Shadow Cabinet of Jeremy Corbyn

Jeremy Corbyn assumed the position of Leader of the Opposition after being elected as leader of the Labour Party on 12 September 2015; the election was triggered by Ed Miliband's resignation following the Labour Party's electoral defeat at the 2015 general election when David Cameron formed a majority Conservative government.

Corbyn appointed his first Shadow Cabinet in September 2015. A small reshuffle occurred on 5 January 2016, with one further resignation on 11 January 2016. Dozens of further resignations occurred on 26 and 27 June 2016.[1] The cabinet was reshuffled following the 2017 and 2019 general elections.

Shadow Cabinet from 2015 to 2020

Portfolio Shadow Minister Term
Leader of the Opposition
Leader of the Labour Party
Jeremy Corbyn 2015–2020
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party Tom Watson 2015–2019
Vacant 2019–2020
Shadow First Secretary of State Angela Eagle 2015–2016
Vacant 2016–2017
Emily Thornberry 2017–2020
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer John McDonnell 2015–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Hilary Benn 2015–2016
Emily Thornberry 2016–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for the Home Department Andy Burnham 2015–2016
Lyn Brown 2017
Diane Abbott 2016–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills (2015–2016)
Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2016–present)
Angela Eagle 2015–2016
Jon Trickett 2016
Clive Lewis 2016–2017
Rebecca Long-Bailey 2017–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Health and Social Care Heidi Alexander 2015–2016
Diane Abbott 2016
Jonathan Ashworth 2016–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Education Lucy Powell 2015–2016
Pat Glass 2016
Angela Rayner 2016–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union Emily Thornberry 2016
Keir Starmer 2016–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Justice
Shadow Lord Chancellor
The Lord Falconer of Thoroton 2015–2016
Richard Burgon 2016–2020
Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities (2015–2017)
Shadow Secretary of State for Women and Equalities (2017–present)
Kate Green 2015–2016
Angela Rayner 2016
Sarah Champion 2016–2017
Dawn Butler 2017–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for International Development Diane Abbott 2015–2016
Kate Osamor 2016–2018
Dan Carden 2018–2020
Shadow Leader of the House of Lords The Baroness Smith of Basildon 2015–2020
Shadow Leader of the House of Commons Chris Bryant 2015–2016
Paul Flynn 2016
Valerie Vaz 2016–2020
Shadow Lord President of the Council Jon Trickett 2016–2020
Shadow Minister for the Cabinet Office Tom Watson 2015–2016
Ian Lavery 2016–2017
Jon Trickett 2017–2020
Shadow Minister of State for the Cabinet Office
Deputy Shadow Minister for the Cabinet Office
Laura Smith 2018
Jo Platt 2018–2019
Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions Owen Smith 2015–2016
Debbie Abrahams 2016–2018
Margaret Greenwood 2018–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Housing John Healey 2016–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government Jon Trickett 2015–2016
Grahame Morris 2016
Teresa Pearce 2016–2017
Andrew Gwynne 2017–2020
Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury Seema Malhotra 2015–2016
Rebecca Long-Bailey 2016–2017
Peter Dowd 2017–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Wales Nia Griffith 2015–2016
Paul Flynn 2016
Jo Stevens 2016–2017
Christina Rees 2017–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Vernon Coaker 2015–2016
Dave Anderson 2016–2017
Owen Smith 2017–2018
Tony Lloyd 2018–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland Ian Murray 2015–2016
Dave Anderson 2016–2017
Lesley Laird 2017–2019
Tony Lloyd 2019–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Transport Lilian Greenwood 2015–2016
Andy McDonald 2016–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Defence Maria Eagle 2015–2016
Emily Thornberry 2016
Clive Lewis 2016
Nia Griffith 2016–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for International Trade
Shadow Minister for International Climate Change
Barry Gardiner 2016–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Michael Dugher 2015–2016
Maria Eagle 2016
Kelvin Hopkins 2016
Tom Watson 2016–2019
Tracy Brabin 2019–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Kerry McCarthy 2015–2016
Rachael Maskell 2016–2017
Sue Hayman 2017–2019
Luke Pollard 2019–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Employment Rights Laura Pidcock 2019
Rachel Maskell 2019–2020
Shadow Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change (2015-2016) Lisa Nandy 2015–2016
Barry Gardiner 2016
Shadow Attorney General Catherine McKinnell 2015–2016
Karl Turner 2016
The Baroness Chakrabarti 2016–2020
Opposition Chief Whip in the House of Commons Rosie Winterton 2015–2016
Nick Brown 2016–2020
Opposition Chief Whip in the House of Lords The Lord Bassam of Brighton 2015–2018
Lord McAvoy 2018–2020
Shadow Minister for Mental Health and Social Care Luciana Berger 2015–2016
Barbara Keeley 2016–2020
Shadow Minister for Young People and Voter Registration (2015–2016)
Shadow Minister for Voter Engagement and Youth Affairs (2016–present)
Gloria De Piero 2015–2016
Cat Smith 2016–2020
Shadow Minister without Portfolio Jonathan Ashworth 2015–2016
Andrew Gwynne 2016–2017
Ian Lavery 2017–2020
Chairman of the Labour Party Tom Watson 2015–2017
Ian Lavery 2017–2020
Co–National Campaign Coordinator Andrew Gwynne
Ian Lavery
2017–2020
Leader of the EPLP Glenis Willmott 2015–2017
Richard Corbett 2017-2020

