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Emperor Ningzong of Yuan
|14th Khagan of the Mongol Empire
(Nominal due to the empire's division)
Emperor of China
(10th Emperor of the Yuan dynasty)
|Emperor of the Yuan dynasty|
|Reign||October 23, 1332 – December 14, 1332|
|Coronation||October 23, 1332|
|Predecessor||Jayaatu Khan Tugh Temür|
|Successor||Ukhaghatu Khan Toghon Temür|
|Born||May 1, 1326|
|Died||December 14, 1332(1332-12-14) (aged 6)
Dadu, Yuan China
|Mother||Babusha of the Naiman|
Rinchinbal (Chinese: 懿璘質班; Mongolian: Ринчинбал, romanized: Rinčinbal; Middle Mongolian: ᠷᠢᠨᠴᠢᠨᠪᠠᠯ, romanized: Rinčinbal, from Old Tibetan: རིན་ཆེན་དཔལ་, romanized: rin chen dpal), also known by the temple name Ningzong (Emperor Ningzong of Yuan, Chinese: 元寧宗; May 1, 1326 – December 14, 1332), was a son of Kuśala who was briefly installed to the throne of the Yuan dynasty of China, but died soon after he was installed to the throne. Apart from Emperor of China, he is also considered the 14th Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, although it was only nominal due to the division of the empire.
He was the second son of Kuśala (Emperor Mingzong) and a younger brother of Toghun Temür (Emperor Huizong). His mother was Babusha of the Naiman tribe, who met Kusala when he lived in exile in Central Asia under the Chagatai Khanate.
When his father Kuśala died and was succeeded by his younger brother Tugh Temür (who is thought to have poisoned Kuśala), Rinchinbal was appointed to Prince of Fu. Tugh Temur made his son Aratnadara heir apparent in January 1331. In order to secure her son's throne, Tugh Temur's Khatun Budashiri executed Rinchinbal's mother, Babusha, and exiled Toghan Temur to Korea. These proved unnecessary, however, Aratnadara died one month after his designation as heir.
Although Tugh Temür had a son named El Tegüs when he died in 1332, it is said that on his deathbed the Khagan expressed remorse for what he had done to his elder brother and his intention to pass the throne to Toghan Temur, Kusala's eldest son, instead of his own son. The grand councilor El Temür resisted letting Kuśala's eldest son Toghun Temür accede to the throne since he was suspected of having poisoned his father Kuśala. When Tugh Temur's widow and El Tegüs's mother Budashiri Khatun respected Tugh Temür's will of making Kuśala's son succeed the throne, the 6 year old Rinchinbal was chosen. While Toghun Temür was kept far away from the capital Dadu, Rinchinbal was in Dadu and had become favored by Tugh Temür. Rinchinbal was enthroned as the new emperor on October 23, 1332, but he died on December 14.
- Yuan shi, 34. p. 754.
- Yuan shi, 34. p. 774.
- Herbert Franke, Denis Twitchett, John King Fairbank-The Cambridge History of China: Alien regimes and border states, 907–1368, p. 557.
- Jeremiah Curtin-The Mongols: A history, p. 392.
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