Scotland (European Parliament constituency)

Scotland
Alba
European Parliament constituency
Map of the 2014 European Parliament constituencies with Scotland Alba highlighted in red
Location among the 2014 constituencies
Member state United Kingdom
Created 1999
MEPs 8 (1999–2004)
7 (2004–2009)
6 (2009–2020)
Sources
[1][2]

Scotland (Scots: Scotland, Scottish Gaelic: Alba [ˈal̪ˠapə] (About this soundlisten)) was a constituency of the European Parliament created in 1999. It elected between eight and six MEPs using the D'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation every 5 years from 1999 until 2020, when the constituency was abolished after the United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020.

Boundaries

The constituency's boundaries were the same as those of Scotland, one of the four countries of the United Kingdom.

History

The constituency was formed as a result of the European Parliamentary Elections Act 1999, replacing a number of single-member constituencies. These were Glasgow, Highlands and Islands, Lothians, Mid Scotland and Fife, North East Scotland, South of Scotland, Strathclyde East, and Strathclyde West.

The number of MEPs returned by the constituency was eight in 1999, seven in 2004, and six in 2009, 2014 and 2019.

After the result of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum vote to leave the European Union in 2016, this constituency was abolished on 31 January 2020 following completion of the Article 50 withdrawal process.

Returned members

Election results

Elected candidates are listed in bold. Brackets indicate the number of votes per seat won.

2019

Map of highest polling party in each Scottish council area;
   SNP
European Election 2019: Scotland[2][3]
List Candidates Votes % ±
SNP Alyn Smith2 (1)
Christian Allard (2)
Aileen McLeod (5)
Margaret Ferrier, Heather Anderson, Alex Kerr[4]
594,533
(198,177.67)
37.8% +8.8%
Brexit Party Louis Stedman-Bryce (3)
Karina Walker, James Ferguson-Hannah, Stuart Waiton, Paul Aitken, Calum Walker
233,006 14.8% N/A
Liberal Democrats Sheila Ritchie (4)
Fred Mackintosh, Catriona Bhatia, Vita Zaporozcenko, John Edward, Clive Sneddon[5]
218,285 13.9% +6.8%
Conservative Nosheena Mobarik (6)
Ian McGill, Shona Haslam, Iain Whyte, Andrea Gee, Michael Kusznir[6]
182,476 11.6% -5.6%
Labour David Martin, Jayne Baxter, Craig Miller, Amy Lee Fraioli, Callum O’Dwyer, Angela Bretherton[7] 146,724 9.3% -16.6%
Scottish Green Maggie Chapman, Lorna Slater, Gillian MacKay, Chas Booth, Mags Hall, Allan Faulds 129,603 8.2% +0.1%
Change UK David Macdonald,1 Kate Forman, Peter Griffiths, Heather Astbury, Colin McFadyen, Cathy Edgeworth 30,004 1.9% N/A
UKIP Donald MacKay, Janice MacKay, Otto Inglis, Mark Meechan, Roy Hill[8] 28,418 1.8% -8.7%
Independent Gordon Edgar[9] 6,128 0.39 N/A
Independent Ken Parke[9] 2,049 0.13 N/A
Turnout 1,561,226 39.9% +6.4

1 On 15 May, David Macdonald, the lead candidate for Change UK in Scotland, switched to endorsing the Liberal Democrats in order not to split the pro-Remain vote.[10]

2 Alyn Smith resigned his seat following his election to the Parliament of the United Kingdom in the 2019 United Kingdom general election, alongside Margaret Ferrier. He was replaced by Heather Anderson in January 2020.[11]

