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Royal Sicilian Regiment
|Royal Sicilian Regiment|
|Size||one battalion (1350 men max in 1812)|
|Garrison/HQ||Floriana HQ, Malta|
|Colors||white flag, with a black flying eagle, crowned, bearing an escutcheon with the three fleur-de-lys of the Bourbon dynasty|
|Engagements||Battle of Maida,
Alexandria expedition of 1807,
|John C. Sherbrooke
Ronald C. Ferguson
The Sicilian Regiment (also known as The Royal Sicilian Regiment of Foot) was a light infantry regiment recruited from Sicily that served with the British Army during the Napoleonic wars, from 1806 to its disbandment in 1816.
The Detachment of Royal Sicilian Volunteers
At first, the unit was only a detachment of volunteers, raised in Sicily by Major General Sir John Stuart, once he had obtained permission from King Ferdinand I to recruit troops in Messina. This detachment, like several other foreign corps in British pay, was to be recruited from locals for the rank and file, with British officers.
The detachment first experienced action within two months of its creation, when a small party (2 officers and 58 other ranks) at the Battle of Maida on 4 July 4, 1806. With two companies of the Royal Corsican Rangers, they were assigned to the light brigade commanded by Colonel James Kempt. After this victorious first mission the detachment returned to Messina.
The following year, in March 1807, the Royal Sicilian Volunteers embarked for Constantinople in the mission led by General Alexander Mackenzie Fraser. This was later diverted to the Alexandria expedition of 1807. During this ill-fated mission the unit, now commanded by Colonel John Coape Sherbrooke, defended the Citadel of Qaitbay (which was nicknamed "the Cut"). After the end of the expedition, they returned to Messina and were allowed to resume recruiting troops. They were then sent to Malta to reinforce the garrison.
The Royal Sicilian Regiment of Foot
On 2 January 1809 the detachment of volunteers was raised to a proper regiment. At a ceremony at Floriana Barracks, Malta, they were presented with their regimental colours (a white flag with a black flying eagle, crowned, bearing an escutcheon with the three fleur-de-lys of the Bourbon dynasty) by General Sir Hildebrand Oakes, commander of the British forces in Malta. The Regiment remained in Malta, under Colonel Ronald C. Ferguson (who was appointed to command the regiment on 25 January 1809), until it was deployed to Spain to take part in Peninsular War in the expedition led by Lieutenant General John Murray. In May 1813 the Sicilian Regiment took part in the Battle of Alicante.
In December 1813, under the orders of Lord William Bentinck, an expeditionary force of 1,000 men of the 'Third Anglo-Sicilian Regiment' under Lieutenant Colonel Catinelli left Milazzo, Sicily, and landed on the Tuscan coast. From here Catinelli marched inland and occupied Lucca, which he held for a few days until convinced that the local populace would not rise up against their French overlords.
During 1814, the Sicilian Regiment took over the island of Ponza and then participated in the capture of the island of Corfu. During its stay in garrison at Malta, the regiment distinguished itself for the management of the terrible plague of that year, being highly praised for it by Governor Thomas Maitland. The following year the Regiment was to be called back in Britain, but Napoleon's escape from Elba prevented it and the Sicilian Regiment was called on to fight Joachim Murat in Italy.
The regiment was finally disbanded on March 24, 1816, as were many other foreign regiments in the British Army, such as the King's German Legion.
In 1810 the Sicilian Regiment wore the scarlet British infantry coat with dark green facings, collar and cuffs, white lace, stovepipe shako with bugle badge (which may later have been replaced by a Tarleton helmet) with a green plume, white breeches and black 3/4 gaiters. Officers' "metal" was gold.
- John Coape Sherbrooke. appointed February 5, 1807
- Ronald C. Ferguson, appointed January 25, 1809
- Nafziger, George F. (2002). The Defense of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Northern Italy, 1813-1814. p. 125. ISBN 9780275967970. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
- Army List, foreign corps.
- B. Burnham - R. McGuigan, The British Army Against Napoleon: Facts, Lists and Trivia, 1805-1815, Barnsley 2010.
- R. Chartrand - P. Courcelle, Emigré and Foreign Troops in British Service (2), 1803-15 (Osprey Military - Men at arms Series n. 335), Oxford 2000, p. 45.
- D. Fosten - B. Marrion, The Sicilian Regiment, Military Modelling, November 1990.
- A. Pigeard, Le Regiment Sicilien, Tradition Magazine n° 170, September 2001.
- Regiments of the Malta Garrison: Sicilian
- His Britannic Majesty's Sicilian Regiment (in Italian)
- Original Undress coat of His Majesty's Sicilian Regiment
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