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Royal College of Art
|Chancellor||Sir Jonathan Ive|
The Royal College of Art (RCA) is a public research university in London, United Kingdom, with campuses in South Kensington, Battersea and White City. It is the only entirely postgraduate art and design university in the United Kingdom.:118 It offers postgraduate degrees in art and design to students from over 60 countries.
The RCA was founded in Somerset House in 1837 as the Government School of Design or Metropolitan School of Design. Richard Burchett became head of the school in 1852. In 1853 it was expanded and moved to Marlborough House, and then, in 1853 or 1857, to South Kensington, on the same site as the South Kensington Museum. It was renamed the Normal Training School of Art in 1857 and the National Art Training School in 1863. During the later 19th century it was primarily a teacher training college; pupils during this period included George Clausen, Christopher Dresser, Luke Fildes, Kate Greenaway and Gertrude Jekyll.
In 1896 or 1897 the school received the name Royal College of Art, and the emphasis of teaching there shifted to the practice of art and design. Teaching of graphic design, industrial design and product design began in the mid-twentieth century. The school expanded further in the 1960s, and in 1967 it received a Royal Charter which gave it the status of an independent university with the power to grant its own degrees.
In July 2020, the Royal College of Art launched its first-ever online graduate exhibition, RCA2020.
The RCA has three campuses, in South Kensington, Battersea and White City. The Darwin Building in Kensington Gore dates from the 1960s and is a Grade II listed building. It was designed by a team of RCA staff members, H. T. Cadbury-Brown, Hugh Casson and Robert Goodden.
In 1991 the sculpture department moved to a converted factory across the river Thames in Battersea. In the early 2000s the college conceived a substantial second campus being created on the site, with a minibus service linking it to Kensington. Thus, after a successful redevelopment of the premises by Wright & Wright (budget £4.3m, floor area 2,500 sq m), the Sculpture Building opened in January 2009. In 2018 the RCA was granted planning permission to redevelop the Sculpture building into a new Arts & Humanities building, designed by Herzog & de Meuron, with work planned for completion in late 2021.
A masterplan was commissioned by Haworth Tompkins and phase 1 of their three-phase design was completed with the opening of the Sackler Building on 19 November 2009, to house the painting department. Its name commemorates a major gift by The Dr Mortimer and Theresa Sackler Foundation.
The Dyson Building, named in honour of James Dyson, whose educational charity donated £5m to the development, was opened on 24 September 2012. It is the home for printmaking and photography, and contains an innovation wing where start-up designers can launch their businesses.
The Woo Building was opened on 30 September 2015, completing the Battersea project. It is named in honour of Sir Po-Shing and Lady Helen Woo, who have funded scholarships at the RCA since the 1990s. It accommodates the Ceramics & Glass and Jewellery & Metal programmes. The building's anodised aluminium gates were designed by alumnus Max Lamb.
The RCA offers a Graduate Diploma pre-masters conversion programme, MA, MRes, MPhil and PhD degrees in twenty-eight subject areas, divided into four schools: architecture, arts & humanities, communication, and design. The history of design programme is in collaboration with the Victoria and Albert Museum; there are two double MA/MSc programmes with Imperial College London.
In addition to formal qualifications the RCA also offers Summer school and Executive education courses throughout the year. English for academic purposes (EAP) courses are offered to applicants who need to improve their academic English ability to meet the College's entry requirements.
In early 2019, the RCA announced the launch of its new GenerationRCA programme. GenerationRCA -among other initiatives- will also "inject science disciplines into the mix of creative disciplines traditionally on offer." The new programmes will include Environmental Architecture and Digital Direction; with future programmes centred on nano and soft robotics, computer science, and machine learning, material science and the circular economy.
In 2020, the RCA was placed first in the art and design subject area in the QS World University Rankings published by Quacquarelli Symonds for the sixth year in a row, with an overall score of 98.9/100.
In the Research Assessment Exercise of December 2008, 40% of the research output of the school received the highest (4* or "world-leading") assessment, the third-highest rating in the art and design subject area; over all subject areas only about fifty institutions received a higher rating.
