Mainland, Shetland

Scottish Gaelic name Mòr-thìr
Scots name Mainland
Old Norse name Megenland
Meaning of name Old Norse for 'mainland'
The cliffs of Eshaness, North Mainland.
The cliffs of Eshaness, North Mainland.
Shetland Mainland locator.svg
OS grid reference HU414553
Physical geography
Island group Shetland
Area 96,879 hectares (374 sq mi)[1]
Area rank 3 [2]
Highest elevation Ronas Hill 450 metres (1,476 ft)
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Scotland
Council area Shetland Islands
Population 18,765[3]
Population rank 2 [2]
Population density 19.41 people/km2[1]
Largest settlement Lerwick
References [4]

The Mainland is the main island of Shetland, Scotland. The island contains Shetland's only burgh, Lerwick, and is the centre of Shetland's ferry and air connections.

It has an area of 374 square miles (970 km2), making it the third-largest Scottish island and the fifth largest of the British Isles after Great Britain, Ireland, Lewis and Harris and Skye. Mainland is the second most populous of the Scottish islands (only surpassed by Lewis and Harris), and had 18,765 residents in 2011[3] compared to 17,550 in 2001.[5]

The mainland can be broadly divided into four sections:

See also


  1. ^ a b Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 406
  2. ^ a b Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  3. ^ a b National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands" (PDF). Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two) (PDF) (Report). SG/2013/126. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  4. ^ Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.
  5. ^ General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003) Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands Archived 2008-04-21 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 9 July 2007.
  6. ^ Shorewatch

External links

Coordinates: 60°19′N 1°16′W / 60.317°N 1.267°W / 60.317; -1.267