Santa Cruz, Manila

Santa Cruz
District of Manila
Carriedo Fountain at Plaza Santa Cruz
Carriedo Fountain at Plaza Santa Cruz
Map of Manila showing the location of Santa Cruz
Map of Manila showing the location of Santa Cruz
Coordinates: 14°35′59″N 120°58′49″E / 14.5998366°N 120.9801955°E / 14.5998366; 120.9801955Coordinates: 14°35′59″N 120°58′49″E / 14.5998366°N 120.9801955°E / 14.5998366; 120.9801955
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
City Manila
District Part of the 3rd district of Manila
Population
 (2007)[1]
 • Total 118,779
ZIP code
1003 (Santa Cruz South)
1014 (Santa Cruz North)

Santa Cruz is a district in the northern part of the City of Manila, Philippines, located on the right bank of the Pasig River near its mouth, bordered by the districts of Tondo, Binondo, Quiapo, and Sampaloc, and Grace Park (Caloocan) and La Loma (Quezon City). The district belongs to the 3rd congressional district of Manila in the Philippines.

History

Spanish colonial era

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors to the Philippine Islands, the district of Santa Cruz was partly a marshland, patches of greeneries, orchards and partly rice fields. A Spanish expedition in 1581 claimed the territory and awarded to the Society of Jesus whose members are known as 'Jesuits'.

The Jesuits built the first Roman Catholic church in the area where the present Santa Cruz Parish stands on June 20, 1619. The Jesuits enshrined the image of the Our Lady of The Pillar in 1643 to serve the pre-dominantly Chinese residents in the area. The image drew a lot of devotees and a popular cult grew around it.

On June 24, 1784, King Carlos III of Spain gave the deeds to about 2 km² of land that was part of the Hacienda de Mayhaligue to the San Lazaro Hospital which served as a caring home for lepers in Manila at that time.

At the Santa Cruz Parish, a small park was built that linked the area into the headquarters of the Spanish cavalry, the building that once was the Colegio de San Ildefonso, operated by the Jesuits. The district in the Spanish times also had a slaughter house and a meat market and up north was the Chinese cemetery.

The Franciscan fathers were given the responsibility to care for the lepers of the city and specifically the San Lazaro Hospital. Father Felix Huerta developed San Lazaro into a refuge for the afflicted and it became a famous home for those afflicted in the north side of the Pasig River.

World War II

During World War II, the Japanese occupational forces, caught unaware of the fast approaching liberation by the combined American & Filipino soldiers from the north, abandoned in 1945 the northern banks of the Pasig River including Santa Cruz. Santa Cruz and much of the northern portions of Manila were spared from the artillery bombardment and to date, a number of pre-World War II buildings and houses still stand in Santa Cruz.

When the Philippine republic was finally established in July 1946, the San Lazaro Hospital complex became the head office of the country’s Department of Health.

Notable buildings

Santa Cruz Parish Church

Santa Cruz district from the air

The first Santa Cruz Church was built when the Arrabal (Suburb) of Santa Cruz was established by the Jesuits in the early 1600s. The church had undergone many repairs and reconstruction, with the last reconstruction done in the 1950s. Today, the church architecture employs a California Spanish Mission style facade silhouette with the usual Filipino (Asian-Hispanic mix) Baroque ornamentation. The church facade is topped with an effigy statue of Our Lady of the Pillar, the patroness of the church whose feast happens every third Sunday of October and on the 12th day of October.

Cemeteries

Santa Cruz is home to Manila's oldest cemeteries located in the district's northern section namely, La Loma Cemetery, the Manila Chinese Cemetery, and the city's biggest, the Manila North Cemetery.

Main thoroughfares

Rizal Avenue is the main thoroughfare in the district. The district is also accessible via the following roads:

Stations of the Manila Line 1, commencing from Baclaran and Roosevelt stations, are in Carriedo, Doroteo Jose, Bambang, Tayuman and Blumentritt. The Philippine National Railways has a station in Blumentritt. Jeepneys coming from Baclaran and Caloocan pass through Rizal Avenue.

Gallery

Religious buildings

Civic institutions

Commercial establishments

Residences

Sub-districts

Santa Cruz has two postal codes corresponding to its two sub-districts: 1014 for Santa Cruz North[2] and 1003 for Santa Cruz South.[3]

List of Streets within Santa Cruz (North)
STREETS
ALMEDA
ANACLETO
ANDRADE
ARAGON
AURORA BLVD.
BALAGUER
BALANGA
BALDWIN
BATANGAS
BECERINA
BLUMENTRITT
BOLINAO
BUGALLON
BULACAN
CAMARINES
CAVITE
CHINESE CEMETERY
CONSUELO
DINALUPIHAN
ELIAS
FELINA
FELIX HUERTAS
FIESTA
GEN. DIOKNO
ILUSTRE
IPIL
JOSE ABAD SANTOS
KALIMBAS
KARAPATAN
KUSANG LOOB
LA LOMA CEMETERY
LICO
LICO EXT.
M. HIZON
M. NATIVIDAD
MAKATA
MOUNT SAMAT
NEW ANTIPOLO
NORTH CEMETERY
OLD ANTIPOLO
ORANI
ORION
OROQUIETA
P.GUEVARRA
PAMPANGA
QUIROGA
RIVERA
RIZAL AVE.
S.REYES
SAGANI
SAMPAGUITA
SAN LAZARO HIPPODROME
SULU
TAMBUNTING
TAYABAS
TECSON
TIAGO
TINDALO
TINDALO EXT.
TOMAS MAPUA
VISION
YAKAL
List of Streets within Santa Cruz (South)
Streets
AGUILAR
ALEGRE
ALMEDA
ALONZO
ALVARADO EXT.
ALVAREZ
ALVAREZ EXT.
ANACLETO
APITONG
BAHAMA
BAMBANG
BENAVIDEZ
BERMUDA
BIAK-NA-BATO
BUSTOS
DAPDAP
DE GUIA
DIZON
DOROTEO JOSE
E. REMIGIO
ESPELETA
F.DE LEON
F. TORRES
FELIX HUERTAS
FERNANDEZ
G. ARANETA
GANDARA
GIL PUYAT
INFEROR
IPIL
J.REYES MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
KALIMBAS
KATUBUSAN
KUSANG LOOB
LA TORRE
LOPE DE VEGA
LUZON
M. NATIVIDAD
MAKATA
MALABON
MASANGKAY
MAYHALIGUE
MILAGROS
NARCISA RIZAL
OKIPINJA
ONGPIN
OROQUIETA
P. GUEVARRA
PIEDAD
QUIRICADA
REYES
SALAZAR
SAN BERNARDO
SAN LAZARO HOSPITAL
SAN NICOLAS
SANCHEZ
SANTIAGO
SOLER
SULU
TECSON
TETUAN
TINDALO
TOMAS MAPUA
TRONQUED
TUBERIA
YAKAL
YEBANA
ZACATEROS

See also

References

  1. ^ Final Results - 2007 Census of Population Archived 2012-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "1014 MANILA (STA. CRUZ NORTH) Zip Codes Philippines". brgy.info. Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  3. ^ "1003 manila Zip Codes Philippines". brgy.info. Retrieved 2021-03-26.

External links

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