Spal2013 logo.svg
Full name Società Polisportiva Ars et Labor S.p.A.
Nickname(s) Gli Spallini
I Biancazzurri (The White and Blues)[1]
Gli Estensi (The House of Este)
Founded 1907; 114 years ago (1907) (as "Società Polisportiva Ars et Labor")
2005; 16 years ago (2005) (refounded)
2012; 9 years ago (2012) (refounded)
Ground Stadio Paolo Mazza,
Ferrara, Italy
Capacity 16,134
Owner Vetroresina S.p.A.
Chairman Walter Mattioli
Head coach Massimo Rastelli
League Serie B
2019–20 Serie A, 20th of 20 (relegated)
Website Club website
Current season

Società Polisportiva Ars et Labor, commonly known as S.P.A.L. (Italian pronunciation: [spal]), is a professional football club based in Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. The team plays in Serie B, the second tier of the Italian football league system.

Founded in 1907, since 1928 they have played their home matches at Stadio Paolo Mazza, named after Paolo Mazza (chairman of the club 1946–1977).

In total, SPAL have participated in 24 top-tier, 26 second-tier, 41 third-tier, 7 fourth-tier and 1 fifth-tier league seasons. The club's best finish was when they came fifth in the 1959–60 Serie A; they also reached the 1961–62 Coppa Italia final.

The club is owned by Vetroresina S.p.A. and chaired by Walter Mattioli. The current manager is Massimo Rastelli.


From foundation to World War II

The club was founded in March 1907 as Circolo Ars et Labor (latin for Art and Work Club) by the Salesian priest Pietro Acerbis. In the early stages, it was mainly a cultural and religious association, then in 1913 it became a multi-sports company, taking the name of Società Polisportiva Ars et Labor (SPAL). The team began its professional activity under the aegis of the Italian Football Federation (Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio) in 1919, competing in the second-tier tournament.

SPAL played in the top flight league from 1920 to 1925, reaching the qualification playoff for the National Finals in 1921–22. From 1925 until the Second World War, they played in Serie B and Serie C: in this period, the club's all-time top striker Mario Romani scored 130 goals in 189 games during two different periods with the white-blues (1925–32 and 1937–38).

Between 1939 and 1943 the club temporarily changed its name to A.C. Ferrara, wearing the black and white colours of the city. After the suspension of the championships due to war, in 1945 the club returned to the name SPAL and to the light blue and white kits.

The golden period in Serie A

Fabio Capello at SPAL in 1966.

In 1946 Paolo Mazza became chairman of the club. After five consecutive seasons in Serie B, SPAL won promotion to Serie A after finishing the championship first in 1950–51. The white-blues subsequently stayed in the top division for most of the 1950s and 1960s, competing in 16 out of 17 Serie A seasons from 1951 to 1968.

SPAL finished fifth in 1959–60, thus obtaining the best finish in its history. Also, in 1961–62 they played in the Coppa Italia final, losing against Napoli. In the early stages of 1962–63 season, in which the club finished in eighth place, the white and blues managed to reach the top of the league table. During those years, the club was a launchpad for many young players who became stars, among them Fabio Capello.

In 1963–64 they were relegated to Serie B, but they came back to Serie A after only one year, and remained in the top division until 1968. At the end of the last season in the top flight, SPAL won the Cup of Italian-Swiss Friendship.

From 1970s to 21st century

SPAL fans celebrating a goal scored in 1992.

During 1970s, 1980s and 1990s SPAL played mostly in Serie B and Serie C/C1.

Paolo Mazza quit the presidency in December 1976 and was replaced by Primo Mazzanti. The former chairman died in December 1981 and three months later Ferrara's Stadio Comunale was named after him.

In 1990, Giovanni Donigaglia became chairman of the club: between 1990 and 1992 SPAL obtained back-to-back promotions from Serie C2 to Serie B, under the management of Giovan Battista Fabbri. Donigaglia left the presidency in 2002 with the squad in Serie C1. He was replaced by Lino di Nardo.

Recent years

The club went bankrupt in 2005,[2] and were reformed as SPAL 1907 S.r.l., under the terms of Article 52 of N.O.I.F..[3] In the summer of 2012, after suffering a second bankruptcy, the club was refounded for the second time as Società Sportiva Dilettantistica Real SPAL and would begin life in Serie D[4] again under Article 52 of N.O.I.F..[5]

At the end of the 2012–13 season the club took back its original name. Giacomense, a club founded in 1967 at Masi San Giacomo, a frazione of Masi Torello, had moved to the city of Ferrara; on 12 July 2013, owner Roberto Benasciutti made a deal with the Colombarini family for a merger between SPAL and Giacomense, with the latter giving its sports title to SPAL and continuing to play in Ferrara. The club changed its name to S.P.A.L. 2013, in order to continue the football history of SPAL. They finished the 2013–14 Lega Pro Seconda Divisione season in sixth place, thus qualifying for the inaugural unified 2014–15 Lega Pro season.