2014

Map of highest polling party in each Scottish council area;
   SNP
   Labour
European Election 2014: Scotland[12][13]
List Candidates Votes % ±
SNP Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith
Tasmina Ahmed-Sheikh, Stephen Gethins, Toni Giugliano, Chris Stephens[14][15]
389,503
(194,751.5)
29.0 −0.1
Labour David Martin, Catherine Stihler
Derek Munn, Katrina Murray, Asim Khan, Kirsty O'Brien[16]
348,219
(174,109.5)
25.9 +5.1
Conservative Ian Duncan
Belinda Don, Nosheena Mobarik, Jamie Gardiner, Iain McGill, Stuart Mcintyre[15][17]
231,330 17.2 +0.4
UKIP David Coburn
Kevin Newton, Otto Inglis, Denise Baykal, Hugh Hatrick, Malcolm Mackay[18][19]
140,534 10.5 +5.2
Scottish Green Maggie Chapman, Chas Booth, Grace Murray, Alastair Whitelaw, Anne Thomas, Steen Parish[20] 108,305 8.1 +0.8
Liberal Democrats George Lyon, Christine Jardine, Lisa Strachan, Richard Brodie, Jade Holden, Euan Davidson[20] 95,319 7.1 −4.4
Britain First James Dowson, John Arthur Randall, Jayda Kaleigh Fransen, Geoffrey Clynch, Margaret Dorothy Clynch, Jane Susan Shepherd 13,639 1.0 N/A
BNP Kenneth McDonald, David James Orr, Victoria McKenzie, Angus Jim Mathys, Paul Brandy Stafford, Stacey Jayne Fleming 10,216 0.8 −1.7
NO2EU John Odell Foster, Andrew Elliott, Murdo Maclean, Gail Morrow, Brian Smith, Richard Edward Veitch 6,418 0.5 −0.4
Turnout 1,343,483 33.5 +5.0

† Ian Duncan resigned his seat in September 2017, to take up a seat in the House of Lords and be appointed as Under-Secretary of State for Scotland. He was replaced by Nosheena Mobarik later in the month.[21]

2009

Map of the highest polling parties in each Scottish council area;
   SNP
   Labour
European Election 2009: Scotland[22][23][24][25]
List Candidates Votes % ±
SNP Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith
Aileen McLeod, Drew Hendry, Duncan Ross, Gordon Archer
321,007
(160,503.5)
29.1 +9.4
Labour David Martin, Catherine Stihler
Mary Lockhart, Paul McAleavely, Kirsty Connell, Nasim Khan[26]
229,853
(114,926.5)
20.8 −5.6
Conservative Struan Stevenson
Belinda Don, Helen Gardiner, Donald G. MacDonald, Gerald Michaluk, PJ Lewis[27]
185,794 16.8 −0.9
Liberal Democrats George Lyon
Euan Robson, Robert Aldridge, Patsy Kenton, Douglas Herbison, Clive Sneddon[28]
127,038 11.5 −1.6
Scottish Green Elaine Morrison, Chas Booth, Kirsten Robb, Alastair Whitelaw, Ruth Dawkins, Peter McColl 80,442 7.3 +0.5
UKIP Peter Adams, Paul Hencke, Phillip Anderson, Matthew Desmond, Donald Mackay, Paul Wiffen, Kathleen Desmond[29] 57,788 5.2 −1.5
BNP Gary Raikes, Charlie Baillie, Deborah McKnight, Roy Jones, Max Dunbar, Elise Jones[30] 27,174 2.5 +0.8
Socialist Labour Louise McDaid, David Jacobsen, Katherine McGavigan, James Berrington, Claire Watt, James McDaid 22,135 2.0 +2.0
Scottish Christian Sheila McLaughlan, John Smart, Brian Ross, Archie Linnegan, Christine Cormack, Isobel Anne Macleod 16,738 1.5 +1.5
Scottish Socialist Colin Fox, Angela Gorrie, Johanna Dind, Nick McKerrell, Raphie de Santos, Felicity Garvie 10,404 0.9 -4.3
Independent Duncan Robertson 10,189 0.9 +0.9
NO2EU John Foster, Tommy Sheridan, Leah Ganley, Stuart Hyslop, Ajit Singh Uppal, Tom Morrison 9,693 0.9 +0.9
Jury Team Alan Wallace, John O'Callaghan, Stuart Brown, Kenneth Lees, Mev Brown, Austin Compson-Bradford[31] 6,257 0.6 +0.6
Turnout 1,104,512 28.5 −2.4