The Royal College of Art and its predecessor schools have numerous notable alumni in many fields.
Alumni from the twentieth and twenty-first centuries include the sculptors Barbara Hepworth and Henry Moore, painters Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Sir Peter Blake and Charles Tunnicliffe, artists Jake and Dinos Chapman, Tracey Emin and R. B. Kitaj, fashion designers Ossie Clark and Zandra Rhodes, industrial designers James Dyson and David Mellor, film directors Tony and Ridley Scott, writer Travis Jeppesen, designers Thomas Heatherwick and Sir David Adjaye, prominent member of the suffragette movement Sylvia Pankhurst, the musician Ian Dury and the actor Alan Rickman.
See also: The Royal College of Art Society amalgamated with OSARCA (the Old Students Association of the RCA 1912) for the benefit of graduates and associates of the Royal College of Art
Awards and prizes
The Royal College of Art has several awards and prizes which it confers on its graduating students. These include the Sheila Robinson Drawing Prize.
- Alice Wignall (2012). The Guardian Postgraduate Guide. London: Guardian Books. ISBN 9780852651049.
"RCA Annual Review 2013/2014" (PDF): 4–5. Retrieved 2 May 2015. Cite journal requires
- Janet Foster (2000–2008). GB 1134 Royal College of Art Archive. AIM25: Archives in London and the M25 area. Accessed February 2015.
- Albertopolis: Royal College Of Art. Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived 22 July 2011.
- Anne Pimlott Baker (2004 ). Burchett, Richard (1815–1875). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Accessed February 2015. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3956 (subscription required)
- College Buildings. Royal College of Art. Accessed August 2015.
- James Dunnett (2006). The Royal College of Art: a Study in Modern Architecture and Urbanism. Architectural Research Quarterly 10: 3–12. doi:10.1017/S1359135506000029 (subscription required)
- "Royal College of Art Sculpture Building officially reopens". Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Bizley, Graham. "Wright & Wright's RCA sculpture department refurb". BD online 23 January 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2015.(subscription required)
- "Royal College of Art's Ambitious Battersea Expansion Plans Approved by Wandsworth Council". Royal College of Art. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
- "The new RCA Painting Building is now open". Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "The Sackler Building by Haworth Tompkins". Dezeen 2 December 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "RCA Sackler Building". AJ Building Study video. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "The Dyson Building by Haworth Tompkins". Dezeen 28 September 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Hunter, Will. "Royal College of Art by Haworth Tompkins". AR online 27 February 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2015.(subscription required)
- Jordan, Sarah. "RCA opens state of the art Woo Building for jewellery and silversmithing students". Retail Jeweller 2 October 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- "New Gates installed for the opening of the Woo Building Battersea". Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Royal College of Art. "Degree Programmes". Royal College of Art. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- Schools & programmes. Royal College of Art. Accessed August 2015.
- Tamara Orlova-Alvarez; Joe Alvarez (29 January 2019). "The Royal College of Art Launches Its New GenerationRCA". Ikon London Magazine. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
- Rebecca Ratcliffe, Claire Shaw (29 April 2015). Six UK universities reach the top of worldwide subject league tables. The Guardian. Accessed August 2015.
- Laura Bridgestock (1 May 2015). New Rankings of the World's Top Art Schools. Quacquarelli Symonds. Accessed August 2015.
Top Universities. 4 March 2020 https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/university-subject-rankings/2020/art-design. Missing or empty
- Liz Lightfoot (24 August 2015). UK fashion schools top global rankings, but are their students ready for work?. The Guardian. Accessed August 2015.
- Global fashion school rankings 2015. Business of Fashion. Accessed August 2015.
- [s.n.] (31 March 2011). Modern Painters Survey Ranks School as 3rd Best UK Graduate Arts Programme Archived 28 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine. City & Guilds of London Art School. Accessed August 2015.
- RAE 2008 quality profiles: UOA 63 Art and Design. Research Assessment Exercise 2008. Accessed February 2015.
- Christopher Frayling, The Royal College of Art: 150 Years of Art & Design (1987)
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