaica to retire from performing professionally; however, in 1987 he returned to tour with the Heart Beat Band, and between 1992 and 1995 he would also play with Jazz Jamaica, as well as with Linton Kwesi Johnson during this era.
In 1995 Island Records released the album Roots to the Bone, an updated version of Rodriguez's earlier work Man from Wareika. From 1996, among other engagements, he played with Jools Holland's Rhythm and Blues Orchestra and also performed at various ska festivals throughout Europe with his own band. He retired from performing with Jools Holland in 2012.
He was awarded an MBE (Member of the Order of the British Empire) at Buckingham Palace on 12 July 2007, for services to music. In October 2012 he was awarded the Silver Musgrave Medal by the Institute of Jamaica in recognition of his contribution to Jamaican music.
A tribute to the legend performed by Youthsayers alongside Jerry Dammers was performed at Lambeth Country Show, 2016 to a crowd of 80,000. In memory of Rico, they played his song "Africa".
- Reco In Reggae Land (Paying Tribute To Don Drummond), Pama Records (1969)
- Man From Wareika, Island Records (1976)
- Wareika Dub, Ghetto Rockers (1977)
- That Man Is Forward, 2 Tone Records (1981)
- Jama Rico, 2 Tone Records (1982)
- Rising In The East, Jove Music (1994)
- Return From Wareika Hill, Alpha Enterprise (1994)
- You Must Be Crazy (live, as Rico & His Band), Grover Records (1994)
- Wonderful World, Quattro, (1995)
- Get Up Your Foot, (as Rico & His Band), Grover Records, (2000)
- Going West, (as Rico & Friends), Creole Records (2002)
- Togetherness, (as Rico Rodriguez & Roots To The Bone Band), Subterrannia Discos (2005)
- Japa-Rico - Rico Rodoriguez Meets Japan, Sony Music (2006)
- Wareika Vibes, Jamdown (2006)
- List of reggae musicians
- List of ska musicians
- List of jazz trombonists
- Island Records discography
- Ska jazz
- Harp, Justin. "The Specials trombonist Rico Rodriguez dies, aged, 80 - Music News". Digital Spy. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Rico Rodriguez". AllMusic. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
- Campbell, Howard (2012) "Rico Rodriguez: Man From Wareika", Jamaica Observer, 22 June 2012; retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "Musgrave For Rico Rodriguez", The Jamaica Gleaner, 9 October 2012.
- Campbell, Howard (2012) "Trombonist Rico Rodriguez gets his due", Jamaica Observer, 11 October 2012; retrieved 11 October 2012.
- David Katz, "Remembering pioneering trombonist Rico Rodriguez", Fact Magazine, 7 September 2015.
- The Queens list for 2007, p. 83.
- Kevin Rawlinson (4 September 2015). "The Specials trombonist Rico Rodriguez dies aged 80". The Guardian. London.
- "Rico Rodriguez: The Specials' trombonist dies aged 80". BBC News. 5 September 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Luke Morgan Britton (5 September 2015). "The Specials trombonist Rico Rodriguez dies aged 80". NME. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
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