Robert G. Neumann

Robert G. Neumann
United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia
In office
June 22, 1981 – July 16, 1981
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by John C. West
Succeeded by Richard W. Murphy
United States Ambassador to Morocco
In office
October 30, 1973 – March 11, 1976
President Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Preceded by Stuart W. Rockwell
Succeeded by Robert Anderson
United States Ambassador to Afghanistan
In office
February 19, 1967 – September 10, 1973
President Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
Preceded by John M. Steeves
Succeeded by Theodore L. Eliot, Jr.
Personal details
Robert Gerhard Neumann

(1916-01-02)January 2, 1916
Vienna, Austria
Died June 18, 1999(1999-06-18) (aged 83)
Bethesda, Maryland
Political party Republican[1]
Children Ronald E. Neumann
Alma mater University of Michigan
Profession Diplomat, Professor

Robert Gerhard Neumann (January 2, 1916 – June 18, 1999) was an American politician and diplomat who served as ambassador to Afghanistan, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia.


Born in Vienna, Austria, Neumann received degrees from the University of Rennes, the Consular Academy of Austria, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland (formerly Institut universitaire de hautes études internationales, HEI) and the University of Michigan (Ph.D. 1946). During his studies in Geneva, Neumann was arrested by the Nazis and spent two years in a concentration camp. Upon his release, he left for America, where in 1940 he received a Master of Arts from Amherst College.

After a brief stint teaching at the State Teachers' College in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, Neumann enlisted and served during World War II. Upon his return, he took up a job teaching political science at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. In 1946 he earned his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota.

The following year he took a post at the University of California at Los Angeles, where he eventually became a tenured professor.

Diplomatic career

In 1966 he was named by President Lyndon B. Johnson as ambassador to Afghanistan. At the time, the position was not necessarily a permanent one, and Neumann was granted a leave of absence from UCLA. However, by 1970, Neumann felt compelled to remain at work at the Embassy, and resigned his professorship at the school.

After serving in Afghanistan, Neumann became the ambassador to Morocco in 1973. Upon his return to Washington, D.C. in 1976, he began teaching again at Georgetown University, while taking the director's helm of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy.

In 1981, Neumann was once again called into the diplomatic community, this time as Ronald Reagan's ambassador to Saudi Arabia. However, he abruptly resigned that same year due to a personal conflict with then-Secretary of State Alexander Haig. He remained a fellow at Georgetown University until his retirement in the early 1990s.

Neumann died in 1999 in Bethesda, Maryland at the age of 83.


His son, Ronald E. Neumann, also became an American ambassador and a deputy assistant secretary of state.


External links

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
John M. Steeves
United States Ambassador to Afghanistan
1966 – 1973
Succeeded by
Theodore L. Eliot, Jr.
Preceded by
Stuart W. Rockwell
United States Ambassador to Morocco
1973 – 1974
Succeeded by
Robert Anderson
Preceded by
John Carl West
United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia
Succeeded by
Richard W. Murphy

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