Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro

Archdiocese of Jaro

Archdiocesis Jarensis

Arkidiyosesis sang Jaro
Arquidiócesis de Jaro
Archdiocese of Jaro coat of arms.svg
Archdiocesan arms
Location
Country  Philippines
Ecclesiastical province Jaro
Statistics
Area 5,303 km2 (2,047 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics (including non-members)
(as of 2013)
2,867,713
2,460,470 (85.8%)
Information
Denomination Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established
  • 1587 (Parish of Jaro)
  • May 27, 1865 (Diocese)
  • June 29, 1951 (Archdiocese)
Cathedral Jaro Cathedral (Cathedral of St Elizabeth of Hungary) (National Shrine of Our Lady of Candles) Jaro, Iloilo City
Patron saint
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Jose Romeo Lazo
Map
Jurisdiction of the metropolitan see of Jaro within the Philippines.
Jurisdiction of the metropolitan see of Jaro within the Philippines.

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church headquartered in Jaro, Iloilo City, the Philippines. It is based with the Jaro Cathedral (officially the Metropolitan Cathedral of St. Elizabeth of Hungary, also the National Shrine of Our Lady of Candles) as its seat.[1]

The Archdiocese of Jaro is one of the oldest episcopal sees in the country. It was established as a parish in 1587 and was elevated to a diocese by a papal bull of Pope Pius IX on May 27, 1865,[2] according to a document signed by Archbishop Gregorio Martinez, then archbishop of Manila. The diocese was created from the territory of the Archdiocese of Manila. Its first bishop was Mariano Cuartero, a Dominican missionary in the Philippines, who took possession of the diocese, on April 25, 1868.[3] It is also one of the largest episcopal sees during the Spanish colonial era encompassing the whole island of Panay (Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Guimaras and Iloilo provinces), Mindoro, Romblon, Negros (Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental provinces), Palawan, Davao, Sulu, Cotabato and Zamboanga Peninsula as part of its jurisdiction.

On April 10, 1910, it lost some of its territory to the newly created Diocese of Zamboanga and Apostolic Prefecture of Palawan. Negros Oriental (Dumaguete) was also its part but became a separate diocese under Cebu. Later, three other ecclesiastical jurisdictions were established from its territory: the Diocese of Bacolod (15 July 1932), Apostolic Prefecture of Mindoro (2 July 1936), and Roman Catholic Diocese of Capiz (27 January 1951).[4]

On 29 June 1951, it was raised as a Metropolitan Archdiocese by Pope Pius XII.[5] On 24 March 1962, it lost some territory to establish the Territorial Prelature of San Jose de Antique.[6]

At present, the Archdiocese of Jaro covers the provinces of Iloilo and Guimaras, an island off Iloilo. Suffragan dioceses include the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bacolod, the Diocese of San Carlos, and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kabankalan, all in the province Negros Occidental and the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Jose de Antique on the island of Panay.[7]

As of the year 2004, out of a population of 2,232,931, 92.00% or 2,054,296 are Catholic, making Jaro the eighth-largest diocese in the Philippines.[8] In 2015, the archdiocese has 92 parishes, 256 priests (173 diocesan, 83 religious), 644 lay religious (121 brothers, 523 sisters), 65 seminarians. In the same year, the Catholic population numbers 2,641,965 Catholics or 83.1% of 3,177,462 total residents of its entire territory covering 5,304 km².[9] The province is predominantly rural with 72.7 percent of the total population residing in rural areas and only 27.3 percent in urban area. Agriculture, forestry and fishing are the leading major industries.

Its titular patron saint is Elizabeth of Hungary, whose feast is celebrated on November 17.[10]

History

The front facade of Jaro Cathedral showing the stairs above the door leading to the statue of Our Lady of Candles.
Image of Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria (Our Lady of Candles) perched atop the facade of Jaro Cathedral in Jaro, Iloilo City. It is the first marian statue canonically crowned personal without a papal legate by a pope and saint in the Philippines and Asia when John Paul II visited the Philippine islands in 1981, elevating her as the official patron of Western Visayas and Romblon.