Creation

Corbyn named his first Shadow Cabinet appointments on 13 September and announced its full composition on 14 September. One of Labour's largest reshuffles, the announcement was further delayed by a large number of previous Shadow Cabinet members publicly announcing they would not participate under Corbyn, even if called to do so. The following members declined to serve:

The remaining changes are as follows:

Composition

  • In his inaugural Shadow Cabinet, 17 out of 31 members were women, making it the first frontbench team in British parliamentary history to comprise a female majority. Corbyn was criticised for giving what are traditionally seen as the top jobs (Chancellor, Home Secretary and Foreign Secretary) to men, although he insisted that positions such as Education and Health Secretary were just as important.[6]
  • All members of Corbyn's first Shadow Cabinet previously voted in favour of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013.[7]

January 2016 reshuffle

On 6 January 2016, Corbyn replaced Shadow Culture Secretary Michael Dugher with Shadow Defence Secretary Maria Eagle (who was in turn replaced by Shadow Employment Minister Emily Thornberry).[8] He also replaced Shadow Europe Minister (not attending Shadow Cabinet) Pat McFadden with Pat Glass.[8] The reshuffle prompted three junior shadow ministers to resign in solidarity with McFadden: Shadow Rail Minister Jonathan Reynolds, Shadow Defence Minister Kevan Jones and Shadow Foreign Minister Stephen Doughty.[8][citation needed][9] On 7 January, Reynolds was replaced by Andy McDonald, Doughty by Fabian Hamilton, Jones by Kate Hollern and Thornberry by Angela Rayner; as well as appointing Jenny Chapman to the education team and Jo Stevens to the justice team.[10]

On 11 January 2016, Shadow Attorney General Catherine McKinnell resigned, citing party infighting, family reasons and a wish to speak in Parliament away from front-bench responsibilities. She was replaced by Karl Turner.[11]

June 2016 reshuffle

Resignations

On Sunday 26 June and Monday 27 June 2016, a number of members of the shadow cabinet either resigned or were sacked. This process began with Jeremy Corbyn sacking Hilary Benn as Shadow Foreign Secretary in the early hours of Sunday morning after Corbyn informed Benn that he knew Benn had been constructing a coup against the Leadership during the run up to the vote to leave the European Union. Subsequently, the following resigned (in chronological order):

  • Heidi Alexander – Shadow Health Secretary[12][13][14]
  • Gloria De Piero – Shadow Minister for Young People and Voter Registration[13][14]
  • Ian Murray – Shadow Scottish Secretary[13][14]
  • Lilian Greenwood – Shadow Transport Secretary[13][14]
  • Lucy Powell – Shadow Education Secretary[13][14]
  • Kerry McCarthy – Shadow Environment Secretary[13][14]
  • Seema Malhotra – Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury[13][14]
  • Vernon Coaker – Shadow Northern Ireland Secretary[13][14]
  • Charles Falconer – Shadow Justice Secretary[13][14]
  • Karl Turner – Shadow Attorney General[13][14]
  • Chris Bryant – Shadow Leader of the House of Commons[13][14]
  • Diana Johnson – Shadow Foreign and Commonwealth Minister[14]

On 27 June:

  • Lisa Nandy – Shadow Energy Secretary[13][14]
  • Owen Smith – Shadow Work and Pensions Secretary[13][14]
  • Angela Eagle – Shadow First Secretary of State and Shadow Business Secretary[13][14]
  • John Healey – Shadow Minister for Housing and Planning[13][14]
  • Nia Griffith – Shadow Welsh Secretary[13][14]
  • Maria Eagle – Shadow Culture Secretary[13][14]
  • Kate Green – Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities[13][14]
  • Luciana Berger – Shadow Minister for Mental Health[13][14]

