Robert, Count of Clermont

Robert
Count of Clermont
Robert Beatrix.jpg
Robert and his wife Beatrice
Born 1256
Died 7 February 1317 (aged 60–61)
Spouse Beatrice of Burgundy
Issue Louis I, Duke of Bourbon
Blanche, Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne
John of Charolais
Mary of Clermont, Prioress of Poissy
Peter of Clermont, Archdeacon of Paris
Margaret, Countess of Andria, Marchioness of Namur
House Capet
Bourbon (founder)
Father Louis IX of France
Mother Margaret of Provence

Robert of Clermont (1256 – 7 February 1317) was a French prince du sang who was created Count of Clermont in 1268. He was the son of King Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence.[1]

Early life

Robert's godfather, chosen by Louis IX, was Humbert of Romans, the Dominican Master of the Order at the time of Robert's birth.[2]

Marriage and children

In 1272, Robert married Beatrice of Burgundy, heiress of Bourbon[3] and had the following issue:

Health problems

During his first joust, in 1279, Robert suffered head injuries which rendered him an invalid for the remainder of his life.[4]

Written records

Robert is mentioned in the prologue of the Coutumes de Beauvaisis by Philippe de Beaumanoir.[5]

Death

He was buried in the now-demolished church of the Couvent des Jacobins in Paris.

Legacy

Robert is considered the founder of the House of Bourbon, a family which, with the passing of centuries came to reign as kings of Navarre (1572-1830), kings of France (1589–1848; due to the extinction of all legitimate agnatic progeny of all his elder brothers), kings of Spain (1700–1808 ; 1813–1868 ; 1874–1931 and 1975–present), kings of the Two Sicilies (1735–1860), dukes of Parma (1748–1796 and 1847–1859) and grand dukes of Luxembourg (1964–present).

Depictions in fiction

Robert is a supporting character in Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings), a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon. He was portrayed by Alexandre Rignault in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, and by Ioan Siminie in the 2005 adaptation.

See also

References

  1. ^ Bourbon, John Bell Henneman Jr., Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, Ed. William W. Kibler, (Routledge, 1995), 138.
  2. ^ Brett, E.T., Humbert of Romans, (PIMS, 1984), 37
  3. ^ Bourbon, John Bell Henneman Jr., Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, 138.
  4. ^ Keen, Maurice (1984). "The Rise of the Tournament". Chivalry. Yale University Press. pp. 87. ISBN 0-300-03360-5.
  5. ^ de Beaumanoir, Philippe (1899–1900). "Prologues". Coutumes de Beauvaisis. Alphonse Picard et Fils, Éditeurs. pp. 2.
Robert, Count of Clermont
Born: 1256 Died: 7 February 1317
Preceded by
Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
1268–1317
Succeeded by

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