The precursor of the Archdiocese of Jaro dates back when it was founded in 1587 as a Roman Catholic parish by the Spanish colonists. The diocese of Jaro whose patron saint is Elizabeth of Hungary was officially and formally established by virtue of the Papal bull "Qui Ab Initio" of Pope Pius IX. The bull was issued in Rome on May 27, 1865. On October 10, 1867 the decree took effect and Jaro was made an Episcopal See, according to the document signed by D. Gregorio Meliton Martinez, then archbishop of Manila and executor-delegate of the decree. It is worth noting that this "decretum executorium" was also signed by Jose Burgos, Pro-Secretary, a secular priest who became one of the outstanding martyr-heroes of the country. Jaro was separated from the now Archdiocese of Cebu and became a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Manila. Its territories at creation comprised the islands of Panay, (now composed of the provinces of Iloilo, Capiz, Antique and Aklan), Guimaras, Negros (now the twin provinces of Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental), Romblon and Palawan, as well as the provinces of Cotabato, Zamboanga, Davao and Sulu of Mindanao. Mariano Cuartero became its first bishop on April 25, 1868.

In the 20th century the diocese was further divided to form new ecclesiastical jurisdictions. Zamboanga was made a separate diocese in 1910, while Palawan was made an apostolic prelature in the same year; then Bacolod in 1933, Capiz in 1951 and finally the Prelature of San Jose, Antique in 1962 as suffragans.

Concurrently with the elevation of Jaro to an archdiocese, the first Filipino bishop, Jose Maria Cuenco, was raised to the rank of metropolitan archbishop, thereby making him the first archbishop of Jaro.

On January 17, 1976, Pope Paul VI elevated Capiz to the rank of archdiocese, with the dioceses of Romblon and Kalibo as its suffragans. The Archdiocese of Jaro was left with the dioceses of Bacolod (which eventually was divided into three dioceses, to wit, Bacolod, San Carlos, and Kabankalan) and San Jose de Antique as its suffragans.

On 21 February 1981, Pope John Paul II visited the archdiocese and crowned the image of Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria at the facade of Jaro Cathedral, the first Marian image crowned personally without a papal legate by a pope.[11]

Last 2012, the relics of Saint Clare and the pilgrim image of Pedro Calungsod visited the archdiocese.

Last March 15–17, 2013, the pilgrim relics of Therese of the Child Jesus visited the archdiocese a third time.

Coat of Arms

The Coat of arms of the Archdiocese of Jaro, during the 1950s

The black eagle and the three red roses refer to Saint Elizabeth of Hungary or of Thuringia, patroness of the Jaro Cathedral. The coconut on a green knoll represents Jaro. [12]

Bishops

The current archbishop is Jose Romeo O. Lazo. He was born on 23 January 1949 in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique He attended the St. Vincent Ferrer Major Seminary in Jaro, and was ordained a priest on 1 April 1975 in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique. After his ordination, he pursued higher studies at the East Asian Pastoral Institute, Quezon City in and the Institute of Pastoral Theology in Berkeley, California, United States.

In 2003, Lazo was appointed bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kalibo, and was ordained bishop on 29 December 2003. Pope Benedict XVI appointed him as bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Jose de Antique in 2009. On 14 February 2018, Pope Francis appointed him as the archbishop of Jaro following the retirement of Archbishop Angel Lagdameo.[13] Lagdameo served the archdiocese for 17 years.

List of bishops and archbishops of Jaro

No. Picture Name From Until Coat of arms
1 Mariano Cuartero y Medina.jpg Mariano Cuartero y Medina 20 September 1867 16 July 1884
2 Arrue.jpg Leandro Arrúe Agudo 27 March 1885 24 October 1897
3 Ferrero A.jpg Andrés Ferrero y Malo de San José, O.A.R. 24 March 1898 27 October 1903
4 Rooker.jpg Frederick Zadok Rooker 12 June 1903 20 September 1907
5 Portrait of Dennis Joseph Dougherty.jpg Dennis Joseph Dougherty 19 April 1908 6 December 1915
6 Archdiocese of Jaro coat of arms.svg Maurice Patrick Foley 6 September 1916 7 August 1919 Coat of arms of Maurice Patrick Foley.svg
7 Bishop Mccloskey.jpg James Paul McCloskey 8 March 1920 10 April 1945 Coat of arms of James Paul McCloskey as Bishop of Jaro.svg
8 Jose Maria Cuenco.jpg José María Cuenco 24 November 1945 8 October 1972 Coat of Arms of Jose Maria Cuenco.svg
9 Cardinal Jaime Sin in 1988.jpg Jaime Lachica Sin 8 October 1972 21 Jan 1974 Coat of arms of Jaime Lachica Sin as Archbishop of Jaro.svg
10 Artemio Casas.jpg Artemio G. Casas 11 May 1974 25 October 1985 Coat of arms of Artemio Casas.svg
11 Archbishop Alberto Piamonte.jpg Alberto Jover Piamonte 2 April 1986 17 December 1998 Coat of arms of Alberto Piamonte.svg
12 Archbishop Angel Lagdameo.jpg Angel Lagdameo 11 March 2000 14 February 2018 Coat of arms of Angel Lagdameo - Archbishop of Jaro.svg
13 Bishop Jose Romeo O. Lazo (2).jpg Jose Romeo O. Lazo 14 February 2018 incumbent Jose romeo lazo coat of arms.svg

