Santo André, São Paulo

Santo André
Aerial view of Santo André's downtown, highlighting City Hall Plaza at the photo centerpiece.
Aerial view of Santo André's downtown, highlighting City Hall Plaza at the photo centerpiece.
Flag of Santo André
Flag
Coat of arms of Santo André
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Paulistarum terra mater ( Latin)
Location in São Paulo state
Location in São Paulo state
Santo André is located in Brazil
Santo André
Santo André
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 23°39′26″S 46°32′00″W / 23.65722°S 46.53333°W / -23.65722; -46.53333Coordinates: 23°39′26″S 46°32′00″W / 23.65722°S 46.53333°W / -23.65722; -46.53333
Country Brazil
Region Southeast
State São Paulo
Named for Andrew the Apostle
Government
 • Mayor Paulo Serra (PSDB)
Area
 • Total 175.8 km2 (67.9 sq mi)
Elevation
700 m (2,300 ft)
Population
 (2020 [1])
 • Total 721,368
 • Density 4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Portuguese: Andreense
Time zone UTC-03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-02:00 (BRST)
Postal code
09000-000
Area code +55 11
HDI 0.815 – very high[2]
Website www.santoandre.sp.gov.br

Santo André (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃twɐ̃ˈdɾɛ], Saint Andrew) is a Brazilian municipality located in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. It is part of a group of municipalities known as Greater ABCD Region. According to the most recent census, the population is estimated at 721,368 (2020 est.) in an area of 175.8 km².[3] or about 43,441 Acres of landmass.

It is the 15th most developed Brazilian city,[4] and the eighth most developed city in the State of São Paulo, according to the UN.[5] The city is also known to be the fifth best city in the country to raise children on the grounds of public and private education and health care.[6]

History

The settlement, which became a town in 1553, with the name of Santo André da Borda do Campo, experienced rapid growth beginning in the 1930s. It was originally named São Bernardo because the municipality district headquarters were in São Bernardo do Campo, now a city nearby. In 1938, the name was changed to Santo André, as the district government was transferred to Santo André. Industries include chemical engineering, textiles, oil, metal products, metallurgy and printed matter. It is an industrial city, but more than 60% of Santo André's total area are protected by environmental water laws.

In 1867, a railway named the São Paulo Railway or the Estrada de Ferro Santos-Jundiaí, made it easier to be reached. In 1954, it became the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Santo André.

In 2002 the city shot to national prominence with the assassination of serving mayor Celso Daniel, whose murder remains unsolved.

Districts

Demography

Color/Race Percentage
White 65.8%
Mixed 16.9%
Black 15.4%
Asian 1.2%
Amerindian 0.1%

Source: Census 2010

Sports

Football

  • Brazilian National Cup Champion in 2004, beating Flamengo in final game at Maracana Stadium in front of more than 80,000 Flamengo fans.
  • Paulista 2nd Division Champions in 1967, 1975, 1981 and 2008.
  • Copa Estado de São Paulo, 2003
  • Copa São Paulo Under-20, 2002
  • Pelé scored his first professional goal ever at Santos Futebol Clube in Santo André Stadium

Volleyball

  • Men's Volleyball Team - Pirelli Volleyball Club
  • Men's World Club Champion in 1984. Later, the team had his name changed to Shopping ABC
  • Santo André due to a new sponsorship contract signed with Shopping ABC, one of the biggest malls in the city.

Basketball

  • Men's Basketball Team - Pinheiros Santo André - Plays Paulista League of Basketball

Boxing

  • Hosts national Olympic team at Pedro Dell'Antonia Gymnasium facilities.

Twin towns – sister cities

Santo André is twinned with:[7]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" (PDF). Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano. Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento (PNUD). 2010. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  3. ^ Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
  4. ^ "O ranking definitivo das cidades mais desenvolvidas do país". EXAME. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
  5. ^ "10 cidades mais desenvolvidas de cada estado, segundo a ONU". EXAME. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  6. ^ "As melhores e piores grandes cidades para criar seus filhos". EXAME. 2 March 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Anuário de Santo André 2013" (PDF). santoandre.sp.gov.br (in Portuguese). Santo André. 2013. p. 88. Retrieved 2020-05-22.

External links

Copyright