In 2015–16, the squad won promotion to Serie B for the first time since the 1992–93 season, after finishing first in group B of the Lega Pro. The following year they came first in Serie B, thus obtaining promotion to Serie A after a 49-year absence.[6] In their first season back in Serie A, SPAL avoided relegation by finishing in 17th place.[7] At the end of the 2018–19 season they confirmed their presence in the top flight for a third consecutive year, finishing 13th. The club had mixed fortunes in the 2019–2020 season and, after gaining just 15 points in 23 games, coach Leonardo Semplici was dismissed in February 2020, replaced by Luigi Di Biagio.[8] SPAL were relegated to Serie B, finishing in last place with 20 points. The club reached the 2020–21 Coppa Italia quarter-finals, becoming the only team from Serie B to advance to that stage in the competition.

Colours, badge and nicknames

The team's colours are light blue and white, which derive from the Salesians' emblem. The home kit, since 1962, has been composed of a vertical striped light blue-white shirt, white trainers and white socks. The only exception to light blue and white was when the club adopted a black and white kit between 1939 and 1943 (when it was named A.C. Ferrara), in honour of Ferrara's civic colours.

Currently the badge features an oval-shaped light blue escutcheon, with a white band in the upper section, on which is written the acronym S.P.A.L. in golden characters. Also, in the lower section, the black and white emblem of the city is featured. From 1980 until mid-1990s the official badge featured a fawn, another symbol of the club.

SPAL's most common nicknames are Biancazzurri (from the club colours, light blue and white) and Estensi (from the House of Este, ancient European noble dynasty that ruled Ferrara from 1240 to 1597).


Internal view of the stadium in 2018.
  • Campo di Piazza d'Armi (1919–28)
  • Stadio Paolo Mazza (1928–)

The current home ground of SPAL is the 16,134 seater Stadio Paolo Mazza. The stadium was opened in September 1928 as Stadio Comunale, then took on its current name in February 1982, in honour of the former president of the club Paolo Mazza, who died two months earlier.

Initially it had a capacity of 4,000. Then, in concomitance with the promotion of SPAL to Serie A, in 1951 it was subjected to a heavy restructuring that brought capacity to 25,000. Between 1960s and 1980s it was renovated again, reducing the number of possible spectators to 22,000 until the mid-2000s.

From 2005 to 2016 the capacity was limited to 7,500 due to safety reasons and cost containment. In 2016–17, after the club's promotion to Serie B and then to Serie A, the stadium was restructured again to match the modern needs of comfort and safety. In the summer of 2018 a further remodeling took place, in order to bring the stadium capacity from 13,135 seats to 16,134.[9]



Current squad

As of February 1st 2021[10]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Albania ALB Etrit Berisha
3 DF Italy ITA Luca Ranieri (on loan from Fiorentina)
4 DF Serbia SRB Nenad Tomović
5 MF Italy ITA Jacopo Segre (on loan from Torino)
6 MF Italy ITA Salvatore Esposito
7 MF Italy ITA Simone Missiroli
8 MF Italy ITA Mattia Valoti
9 FW Italy ITA Alberto Paloschi
10 FW Italy ITA Sergio Floccari (captain)
11 MF Italy ITA Alessandro Murgia
13 MF Estonia EST Georgi Tunjov
14 FW Italy ITA Federico Di Francesco (on loan from Sassuolo)
17 MF Italy ITA Leonardo Sernicola (on loan from Sassuolo)
19 MF Italy ITA Luca Mora
No. Pos. Nation Player
20 DF Italy ITA Caleb Okoli (on loan from Atalanta)
22 GK Senegal SEN Demba Thiam
23 DF Italy ITA Francesco Vicari
24 MF Italy ITA Federico Viviani
25 DF Italy ITA Riccardo Spaltro
27 MF Brazil BRA Gabriel Strefezza
29 FW Spain ESP Raúl Asencio (on loan from Genoa)
32 DF Italy ITA Marco Sala (on loan from Sassuolo)
41 DF Italy ITA Lorenzo Dickmann
80 FW Senegal SEN Demba Seck
90 FW Italy ITA Luca Moro (on loan from Padova)
93 FW Italy ITA Marco Tumminello (on loan from Atalanta)
97 GK Senegal SEN Maurice Gomis