On 29 June:

  • Pat Glass – new Shadow Education Secretary[14]

All cited concerns over the EU vote and Corbyn's leadership.[12][citation needed]

Lords leader Angela Smith of Basildon and Lords chief whip Steve Bassam stated they would boycott shadow cabinet meetings while Jeremy Corbyn remained leader. They remained members of the shadow cabinet as these positions are elected by the Labour members of the upper chamber. They returned to attending shadow cabinet four months later.[15][16]

New appointments

Following the resignations, Corbyn appointed several new MPs to shadow cabinet positions:[17]

  • Emily Thornberry – Shadow Foreign Secretary
  • Diane Abbott – Shadow Health Secretary
  • Pat Glass – Shadow Education Secretary (resigned on 29 June 2016)
  • Andy McDonald – Shadow Transport Secretary
  • Clive Lewis – Shadow Defence Secretary
  • Rebecca Long-Bailey – Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury
  • Kate Osamor – Shadow International Development Secretary (resigned on 1 December 2018)
  • Rachael Maskell – Shadow Environment Secretary
  • Cat Smith – Shadow Minister for Voter Engagement and Youth Affairs
  • Dave Anderson – Shadow Northern Ireland Secretary
  • Dave Anderson – Shadow Scottish Secretary
  • Richard Burgon – Shadow Justice Secretary
  • Debbie Abrahams – Shadow Work and Pensions Secretary
  • Grahame Morris – Shadow Communities Secretary
  • Barry Gardiner – Shadow Energy Secretary
  • Jon Trickett – Shadow Lord President of the Council
  • Jon Trickett – Shadow Business Secretary
  • Angela Rayner – Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities (later appointed Shadow Education Secretary)
  • Angela Rayner – Shadow Education Secretary
  • Paul Flynn – Shadow Secretary of State for Wales[18]
  • Paul Flynn – Shadow Leader of the House of Commons
  • Kelvin Hopkins – Shadow Culture Secretary
  • Emily Thornberry – Shadow Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union
  • Barry Gardiner – Shadow International Trade Secretary

October 2016 reshuffle

Following his victory in the 2016 Labour Party leadership election, Jeremy Corbyn began a reshuffle of his cabinet on 7 October:[19]

Summary of changes

Owen Smith, who lost to Corbyn in the preceding leadership election, declined to continue in Shadow Cabinet, if offered. Angela Smith and Steve Bassam formally returned to Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Leader of the House of Lords and Shadow Chief Whip of the House of Lords after boycotting following the June reshuffle.

February 2017 reshuffle

Resignations

On Thursday 19 January, Jeremy Corbyn was reported to be preparing to order Labour MPs to vote to support triggering Article 50 in the vote on the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill 2017, in line with a three-line whip.[20] This triggered the following resignations from the frontbench (in chronological order):

On Thursday 26 January:

  • Tulip Siddiq – Shadow Minister for Early Years (not in Shadow Cabinet)[21]

On Friday 27 January:

On Wednesday 1 February:

On Wednesday 8 February:

  • Clive Lewis – Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy[24]

Replacements

  • Clive Lewis was replaced by Rebecca Long-Bailey as Shadow Business Secretary
    • Rebecca Long-Bailey was replaced by Peter Dowd as Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury
  • Rachel Maskell was replaced by Sue Hayman as Shadow Environment Secretary
  • Jo Stevens was replaced by Christina Rees as Shadow Welsh Secretary

June 2017 reshuffles

Following the 2017 general election, Corbyn began a reshuffle of his shadow cabinet:[25]

On 14 June 2017:

Later that month, Corbyn sacked three shadow ministers (Ruth Cadbury, Catherine West and Andy Slaughter) and a fourth (Daniel Zeichner) resigned.[26] This was after they had rebelled against party orders to abstain in the vote on a motion that was proposed by the then Labour MP Chuka Umunna and was aimed at keeping the UK in the EU single market.[26]

August 2017

Dawn Butler was appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Women and Equalities, replacing Sarah Champion.

October 2017

Richard Corbett was elected Leader of the European Parliamentary Labour Party, replacing Glenis Willmott and attending Shadow Cabinet meetings.

January 2018

Tommy McAvoy was elected Opposition Chief Whip in the House of Lords, replacing Steve Bassam.

March 2018

Debbie Abrahams, Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, was sacked. She was replaced by Margaret Greenwood. Owen Smith, Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, was sacked. He was replaced by Tony Lloyd.

