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Battle of San Jacinto (1856)
|Battle of San Jacinto|
|Part of the Filibuster War|
La Pedrada de Andres Castro by Luis Vergara Ahumada. Sargeant Andres Castro is throwing stones at filibusters in foreground. Colonel José Dolores Estrada is pictured in the background carrying a sword to the left of the filibuster struck by Castro.
|Commanders and leaders|
|Col. José Dolores Estrada||Lt-Col. Byron Cole|
|160 men||300 men|
|Casualties and losses|
|28 killed|| 27 killed
(according to Estrada)
(according to Lieutenant Alejandro Eva)
The Battle of San Jacinto took place on the 14 September 1856 in Hacienda San Jacinto, Managua, Nicaragua—between 160 soldiers of the Legitimist Septemtrion Army led by Colonel José Dolores Estrada versus 300 Nicaraguan filibusters of William Walker led by Lieutenant Colonel Byron Cole. The filibusters were defeated by Estrada after four hours of combat between 7:00am and 11:00am.
The casualties of the filibusters were twenty-seven killed, as well as an unknown number wounded (according to Estrada), or thirty-five killed and eighteen captured (according to Lieutenant Alejandro Eva). The Nicaraguan losses were just twenty-eight men killed and wounded during the course of the Battle of San Jacinto.
The date of the battle is a national holiday in Nicaragua on the 14 of September each year., The matagalpa people who are referred to in the battle as the "indios flecheros de Matagalpa" were decisive to defeat the filibuster. A column of 60 Matagalpa natives with bow and arrows fought at the side of Nicaraguan Patriots winning that battle, which marked the end of Walker adventure in Nicaragua. The "Indios Flecheros de Matagalpa" were declared National Heroes of the Battle of San Jacinto by the Congress of The Republic of Nicaragua. The declaration also includes a statue built in their honor.
- "Battle of San Jacinto around the world in 2020". Office Holidays. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
- "INDIOS FLECHEROS DE MATAGALPA, DECLARADOS HÉROES NACIONALES DE LA BATALLA DE SAN JACINTO | Portal – Asamblea Nacional de Nicaragua".
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