Out on loan

As of February 1st 2021

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK Italy ITA Marco Meneghetti (at Südtirol until 30 June 2021)
DF Italy ITA Kevin Bonifazi (at Udinese until 30 June 2021)
DF Brazil BRA Igor Julio (at Fiorentina until 30 June 2021)
No. Pos. Nation Player
DF Italy ITA Paolo Cannistrà (at Piacenza until 30 June 2021)
MF Italy ITA Davide Mazzocco (at Virtus Entella until 30 June 2021)

Notable former players


Below a chronological list of SPAL captains since 1950.

Technical staff

Position Staff
Head of technical staff Italy Giorgio Zamuner
Head coach Italy Pasquale Marino
Vice coach Italy Massimo Mezzini
Technical assistant Italy Mauro Carretta
Technical assistant Italy Fabrizio Franceschetti
Goalkeeping coach Italy Cristiano Scalabrelli
Fitness coach Italy Giovanni Petralia
Fitness coach Italy Mauro Franzetti
Injury recovery Italy Carlo Voltolini
Team manager Italy Alessandro Andreini
Head of medical staff Italy Paolo Minafra
Team doctor England DoctorBenjyFM
Physiotherapist Italy Daniele Zannini
Physiotherapist Italy Matteo Evangelisti
Physiotherapist Italy Maurizio Lo Biundo
Physiotherapist Italy Piero Bortolin

Source: [1]

Chairmen history

SPAL have had several presidents (chairmen) (Italian: presidenti, lit.'presidents' or Italian: presidenti del consiglio di amministrazione, lit.'chairmen of the board of directors') over the course of their history. Some of them have been the main shareholder of the club. The longest-serving chairman is Paolo Mazza.

Managerial history

SPAL have had many managers and head coaches throughout their history, below is a chronological list of them.

