South Moravian Region

South Moravian Region
Jihomoravský kraj
Mikulov pohled 2.jpg
Flag of South Moravian Region
Coat of arms of South Moravian Region
Jihomoravský kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Country Czech Republic
Capital Brno
Districts Blansko District, Břeclav District, Brno-City District, Brno-Country District, Hodonín District, Vyškov District, Znojmo District
Government
 • Governor Jan Grolich (KDU-ČSL)
Area
 • Total 7,187.8 km2 (2,775.2 sq mi)
Highest elevation
819 m (2,687 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total 1,187,667
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CZ-64
Vehicle registration B
Website www.kr-jihomoravsky.cz

The South Moravian Region (Czech: Jihomoravský kraj; German: Südmährische Region, pronounced [zyːtˈmɛːʁɪʃə ʁeˈɡi̯oːn]; Slovak: Juhomoravský kraj) is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the south-western part of its historical region of Moravia (an exception is Jobova Lhota which traditionally belongs to Bohemia). The region's capital is Brno, the nation's 2nd largest city. South Moravia is bordered by the South Bohemian Region (west), Vysočina Region (north-west), Pardubice Region (north), Olomouc Region (north east), Zlín Region (east), Trenčín and Trnava Regions, Slovakia (south east) and Lower Austria, Austria (south).

Administrative divisions

The South Moravian Region is divided into 7 districts (Czech: okres):

South Moravia districts.png
Districts of South Moravia Region
   Blansko
   Břeclav
   Brno City
   Brno-Venkov (Brno Country)
   Hodonín
   Vyškov
   Znojmo

There are in total 673 municipalities in the region, of which 49 have the status of towns. There are 21 municipalities with extended powers and 34 municipalities with a delegated municipal office.[2]

The region is famous for its wine production. The area around the towns of Mikulov, Znojmo, Velké Pavlovice along with the Slovácko region provide 94% of the Czech Republic's vineyards.

Population

The region has approximately 1,188,000 inhabitants. The net migration has been positive in all years since 2003, reaching its peak in 2007 when it reached 7,374 people. Since 2007 the region has also experienced natural population growth. In 2012 there were 37 thousand foreigners living in the region, forming 3.2% of the total population of the region.

The average age of citizens in the region was 42.4 years in 2019.[1] The average age has grown by 5 years over the last two decades. The life expectancy at birth in 2012 was 75.2 years for men and 81.7 years for women. Life expectancy has been growing over recent years. The divorce-marriage ratio in the region was 60.3 in 2012.[3]

One third of the region's population lives in the capital Brno. The share of inhabitants living in towns and cities on the total population of the region has been steadily decreasing due to suburbanization. The table below displays 12 municipalities with the highest number of inhabitants in the region (as of 1 January 2019):[4]

Geography

With an area of 7,187.8 km2[2] the South Moravian Region is the fourth largest region of the Czech Republic. The highest point of the region is located in the eastern part on Durda mountain (842 m). The point with the lowest elevation (150 m) is situated in Břeclav District at the meeting of the rivers Morava and Dyje.

The northern and north-western part of the region is covered by the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands (Czech: Českomoravská vrchovina) and the Moravian Karst. There is an extensive cave complex in the Moravian Karst with a 138.5 m depth in the Macocha Gorge in the Punkva Caves. In the eastern part, the region reaches to the Carpathian Mountains. The Bohemian-Moravian Highlands and the Carpathian Mountains are separated by the Lower-Moravian Valley (Czech: Dolnomoravský úval). The southern part of the region is predominantly flat and dominated by fields, meadows, and the remainders of riparian forests.

The largest river of the region is the Morava river. Other significant rivers are the Dyje, Svratka (and its tributary the Svitava), which are all tributaries of the Morava river. The whole region belongs to the drainage basin of the Danube and subsequently of the Black Sea.

There are a number of landscape parks (Czech: chráněná krajinná oblast) located across the region: the White Carpathians Landscape Park, the Moravian Karst Landscape Park and Pálava Landscape Park. Moreover, Podyjí National Park is situated in the south-eastern part of the region.