December 2018

Kate Osamor, Shadow Secretary of State for International Development, resigned. She was replaced by Dan Carden.

January 2020

2020 post-election cabinet reshuffle

In the 2019 general election, a number of Shadow Ministers lost their seats; mostly to Boris Johnson's Conservatives. The following replacement appointments were made.

As Tom Watson stood down at the election, he was replaced as Shadow Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport by Tracy Brabin.

Newcomer MP Bell Ribeiro-Addy was immediately appointed Shadow Minister for Immigration.

Positions without successors

  • Karen Lee was not replaced as Shadow Fire and Rescue Services Minister.
  • David Drew was not replaced as Shadow Farming and Rural Communities Minister
  • Sandy Martin was not replaced as Shadow Minister for Waste and Recycling.
  • Danielle Rowley was not replaced as Shadow Minister for Shadow Minister for Climate Justice and Green Jobs.
  • Paula Sherriff was not replaced as Shadow Minister for Social Care and Mental Health.
  • Paul Sweeney was not replaced as Shadow Scotland Minister.


See also

References

  1. ^ Syal, Rajeev; Perraudin, Frances; Slawson, Nicola (27 June 2016). "Shadow cabinet resignations: who has gone and who is staying". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Riley-Smith, Ben (14 September 2015). "Chaos behind Jeremy Corbyn's reshuffle revealed". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  3. ^ Murphy, Joe (15 September 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn: I won't wear White Poppy at the Cenotaph on Remembrance Day". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Andy Burnham and John McDonnell get top jobs in Corbyn's Shadow Cabinet". The Daily Telegraph. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  5. ^ Williams, Rob (13 September 2015). "Ivan Lewis out of Shadow Cabinet after Jeremy Corbyn rejects his offer to stay in Northern Ireland job". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  6. ^ Dathan, Matt (14 September 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn comes out fighting amid sexism row and insists shadow Cabinet positions he has given to women are the real 'top jobs'". The Independent. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  7. ^ Wells, Nick (14 September 2015). "Labour's new shadow cabinet all voted in favour of same-sex marriage". PinkNews. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  8. ^ a b c "Labour reshuffle: Thornberry replaces Eagle for defence, McFadden sacked and Benn stays".
  9. ^ Frances Perraudin and Rowena Mason. "Three shadow ministers resign over Corbyn's 'dishonest' reshuffle". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  10. ^ Perraudin, Frances (7 January 2016). "Six junior shadow ministers appointed as Corbyn completes reshuffle". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  11. ^ Perraudin, Frances (11 January 2016). "Labour's Catherine McKinnell quits shadow cabinet". BBC News. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  12. ^ a b Asthana, Anushka; Boffey, Daniel; Phipps, Claire (26 June 2016). "Labour in crisis: shadow ministers resign in protests against Corbyn". The Observer. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Staff writer (28 June 2016). "Who's staying and who's going in the shadow cabinet?". BBC News. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Syal, Rajeev; Perraudin, Frances; Slawson, Nicola (26 June 2016). "Shadow cabinet resignations: who has gone and who is staying". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  15. ^ "Who's staying and who's going in the shadow cabinet?". BBC News. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  16. ^ Edwards, Peter (11 October 2016). "Peers return to shadow Cabinet four months after summer rebellion". LabourList. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  17. ^ "Jeremy Corbyn unveils new top team after resignations". BBC News. 27 June 2016. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  18. ^ Silk, Huw (3 July 2016). "Newport MP Paul Flynn, 81, appointed shadow Welsh secretary by Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn". WalesOnline. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  19. ^ "Labour's new shadow cabinet in full". BBC News. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  20. ^ Heather Stewart and Rowena Mason (19 January 2017). "Corbyn to order Labour MPs to vote for article 50 trigger". The Guardian.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  21. ^ Jessica Elgot (26 January 2017). "Labour MP Tulip Siddiq resigns from frontbench over article 50 vote". The Guardian.
  22. ^ Tamara Cohen (27 January 2017). "Jo Stevens quits shadow cabinet over Corbyn's Brexit stance". Sky News.
  23. ^ a b Rowena Mason and Heather Stewart (1 February 2017). "Brexit bill: two more shadow cabinet members resign". The Guardian.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  24. ^ "Brexit vote: Clive Lewis quits shadow cabinet as MPs back bill". BBC News. 8 February 2017.
  25. ^ "Corbyn reshuffle: Owen Smith joins shadow cabinet". The Guardian. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  26. ^ a b "Government's Queen's Speech clears Commons". BBC. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.

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