Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]

How seniority is calculated

Members of the House are arranged by the number of terms they have served, before being arranged by the beginning date of their most recent continuous service. Where members have served the same number of terms and have the same date of service, they are arranged alphabetically by last name.[1]

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), they are ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniority

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[2] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.

The higher the levels you are in seniority, the more likely you get desirable committee assignments, or leadership posts like the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee or Republican Policy Committee. Normally, the more senior you are in a certain committee, the more likely you will be chosen to be the committee chair, or ranking member should your caucus be in the minority. However, in some more powerful and exclusive committees like House Committee on Energy and Commerce and House Committee on Appropriations, you may not be chosen as the chair even if you are the most senior member.[citation needed]

Vacancies

Expected vacancies

  • New Mexico 1: Deb Haaland expected to resign to join the Biden Administration as the Secretary of Interior, once confirmed by the Senate.
  • Ohio 11: Marcia Fudge expected to resign to join the Biden Administration as the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, once confirmed by the Senate.

Current seniority list

Rank Member Party District Seniority date
Previous service (if any)[b]
Committee and leadership positions
1 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973 Dean of the House
2 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981  
3 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4
4 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
5 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
6 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
7 Fred Upton R Michigan 6  
8 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
9 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
10 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 January 3, 1989 Chair: Ways and Means
11 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997
1987–1995
 
12 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991 Chair: Appropriations
13 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
14 Jerry Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
15 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003
1983–1995
 