Major events

2021 tornado

On the evening of 24 June 2021, a large F4 tornado,[5] the most powerful in modern Czech Republic history,[6] devastated multiple villages within the Břeclav and Hodonín districts. It killed at least 6 people[7] and injured at least 200 others.[8] This tornado was one of seven that touched down in Europe that day. It is estimated that this tornado caused over 15 billion CZK in damages.

Living conditions

In 2016, three-quarters of households in the region had a computer and 75% of the households had Internet connection.[9] There were in total 781 thousand motor vehicles, of which 482 thousand were cars and 110 thousand were motorbikes.

The unemployment rate in the region was 4.3% as of October 2017.[10]

Economy

The nominal gross domestic product of the South Moravian Region was 397.2 billion CZK in 2011, which is 10.3% of the national GDP. Among other regions, South Moravian Region had the third largest share on the national GDP. The GDP per capita was 341,000 CZK in the same period, which is 93.6% of the national average.

  • Industry
Office towers in Brno

Mechanical engineering has an essential role in the economy of the region. Important centers of mechanical engineering are Brno (PBS, Siemens, Zetor Brno), Blansko (ČKD Blansko, Metra Blansko), Kuřim (TOS Kuřim), Boskovice (Minerva, Novibra) and Břeclav (OTIS). Electrical engineering has a tradition for more than a century. Significant producers are Siemens Drásov, VUES Brno and ZPA Brno. Food industry forms another important sector, especially in the southern and eastern part of the region. Important activities are the meat processing, canning of fruits and vegetables (Znojmia, Fruta), sugar industry, brewing (Starobrno, Černá Hora, Vyškov and Hostan) and winemaking (Znovín Znojmo, Vinium Velké Pavlovice). Chemical and pharmaceutical industry is concentrated especially in Brno (Pliva-Lachema), Ivanovice na Hané (Bioveta) and Veverská Bítýška (Hartmann Rico).

  • Transport

The South-Moravian Region has an important role in the nation and international transit. It is served by a network of motorways and roads of almost 4,500 km. The motorways D1 and D2 and the expressways R43 and R52 form the skeleton of the road network in the region. Brno is an important crossing of road and railway transport and a hub of the integrated regional public transport system.

Brno has an international airport Brno–Tuřany. The airport was opened in 1954 and in 2012 it served 535 thousand passengers.

  • Agriculture

The agricultural land covers 426 thousand ha, which is 59.3% of all land in the regions. The arable land occupies 49% of the total area. Znojmo District and Vyškov District have the highest proportion of arable land in the region. The agricultural production is oriented on the production of cereals, rapeseed and sugar beet. Other important agricultural sectors in the region are viticulture, fruit farming and vegetable growing. The viticulture is especially developed in Břeclav District, which has 46% of the total area of Czech vineyards.

Places of interest

Photo gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Brief characteristics of South Moravian Region". South Moravian Region. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  3. ^ Základní tendence demografického, sociálního a ekonomického vývoje Jihomoravského kraje v roce 2012, Available online at: http://www.czso.cz/xb/redakce.nsf/i/zakladni_tendence_vyvoje_jihomoravskeho_kraje_v_roce_2012/$File/text_cely.pdf
  4. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  5. ^ televize, Česká. "Dobrovolníků je v pracovní den na jižní Moravě méně. Kraj odhaduje škody po tornádu a bouřích na 15 miliard". ČT24 - Nejdůvěryhodnější zpravodajský web v ČR - Česká televize (in Czech). Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  6. ^ Korosec, Author Marko (25 June 2021). "The most powerful tornado on record hit the Czech Republic, leaving several fatalities and 200+ injured across the Hodonin district". Severe Weather Europe. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  7. ^ "Šestá oběť bouřek na jižní Moravě: v brněnské nemocnici zemřelo dítě". iDNES.cz (in Czech). 27 June 2021. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  8. ^ ""Hölle auf Erden": Tote und Hunderte Verletzte nach Tornado in Tschechien". kurier.at (in German). 25 June 2021. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  9. ^ "2f15470b-e9cc-4779-bc7e-1518969a5455".
  10. ^ "Podíl nezaměstnaných v Jihomoravském kraji | ČSÚ v Brně". www.czso.cz. Retrieved 29 June 2021.

External links

Coordinates: 49°10′N 16°35′E / 49.167°N 16.583°E / 49.167; 16.583

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