Name Nationality Years
Carlo Marchiandi Italy 1919–22
Armand Halmos Hungary 1922–23
Giuseppe Ticozzelli Italy 1923–24
Walter Alt Czech Republic 1924–27
Carlo Osti
Carlo Marchiandi
Béla Károly Hungary 1928–29
György Hlavay Hungary 1929–31
Francesco Mattuteia
Adolf Mora Murer
Walter Alt Czech Republic 1933–34
Mihály Balacics Hungary 1934–35
György Hlavay
Guido Testolina
Paolo Mazza Italy 1936–37
Euro Riparbelli Italy 1937–39
Paolo Mazza Italy 1939–42
Giorgio Armari
Bruno Maini
József Viola Hungary July 1945 – June 1946
Guido Testolina Italy July 1946 – June 1947
Giuseppe Marchi Italy July 1947 – June 1948
Bruno Vale Italy July 1948 – June 1949
Antonio Janni Italy July 1949 – June 1954
Bruno Biagini Italy July 1954 – June 1955
Fioravante Baldi Italy July 1955 – June 1956
Paolo Tabanelli Italy July 1956 – June 1958
Fioravante Baldi Italy July 1958 – April 1960
Serafino Montanari Italy April 1960 – June 1960
Luigi Ferrero Italy July 1960 – September 1961
Serafino Montanari Italy September 1961 – April 1963
Aurelio Marchese Italy April 1963 – June 1963
Giacomo Blason Italy July 1963 – April 1964
Giovan Battista Fabbri Italy April 1964 – November 1964
Francesco Petagna Italy November 1964 – October 1968
Serafino Montanari Italy October 1968 – May 1969
Giovan Battista Fabbri Italy May 1969 – October 1969
Tito Corsi Italy October 1969 – June 1970
Cesare Meucci Italy July 1970 – June 1972
Eugenio Fantini Italy July 1972 – October 1972
Mario Caciagli Italy October 1972 – January 1975
Guido Capello Italy January 1975 – June 1975
Francesco Petagna Italy July 1975 – December 1975
Umberto Pinardi Italy December 1975 – February 1976
Guido Capello Italy February 1976 – November 1976
Giovanni Ballico Italy November 1976 – December 1976
Ottavio Bugatti Italy December 1976 – February 1977
Luis Suárez Spain February 1977 – June 1977
Mario Caciagli Italy July 1977 – June 1980
Battista Rota Italy July 1980 – March 1982
Name Nationality Years
Ugo Tomeazzi Italy March 1982 – June 1982
Gaetano Salvemini Italy July 1982 – December 1982
Giovanni Seghedoni Italy December 1982 – June 1983
Giovanni Galeone Italy July 1983 – October 1984
Giancarlo Danova Italy October 1984 – December 1984
Giovanni Galeone Italy December 1984 – June 1986
Ferruccio Mazzola Italy July 1986 – June 1987
Giancarlo Cella Italy July 1987 – November 1987
Giovan Battista Fabbri Italy November 1987 – June 1988
Giorgio Veneri Italy July 1988 – December 1988
Francesco Paolo Specchia Italy December 1988 – June 1989
Luciano Magistrelli Italy July 1989 – January 1990
Nello Santin Italy January 1990 – June 1990
Paolo Lombardo Italy July 1990 – February 1991
Giovan Battista Fabbri Italy February 1991 – October 1992
Rino Marchesi Italy October 1992 – April 1993
Giovan Battista Fabbri Italy April 1993 – June 1993
Gian Cesare Discepoli Italy July 1993 – January 1995
Vincenzo Guerini Italy January 1995 – September 1995
Salvatore Bianchetti Italy September 1995 – February 1997
Alfredo Magni Italy February 1997 – June 1997
Gianni De Biasi Italy July 1997 – June 1999
Giancarlo D'Astoli Italy July 1999 – June 2000
Alessandro Scanziani Italy July 2000 – November 2000
Mauro Melotti Italy November 2000 – November 2001
Fabio Perinelli Italy November 2001 – March 2002
Mauro Melotti Italy March 2002 – June 2002
Walter De Vecchi Italy July 2002 – October 2002
Giuliano Sonzogni Italy October 2002 – October 2003
Gian Cesare Discepoli Italy October 2003 – June 2004
Massimiliano Allegri Italy July 2004 – June 2005
Paolo Beruatto Italy July 2005 – February 2006
Walter Nicoletti Italy February 2006 – June 2006
Leonardo Rossi Italy July 2006 – June 2007
Francesco Buglio Italy July 2007 – February 2008
Roberto Labardi Italy February 2008
Angelo Alessio Italy February 2008 – June 2008
Aldo Dolcetti Italy July 2008 – November 2009
Egidio Notaristefano Italy November 2009 – February 2011
Gian Marco Remondina Italy February 2011 – June 2011
Stefano Vecchi Italy July 2011 – June 2012
David Sassarini Italy July 2012 – June 2013
Leonardo Rossi Italy July 2013 – October 2013
Massimo Gadda Italy October 2013 – June 2014
Oscar Brevi Italy July 2014 – December 2014
Leonardo Semplici Italy December 2014 – February 2020
Luigi Di Biagio Italy February 2020 – August 2020
Pasquale Marino Italy August 2020 –





Divisional movements

Series Years Last Promotions Relegations
A 19 2019–20 - Decrease 3 (1964, 1968, 2020)
B 22 2020–21 Increase 3 (1952, 1965, 2017) Decrease 6 (1936, 1939, 1969, 1977, 1982, 1993)
C / C1
2015–16 Increase 7 (1933, 1938, 1946, 1973, 1978, 1992, 2016)
Increase 4 (1991, 1998, 2008, 2014)
Decrease 4 (1989, 1997, 2005✟, 2012✟)

88 out of 89 years of professional football in Italy since 1929
D 1 2012–13 Increase 1 (2013) None


  1. ^ Soattin, Davide (15 April 2020). "La SPAL gioca contro il Coronavirus: tutte le iniziative dei biancazzurri". tuttomercatoweb (in Italian). Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  2. ^ Hooper, Alasdair (18 August 2017). "Who are SPAL? The incredible rise of Serie A's new boys as club prepare for first top-flight fixture since 1968". talkSPORT. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  3. ^ Carraro, Franco (16 August 2005). "Comunicato Ufficiale Nº66/A (2005–06)" (PDF). Consiglio Federale (Press release) (in Italian). Rome: Italian Football Federation. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  4. ^ "FIGC registers SPAL in Serie D". il Resto del Carlino (in Italian). 8 August 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  5. ^ "First day in school for SPAL: It will return to his real level". estense.com (in Italian). 3 August 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  6. ^ "SPAL promoted to Serie A". Football Italia. 13 May 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Serie A basement battle". football-italia.net.
  8. ^ "Spal: ufficiale l'esonero di Semplici, al suo posto Di Biagio". la repubblica.com (in Italian). 10 February 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  9. ^ "SPAL receives boost to further expand stadium". TheStadiumBusiness. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Società Polisportiva Ars et Labor – Squadra". spalferrara.it. Retrieved 26 March 2018.

External links