16 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993
17 Ken Calvert R California 42
18 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
19 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
20 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
21 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
22 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
23 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40  
24 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
25 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
26 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
27 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
28 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
29 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
30 Mike Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
31 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
32 Zoe Lofgren D California 19 Chair: House Administration
33 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
34 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
35 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
36 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
37 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
38 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
39 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
40 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
41 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
42 Brad Sherman D California 30
43 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
44 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998 Chair: Foreign Affairs
45 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998  
46 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011
1995–2009
47 John B. Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999
48 Grace Napolitano D California 32
49 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
50 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
51 Mike Thompson D California 5
52 Pete Sessions R Texas 17 January 3, 2021
1997–2019
53 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 January 3, 2001 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
54 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
55 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
56 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
57 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
58 Stephen F. Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
59 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
60 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26 January 3, 2003
61 John Carter R Texas 31
62 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
63 Mario DĂ­az-Balart R Florida 25  
64 RaĂşl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
65 Devin Nunes R California 22 Ranking Member: Intelligence
66 Mike Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Armed Services
67 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
68 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
69 Linda Sánchez D California 38
70 David Scott D Georgia 13 Chair: Agriculture
71 Mike Turner R Ohio 10  
72 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
73 Darrell Issa R California 50 January 3, 2021
2001–2019
74 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
75 Jim Costa D California 16
76 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
77 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1
78 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
79 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
80 Al Green D Texas 9
81 Brian Higgins D New York 26
82 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
83 Patrick McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
84 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
85 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4  
86 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
87 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
88 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
89 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
90 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
91 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
92 Yvette Clarke D New York 9
93 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
94 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
95 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
96 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Judiciary
97 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
98 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
99 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
100 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
101 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
102 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
103 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
104 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
105 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
106 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
107 AndrĂ© Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
108 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
109 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
110 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008  
111 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009
112 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
113 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
114 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3 Ranking Member: Small Business
115 Tom McClintock R California 4  
116 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
117 Bill Posey R Florida 8
118 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5
119 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15 Ranking Member: Agriculture
120 Paul Tonko D New York 20  
121 Mike Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
122 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
123 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
124 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
125 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010  
126 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011
2007–2009
127 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013
2008–2011
128 Kweisi Mfume D Maryland 7 April 28, 2020
1987–1996
129 Karen Bass D California 37 January 3, 2011
130 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
131 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
132 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
133 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
134 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
135 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
136 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
137 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
138 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
139 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
140 Andy Harris R Maryland 1
141 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
142 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
143 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
144 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
145 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
146 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
147 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
148 Billy Long R Missouri 7
149 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
150 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
151 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
152 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
153 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
154 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
155 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
156 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
157 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3
158 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
159 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
160 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
161 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
162 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
163 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013
2009–2011
164 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6 January 3, 2013
165 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
166 Ami Bera D California 7
167 Julia Brownley D California 26
168 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
169 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
170 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
171 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
172 Rodney L. Davis R Illinois 13 Ranking Member: House Administration
173 Lois Frankel D Florida 21  
174 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
175 Jared Huffman D California 2
176 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
177 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
178 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
179 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
180 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
181 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
182 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
183 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
184 Grace Meng D New York 6
185 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
186 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
187 Scott Peters D California 52
188 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
189 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
190 Raul Ruiz D California 36
191 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
192 Eric Swalwell D California 15
193 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
194 Juan Vargas D California 51  
195 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
196 Filemon Vela Jr. D Texas 34
197 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
198 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2 Ranking Member: Ethics
199 Randy Weber R Texas 14  
200 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
201 Roger Williams R Texas 25
202 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
203 Jason T. Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013 Ranking Member: Budget
204 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013 Assistant Speaker
205 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014  
206 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
207 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019
2009–2011; 2013–2017
208 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 January 3, 2019
2002–2007
209 Pete Aguilar D California 31 January 3, 2015
210 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
211 Brian Babin R Texas 36
212 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
213 Mike Bost R Illinois 12 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
214 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2  
215 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
216 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
217 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
218 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
219 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
220 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
221 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
222 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
223 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
224 French Hill R Arkansas 2
225 John Katko R New York 24 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
226 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14  
227 Ted Lieu D California 33
228 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
229 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
230 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
231 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
232 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
233 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
234 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
235 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
236 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
237 Norma Torres D California 35
238 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
239 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
240 Lee Zeldin R New York 1  
241 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
242 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
243 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
244 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
245 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3  
246 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017
2013–2015
247 David Valadao R California 21 January 3, 2021
2013–2019
248 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19 January 3, 2017
249 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
250 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
251 Nanette Barragan D California 44
252 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
253 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
254 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
255 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
256 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
257 Salud Carbajal D California 24
258 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large Republican Conference Chairwoman
259 Lou Correa D California 46
260 Charlie Crist D Florida 13
261 Val Demings D Florida 10
262 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
263 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
264 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
265 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
266 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
267 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
268 Vicente Gonzalez D Texas 15
269 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
270 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
271 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
272 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
273 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
274 Ro Khanna D California 17
275 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
276 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
277 Al Lawson D Florida 5
278 Brian Mast R Florida 18
279 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
280 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
281 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
282 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
283 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
284 John Rutherford R Florida 4
285 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
286 Darren Soto D Florida 9
287 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
288 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
289 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
290 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
291 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
292 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
293 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
294 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
295 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
296 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
297 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
298 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
299 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
300 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019
2013–2015
301 Colin Allred D Texas 32 January 3, 2019
302 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
303 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
304 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
305 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
306 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
307 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
308 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
309 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
310 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
311 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
312 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
313 Antonio Delgado D New York 19
314 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
315 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
316 Chuy GarcĂ­a D Illinois 4
317 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
318 Jared Golden D Maine 2
319 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
320 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
321 Mark E. Green R Tennessee 7
322 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3
323 Deb Haaland D New Mexico 1
324 Jim Hagedorn R Minnesota 1
325 Josh Harder D California 10
326 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
327 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
328 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
329 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
330 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
331 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
332 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
333 Mike Levin D California 49
334 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
335 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
336 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
337 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
338 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
339 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
340 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
341 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
342 Lizzie Pannill Fletcher D Texas 7
343 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
344 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
345 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
346 Katie Porter D California 45
347 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
348 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
349 John Rose R Tennessee 6
350 Chip Roy R Texas 21
351 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
352 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
353 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
354 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
355 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
356 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
357 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
358 Greg Steube R Florida 17
359 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
360 Van Taylor R Texas 3
361 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
362 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
363 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
364 David Trone D Maryland 6
365 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
366 Jeff Van Drew R[c] New Jersey 2
367 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
368 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
369 Ron Wright R Texas 6
370 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
371 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 9 September 10, 2019
372 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
373 Mike Garcia R California 25 May 12, 2020
374 Tom Tiffany R Wisconsin 7
375 Chris Jacobs R New York 27 June 23, 2020
376 Jake Auchincloss D Massachusetts 4 January 3, 2021
377 Cliff Bentz R Oregon 2
378 Stephanie Bice R Oklahoma 5
379 Lauren Boebert R Colorado 3
380 Carolyn Bourdeaux D Georgia 7
381 Jamaal Bowman D New York 16
382 Cori Bush D Missouri 1
383 Kat Cammack R Florida 3
384 Jerry Carl R Alabama 1
385 Madison Cawthorn R North Carolina 11
386 Andrew Clyde R Georgia 9
387 Byron Donalds R Florida 19
388 Pat Fallon R Texas 4
389 Randy Feenstra R Iowa 4
390 Michelle Fischbach R Minnesota 7
391 Scott L. Fitzgerald R Wisconsin 5
392 Scott Franklin R Florida 15
393 Andrew Garbarino R New York 2
394 Carlos A. GimĂ©nez R Florida 26
395 Tony Gonzales R Texas 23
396 Bob Good R Virginia 5
397 Marjorie Taylor Greene R Georgia 14
398 Diana Harshbarger R Tennessee 1
399 Yvette Herrell R New Mexico 2
400 Ashley Hinson R Iowa 1
401 Kai Kahele D Hawaii 2
402 Young Kim R California 39
403 Ronny Jackson R Texas 13
404 Sara Jacobs D California 53
405 Mondaire Jones D New York 17
406 Jake LaTurner R Kansas 2
407 Teresa Leger Fernandez D New Mexico 3
408 Nancy Mace R South Carolina 1
409 Nicole Malliotakis R New York 11
410 Tracey Mann R Kansas 1
411 Kathy Manning D North Carolina 6
412 Lisa McClain R Michigan 10
413 Peter Meijer R Michigan 3
414 Mary Miller R Illinois 15
415 Mariannette Miller-Meeks R Iowa 2
416 Barry Moore R Alabama 2
417 Blake Moore R Utah 1
418 Frank J. Mrvan D Indiana 1
419 Troy Nehls R Texas 22
420 Marie Newman D Illinois 3
421 Jay Obernolte R California 8
422 Burgess Owens R Utah 4
423 August Pfluger R Texas 11
424 Matt Rosendale R Montana at-large
425 Deborah K. Ross D North Carolina 2
426 Maria Elvira Salazar R Florida 27
427 Victoria Spartz R Indiana 5
428 Michelle Steel R California 48
429 Marilyn Strickland D Washington 10
430 Ritchie Torres D New York 15
431 Beth Van Duyne R Texas 24
432 Nikema Williams D Georgia 5
Rank Member Party District Seniority date
Previous service (if any)[b]
Committee and leadership positions

Delegates

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date
(Previous service, if any)
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan I[d] Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 Michael San Nicolas D Guam at-large January 3, 2019

See also

Other Languages

Copyright