Ruth Neudeck

Ruth Neudeck
Ruth Neudeck.jpg
Neudeck at her trial for war crimes
Birth name Ruth Klosius
Born 5 July 1920
Breslau, Weimar Republic
(present day Wrocław, Poland)
Died 29 July 1948 (age 28)
Hameln prison (de:Gefängnis Hameln), West Germany
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Service/branch Schutzstaffel
Years of service 1944 — 1945
Rank Blockführerin
(Barrack Overseer)

Ruth Closius-Neudeck was a Schutzstaffel (SS) supervisor at a Nazi concentration camp complex from December 1944 until March 1945. She was executed for war crimes.

Early life

Ruth Closius was born in Breslau, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland). She later married and was known as Ruth Neudeck or Ruth Closius-Neudeck.

Camp work

In July 1944, she arrived at the Ravensbrück concentration camp to begin her training to be a camp guard. Neudeck soon began impressing her superiors with her unbending brutality towards the female prisoners, resulting in her promotion to the rank of Blockführerin (Barrack Overseer) in late July 1944.

In the Ravensbrück camp, she was known as one of the most ruthless female guards. Former French prisoner Geneviève de Gaulle-Anthonioz commented after the war that she had seen Neudeck "cut the throat of an inmate with the sharp edge of her shovel".[1] In December 1944, she was promoted to the rank of Oberaufseherin, and moved to the Uckermark extermination complex down the road from Ravensbrück. There she involved herself in the selection and execution of over 5,000 women and children. The prisoners were mistreated by Neudeck or her fellow SS Aufseherinnen. In March 1945, Neudeck became head of the Barth subcamp.[2]

Capture and execution

In late April 1945, she fled the camp but was later captured and detained in prison while the British Army investigated the allegations against her. In April 1948, she stood accused at the third Ravensbrück Trial, along with other Schutzstaffel (SS) women. The 28-year-old former SS supervisor admitted to the accusations of murder and maltreatment made against her.[3]

The British court found Neudeck guilty of war crimes and sentenced her to death by hanging. On 29 July 1948, she was executed by British executioner Albert Pierrepoint on the gallows at Hameln prison, West Germany.[4]

See also


  1. ^ De Gaulle-Anthonioz, Geneviève; Richard Seaver (1999). The Dawn of Hope. Arcade Publishing. ISBN 1-55970-498-5.
  2. ^ Jones, Phillip (2010). Quickly to Her Fate. England: PJ Publishing. ISBN 978-0956554932. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  3. ^ Jone, Phillip (2010) Quickly To Her Fate. ISBN 0956554938.
  4. ^ "Nazi She-Devils". Mirror. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2012.


  • Daniel Patrick Brown (2002). The Camp Women: The Female Auxiliaries Who Assisted the SS in Running the Concentration Camp System. Schiffer Military History. Schiffer Publishing Limited.

External links