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Showa Station (Antarctica)
|Location in Antarctica||East Ongul Island
Queen Maud Land
|Administered by||Japanese Antarctic Program|
|Elevation||29 m (95 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (SYOT)|
|Facilities||60 separate buildings|
|Website||National Institute of Polar Research|
Showa Station (Japanese: 昭和基地, Hepburn: Shōwa Kichi), sometimes alternately spelled Syowa Station, is a Japanese permanent research station on East Ongul Island in Queen Maud Land, Antarctica. Built in 1957, Showa Station is named for the era in the Japanese calendar during which it was established, the Shōwa period.
Showa Station serves as a research outpost for astronomy, meteorology, biology and earth sciences. It comprises over 60 separate buildings, large and small, including a 3-storey administration building, living quarters, power plant, sewage treatment facility, environmental science building, observatory, data processing facility, satellite building, ionospheric station, incinerator, earth science building, and radiosonde station. Also present are fuel tanks, water storage, solar panels, a heliport, water retention dam, and radio transmitter.
PANSY Incoherent Scatter Radar
The station was founded by the inaugural Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition in 1957. This expedition was airlifted out after a storm made deploying the second team impossible in February 1958. In January 1959, the third team returned to the station and found that, of 15 sled dogs that had been left by the previous team, two, Taro and Jiro, had survived.
A cairn and plaque at the station commemorate Shin Fukushima, a member of the 4th Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition, who died in October 1960 while carrying out his duties. The cairn, which contains some of his ashes, was erected on 11 January 1961 by his colleagues. It has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 2) following a proposal by Japan to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting.
In popular culture
- Showa Station is the Antarctic destination of the protagonists of A Place Further Than The Universe, a 2018 Japanese Anime series.
- The monster Ghidorah is located on the base - called "Outpost 32" - in the 2019 film Godzilla: King of the Monsters
- Showa Station is depicted in the 1983 film Antarctica.
|Location||East Ongul Island|
|Elevation AMSL||95 ft / 29 m|
- List of Antarctic research stations
- List of Antarctic field camps
- List of airports in Antarctica
- Asuka Station
- Dome Fuji Station
- Mizuho Station
- Antarctica (1983 film)
- A Place Further than the Universe
- "Showa Station (Syowa Station), East Ongul Island, Lützow-Holm Bay, Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land), Eastern Antarctica, Antarctica". mindat.org. Retrieved June 29, 2007.
- "PANSY Radar at Syowa Station, Antarctic". American Meteorological Society. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
- "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2012)" (PDF). Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- 気象庁 / 平年値（年・月ごとの値）. Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
- "Showa Skiway". Airport Nav Finder. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
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