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|13th Governor of Punjab|
18 September 1978 – 1 May 1980
|Preceded by||Aslam Riaz Hussain|
|Succeeded by||Lt-Gen. Ghulam Jilani Khan|
1 December 1924
Rawalpindi District, British Raj
|Years of service||1946–1984|
|Unit||Pakistan Army Corps of Artillery|
|Commands||Vice-Chief of Army Staff
IV Corps in Lahore
XI Corps in Peshawar
Adjutant-General, Army GHQ
|Battles/wars||Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
|Post-Retirement Work||Community Service President Northern University, Nowshera Khyber Pakhtunkhuwa|
General Sawar Khan (Urdu: سوار خان) NI(m), is a retired four-star rank army general who served as the Vice Chief of Army Staff under President Zia-ul-Haq from 1980 until 1984. Prior to that, he served as the Governor of Punjab to enforce martial law imposed by then-army chief Gen. Zia against civilian government in 1977.
Sawar Khan was commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery of the Indian Army in 1946 after his passing out from the OTS in Bangalore. As an army captain, Sawar served as an instructor gunnery (IG) at the School of Artillery. His combat services witnessed his participation in second and third war with India. In 1975-76, Maj-Gen. Sawar was posted in Army GHQ in Rawalpindi as an Adjutant-General.:209
On 24 March 1976, Major-General Sawar was informal by then-Defence Secretary, Ghulam Ishaq, of government's decision of retiring the commissions of seven army generals, with Sawar promoting to three-star rank.:contents Lieutenant-General Sawar Khan was eventually appointed as the field commander of the XI Corps based in Peshawar. In 1978, Lt-Gen. Sawar Khan was posted as a field commander of the IV Corps in Lahore, taking over the command by Lt-Gen. Iqbal Khan.
Governorship of Punjab and vice-chief of army staff
In 1978, Lt-Gen. Sawar was appointed as martial law administrator and took over the governorship of Punjab, performing a difficult task in the province where the democratic movements were taking place.:34
In 1980, Lt-Gen. Sawar Khan was promoted to four-star rank and was posted as the Vice Chief of Army Staff under President Zia-ul-Haq at the Army GHQ in Rawalpindi. His views reflected the anti-Russian views and supported the covert operations against the Soviet Union intervened in Afghanistan, which he viewed as a direct threat to Pakistan.:xix In 1984, Lt-Gen. Sawar sought retirement from the military and was eventually replaced by Lt-Gen. Khalid Mahmud Arif; and by the time, Sawar retired from the army, he built up his reputation in the army as a professional soldier.
- EAS Bokhari "Late Lt Gen SM Abbasi" Defence Journal, April 2002
- "LATE LT GEN SM ABBASI". archive.is. 23 July 2012. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2018.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Malik, Maj-Gen. Tajammal Hussain (1991). The Story of My Struggle (snippet view) (1st ed.). Karachi, Pakistan: Jang Publishers. p. 249. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Sehri, Inam (2012). "§(Who Supported Zia?)". Judges and Generals of Pakistan Volume - I (google books) (1st ed.). Grosvenor House Publishing. ISBN 9781781480434. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- A.H. Amin "Remembering Our Warriors: Maj Gen (Retd) Tajammal Hussain Malik" Defence Journal, September 2001
- Rahimullah Yusufzai. "Change of Guard at Peshawar's 11th Corps" The News, 10 May 2001
- Burki, Shahid Javed (2018). Pakistan: Fifty Years Of Nationhood, Third Edition (3rd ed.). Routledge. ISBN 9780429978135. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Cloughley, Brian (2008). War, Coups & Terror: Pakistan's Army in Years of Turmoil. Skyhorse Publishing Inc. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-60239-698-2. Retrieved 7 April 2018 – via Internet Archive.
sawar khan governor.
- Rizwan Hussain. "Pakistan and the Emergence of Islamic Militancy in Afghanistan" Ashgate Publishing, 2005, ISBN 0-7546-4434-0
- Service, United States Foreign Broadcast Information (1982). Daily Report: People's Republic of China. National Technical Information Service. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "Pakistan under Zia, 1977–1988", by Shahid Javed Burki Asian Survey, Vol. 28, No. 10 (Oct., 1988), pp. 1082–1100
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