Sir Malcolm Fraser, 1st Baronet

Captain Sir John Malcolm Fraser, 1st Baronet, GBE (24 December 1878 – 4 May 1949) was a British journalist and political adviser.

Fraser was born in Hampstead, London. He became a journalist and rose rapidly to become assistant editor of The Standard. He was then successively editor of the Evening Standard and St James's Gazette, day editor of the Daily Express, and editor-in-chief of the Birmingham Gazette, Birmingham Dispatch and other papers in the same group. In 1910 Arthur Balfour appointed him adviser on press matters to the Conservative Party.

In November 1915, Fraser was commissioned Temporary Lieutenant in the Royal Naval Air Service (Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve),[1] and specialised in airships. He was promoted Temporary Lieutenant-Commander in February 1917[2] and ended the First World War as Deputy Director of Aircraft Production at the Admiralty with the rank of Captain. On the formation of the Royal Air Force in 1918 he stayed in the Royal Navy instead of transferring to the RAF with most other RNAS officers.

After the war he returned to Conservative Party headquarters and was appointed Honorary Principal Agent in 1920. He headed the government's British Gazette during the 1926 General Strike.

Fraser was knighted in 1919 for his services to the Admiralty,[3] created a baronet in the 1921 Birthday Honours,[4] and appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) in 1922. He was appointed High Sheriff of Surrey in 1937.[5] and Lord Lieutenant of Surrey in 1939.

Between December 1902 and August 1903, he also co-authored seven short stories with Bertram Fletcher Robinson.[6][7] In February 1904, six of these stories were compiled and republished in a book titled The Trail of the Dead. During 1998, the seventh story, titled "Fog Bound", was republished as "Fogbound" in a compendium of short stories that was edited by Jack Adrian and titled Twelve Tales of Murder.[8] In April 2009, all seven tales were republished in a book titled Aside Arthur Conan Doyle: Twenty Original Tales by Bertram Fletcher Robinson, which was compiled by Paul R. Spiring.

In the 1930s, Fraser donated money to Dorking Urban District Council to purchase part of the Denbies estate for council housing. The resulting development, designed by the architect George Grey Wornum, was named ‘Fraser Gardens’ in his honour.[9][10]


  1. ^ "No. 29390". The London Gazette. 3 December 1915. p. 12055.
  2. ^ "No. 29954". The London Gazette. 20 February 1917. p. 1773.
  3. ^ "No. 31316". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 April 1919. p. 5421.
  4. ^ "No. 32346". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1921. p. 4530.
  5. ^ "No. 34381". The London Gazette. 19 March 1937. p. 1819.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ "New Cottages at Dorking". The Times (47896). London. 19 January 1938. p. 9.
  10. ^ Jackson, A (1991). "Chapter 7: The town in the motor age". In Jackson, AA (ed.). Dorking: A Surrey market town through twenty centuries. Dorking, Surrey: Dorking Local History Group. pp. 87–108. ISBN 1-870912-03-9.


  • "Obituary: Sir Malcolm Fraser". The Times (51374). London. 6 May 1949. p. 7.

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Party political offices
Preceded by
John Boraston and William Jenkins
Principal Agent of the Conservative Party
1920 – 1923
Succeeded by
Sir Reginald Hall
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Ashcombe
Lord Lieutenant of Surrey
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Haining
Court offices
Preceded by
Sir Park Goff
Registrar of the Imperial Society of Knights Bachelor
Succeeded by
Sir Edwin Lutyens
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Cromarty)
Succeeded by
Basil Fraser

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