2004

Map of the highest polling parties in each Scottish Westminster constituency; SNP in yellow, Labour in red, Conservatives in blue, and Liberal Democrats in orange.
European Election 2004: Scotland[32]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Labour David Martin, Catherine Stihler
Bill Miller, Kirsty O'Brien, Colin Smyth, Catriona Renton, Gemma Doyle
310,865
(155,432.5)
26.4 −2.3
SNP Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith
Kenneth Gibson, Douglas Henderson, Alexander Nicholson, Alex Orr, Janet Law, Duncan Ross
231,505
(115,752.5)
19.7 −7.5
Conservative Struan Stevenson, John Purvis
Cameron Buchanan, Sebastian Leslie, Anne Harper, Paul Nelson, Douglas Taylor
209,028
(104,514)
17.8 −2.0
Liberal Democrats Elspeth Attwooll
Robert Aldridge, Alex Bruce, Karen Freel, Douglas Herbison, Clive Sneddon, Christine James, Jermaine Allison
154,178 13.1 +3.3
Scottish Green Chas Booth, Tara O'Leary, Martin Bartos, Moira Dunworth, Alastair Whitelaw, Katherine Joester, James Park 79,695 6.8 +1.0
UKIP Peter Troy, Philip Anderson, George Cormack, Michael Phillips, Janice Murdock, Donald Mackay, Peter Nielson 78,828 6.7 +5.4
Scottish Socialist Felicity Garvie, Nick McKerrel, Hugh Kerr, Catriona Grant, Lynn Sheridan, John Sangster, Andrew Rossiter 61,356 5.2 +1.2
Christian Vote George Hargreaves, William Thompson, Richard Russell, David Braid, Marion McNeill, Mary Hay, Rose Irtwange 21,056 1.8 N/A
BNP Steven Blake, Scott McLean, David Kerr, Stephen Burns, Bryan Dickson, Craig McComb, John Bean[33] 19,427 1.7 +1.3
Scottish Wind Watch Brendan Hamill, Sylvia Thorne, Charles Bennie, Jennifer Scobie, Bennie Palmer, Helen Pass, Richard Hammock 7,255 0.6 N/A
Independent Fergus Tait 3,624 0.3 N/A
Turnout 1,176,817 30.9 +6.2

1999

Map of the highest polling parties in each Scottish Westminster constituency; SNP in yellow, Labour in red, Conservatives in blue, and Liberal Democrats in orange.
European Election 1999: Scotland[34]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Labour David Martin, Bill Miller, Catherine Taylor
Christine May, Hugh McMahon, James Paton, John Clifford, Jeanette Bradley
283,490
(94,496.67)
28.7 N/A
SNP Ian Hudghton, Neil MacCormick
Anne Gillies, Gordon Wilson, Janet Law, Kris Browne, Ian Goldie, Josephine Docherty
268,528
(134,264)
27.2 N/A
Conservative Struan Stevenson, John Purvis
Anne Harper, Cameron Buchanan, Sebastian Leslie, Iain Mitchell, Peter Ramsay, Anthony Gilbey
195,296
(97,648)
19.8 N/A
Liberal Democrats Elspeth Attwooll
Robert Aldridge, Neil Mitchison, Heather Lyall, Clive Sneddon, Danus Skene, Karen Freel, Jayne Struthers
96,971 9.8 N/A
Scottish Green Marion Coyne, Eleanor Scott, Phil O'Brien, Graeme Farmer, Linda Hendry, Chris Ballance, Kay Allan, Alastair Whitelaw 57,142 5.8 N/A
Scottish Socialist Hugh Kerr, Rosie Kane, Harvey Duke, Catherine Stewart, Colin Fox, Shareen Blackall, Steve Arnott, Frances Curran 39,720 4.0 N/A
Pro-Euro Conservative Paul Dwyer, Joanna Lavender, Douglas McConchie, Richard Ashurst, Neasa MacEarlean, Oliver Grant, Alexander Skinner, James Waters 17,781 1.8 N/A
UKIP Alistair McConnachie, Donald Mackay, James McKenna, Stuart Brown, Matthew Henderson, Joseph Smith, Peter Nielson, John Mumford 12,459 1.3 N/A
Socialist Labour Louise McDaid, Christopher Herriot, Katharine McGavigan, Stephen Mayes, Patricia Graham, Colin Turbett, Margaret Stead, James Galloway 9,385 1.0 N/A
BNP Kenneth Smith, Scott McLean, Russell Bradley, Mark Allen, Paul Wilkinson, Robert Currie, David Kerr, James Mills 3,729 0.4 N/A
Natural Law James McKissock, George Stidolph, Diana Kras, Kenneth Blair, David Pettigrew, Iain Petrie, Anna Rawlinson, Thomas Pringle 2,087 0.2 N/A
Accountant for Lower Scottish Taxes Charles Lawson 1,632 0.2 N/A
Turnout 988,310 24.7 N/A

See also

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