Zuari River

Zuari River
Zuari, Goa India.jpg
Country India
State Goa
Physical characteristics
 • location
Arabian Sea, India
Length 34 km (21 mi)
 • average 103 m3/s (3,600 cu ft/s)

The Zuari River Zuvari, pronounced [zuwəːriː]) is the largest river in the state of Goa, India. It is a tidal river which originates at Hemad-Barshem in the Western Ghats. The Zuari is also referred to as the Aghanashani in the interior regions. It flows in the southern-western direction through the talukas of Tiswadi, Ponda, Mormugao, Salcete, Sanguem and Quepem.

Zuari is 92 km long, but is connected to other rivers and canals such as Mandovi river (62 km in length) and Cumbarjua Canal (15 km).[1] The other rivers in Goa are shorter such as Terekhol (22 km), Chapora (29 km), Baga (5 km), Sal (16 km), Talpona (11 km), and Galgibag (4 km). Their lengths and widths vary with tidal and other seasonal flooding.[2] The tributaries of Zuari include Kushawati River, Sanguem River and Uguem River.

The Zuari and Mandovi Rivers form an estuarine system.[3][4] They are the backbone of Goa's agricultural industry. The Cumbarjua Canal, linking the two rivers has enabled ships navigate to the interior regions to the iron ore mines. The waters of the Mandovi and Zuari both flush out into the Arabian Sea at Cabo Aguada, a common point forming the Mormugao harbour. The port city of Vasco da Gama, Goa lies on the mouth of the Zuari River.


  1. ^ Pawar Anant, Study of Mangrove flora along the Zuari River, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, Vol. 1(5), 35-39, December (2012)
  2. ^ Dehadrai, P. V. (1970, August), Changes in the environmental features of the Zuari and Mandovi estuaries in relation to tides, In Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Section B (Vol. 72, No. 2, pp. 68-80), Springer India
  3. ^ Qasim, S. Z., & Sen Gupta, R. (1981). Environmental characteristics of the Mandovi-Zuari estuarine system in Goa. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 13(5), 557-578
  4. ^ Shetye, S. R., Gouveia, A. D., Singbal, S. Y., Naik, C. G., Sundar, D., Michael, G. S., & Nampoothiri, G. (1995). Propagation of tides in the Mandovi-Zuari estuarine network. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 104(4), 667-682

Coordinates: 15°25′N 73°54′E / 15.417°N 73.900°E / 15.417; 73.900