Russian Republic

Russian Republic

Российская республика
Rossiyskaya respublika
14 Sep – 7 Nov 1917
Anthem:  Worker's Marseillaise
Рабочая Марсельеза
Proclaimed territory of the Russian Republic[a]
Proclaimed territory of the Russian Republic [a]
Capital Petrograd
Common languages Russian
Government Provisional government
•  Sep-Nov 1917
Alexander Kerensky
Legislature Provisional Council
Constituent Assembly (planned)
Historical era World War I
15 March 1917
• Republic proclaimed
14 September 1917
7 November 1917
Currency Ruble
ISO 3166 code RU
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Russian Empire
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Russian Democratic Federative Republic

The Russian Republic (Russian: Российская республика, tr. Rossiyskaya respublika, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə rʲɪsˈpublʲɪkə]) was a short-lived state which controlled, de jure, the territory of the former Russian Empire after its proclamation by the Russian Provisional Government on 1 September (14 September, N.S.) 1917 in a decree signed by Alexander Kerensky as Minister-President and Alexander Zarudny as Minister of Justice.[1]

Less than six weeks later, the Republic was overtaken by the October Revolution beginning on 25 October (7 November, N.S.) and the establishment of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR).[2]

Officially, the Republic's government was the Provisional Government, although de facto control of the country and its armed forces was divided between the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet.

The term Russian Republic is sometimes used erroneously for the period between the abdication of the Emperor Nicholas II on 2 March 1917 (15 March, N.S) and the declaration of the Republic in September. However, during that period the future status of the monarchy remained to be resolved.

Principal institutions

See also


  1. ^ The Russian Republic Proclaimed at, accessed 12 June 2017
  2. ^ "Russia". World Statesmen. Retrieved 23 March 2012.