Affiliated bishops

Living

  • Jose Romeo O. Lazo (Archbishop: 14 February 2018 – present)
  • Fernando R. Capalla (Priest: 18 March 1961 to 2 April 1975)
  • Angel N. Lagdameo (Archbishop Emeritus: 11 March 2000 to 14 February 2018)
  • Jose Serofia Palma (Priest: 21 Aug 1976 to 28 Nov 1997)
  • Emmanuel Celeste Trance (Priest: 17 May 1978 to 14 May 2004)
  • Gerardo Alimane Alminaza (Former Auxiliary Bishop:29 May 2008 to 14 Sep 2013)

Deceased

  • Leandro Arrúe Agudo (Bishop: 27 Mar 1885 to 24 Oct 1897)
  • Teofilo Bastida Camomot (Auxiliary Bishop: 23 Mar 1955 to 10 Jun 1958)
  • Artemio G. Casas (Archbishop: 11 May 1974 to 25 Oct 1985)
  • Mariano Cuartero y Medina (Bishop: 20 Sep 1867 to 16 Jul 1884)
  • José María Cuenco (Auxiliary Bishop: 22 Nov 1941; Bishop: 24 Nov 1945; Archbishop: 29 Jun 1951 to 8 Oct 1972)
  • Dennis Joseph Dougherty (Bishop: 19 Apr 1908 to 6 Dec 1915)
  • Andrés Ferrero y Malo de San José (Bishop: 24 Mar 1898 to 27 Oct 1903)
  • Maurice Patrick Foley (Bishop: 6 Sep 1916 to 7 Aug 1919)
  • James Paul McCloskey (Bishop: 8 Mar 1920 to 10 Apr 1945)
  • Juan Nicolasora Nilmar (Auxiliary Bishop: 20 Feb 1959 to 3 Jan 1967)
  • Alberto Jover Piamonte (Priest: 22 Mar 1958; Auxiliary Bishop: 28 Dec 1974; Archbishop: 2 Apr 1986 to 17 Dec 1998)
  • Frederick Zadok Rooker (Bishop: 12 Jun 1903 to 20 Sep 1907)
  • Jaime Lachica Sin (Priest: 3 Apr 1954; Auxiliary Bishop: 10 Feb 1967; Coadjutor Archbishop: 15 Jan 1972; Archbishop: 8 Oct 1972 to 21 Jan 1974)

Suffragan dioceses

See also

References

  1. ^ Archdiocese of Jaro in GigaCatholic.Org. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  2. ^ The Archdiocese of Jaro in Claretian Communications Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  3. ^ The Archdiocese of Jaro in Claretian Communications Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  4. ^ Archdiocese of Jaro in GigaCatholic.Org. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  5. ^ The Archdiocese of Jaro in Claretian Communications Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  6. ^ Archdiocese of Jaro in GigaCatholic.Org. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  7. ^ Archdiocese of Jaro in GigaCatholic.Org. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  8. ^ Philippine Statistics by Diocese. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  9. ^ Archdiocese of Jaro in GigaCatholic.Org. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  10. ^ Archdiocese of Jaro in GigaCatholic.Org. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  11. ^ Pope John Paul II's 1981 visit to Iloilo in The Daily Guardian, 7 May 2014. Retrieved on 10 August 2018.
  12. ^ Madriaga, Mariano (1957). "The Coats-of-Arms of the Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions in the Philippines: Part I. The Metropolitan Sees". Philippine Studies. 5 (2): 177–190. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  13. ^ Sala Stampa della Santa Sede, Bollettino quotidiano, Rinunce e nomine, 14 febbraio 2018 (B0125).

External links

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