Speaker of the Riksdag

Speaker of the Riksdag
Riksdagens talman
Coat of arms of the Swedish Parliament.svg
Flag of Sweden.svg
Andreas Norlén in 2019.jpg
Andreas Norlén

since 24 September 2018
The Riksdag
Style Swedish: Herr talman
(English: "Mr Speaker")
Nominator Riksdag
Appointer The Alderman
Term length Four years (de facto)
Inaugural holder Henry Allard
Formation 1617; 404 years ago (1617)
Deputy See List of Deputy Speakers
Salary 2,112,000 kr annually[1]
Website www.riksdagen.se

The Speaker of the Riksdag (Swedish: Riksdagens talman) is the presiding officer of the national unicameral legislature in Sweden.

The Riksdag underwent profound changes in 1867, when the medieval Riksdag of the Estates was abolished. The new form of the Riksdag included two elected chambers, each with its own speaker. Since the de facto introduction of parliamentarism in 1917, the Riksdag has properly functioned as the institution to which the Prime Minister and the Government are held accountable. In 1971 the institution was transformed into a unicameral legislature with 350 members, reduced to 349 in 1976 to avoid parliamentary deadlocks. Since 1975, in accordance with the Instrument of Government of 1974, it is the speaker and no longer the Monarch who appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister.

The current speaker is Andreas Norlén, who has held the gavel since September 2018.[2]

Duties of the speaker

The speaker is the head and presiding officer of the Riksdag, and is elected by the chamber as the first order of business when the Riksdag re-convenes following a general election. As such the speaker coordinates the work that takes place in the Riksdag. The office is mandated in the Swedish constitution and the duties of the office are set out in the Instrument of Government (1974) and the Riksdag Act.

The speaker does not take part in the debates, nor does the speaker participate in the parliamentary committees. While the Speaker is one of the elected representatives of the Riksdag, the speaker is expected to remain unbiased and objective with regards to the political issues that are debated. The speaker has no vote in the Riksdag, and a substitute is appointed to fill his or her seat in the Riksdag.

The position of speaker is the second highest ranked public position in Sweden. In terms of protocol, the Monarch outranks the speaker since the Monarch is the head of state. However, since that position is hereditary a person cannot be elected to become the monarch. In turn, the Speaker nominally outranks the Prime Minister of Sweden, who since the 1974–75 reforms is the country's de jure and de facto chief executive.[3]

Appointment and Dismissal of Prime Minister

One of the more important aspects of the work of the speaker is to head negotiations concerning the forming of a new government in case there is a shift of power after an election. The speaker can then dismiss a prime minister who is voted out of office, which happened for the first time on 25 September 2018.[4] After the negotiations, the speaker proposes the new prime ministerial candidate to the chamber, and following a positive vote, the speaker signs the commission (Swedish: förordnande) on behalf of the Riksdag. The Prime Minister appoints and dismisses their own cabinet ministers, forming the Government (Swedish: Regeringen), without the involvement of the Speaker.[3][5]

In case of either a voluntary resignation or a vote of no confidence, the letter of resignation of a prime minister is handed to the speaker.

In most other parliamentary systems, including other constitutional monarchies, these duties are instead handled by the head of state. Relieving the Swedish Monarch from exercise of political powers, although not the key objective from the outset, became nevertheless an important part on the constitutional reform in the 1970s.

Deputy speakers

The speaker is assisted by three deputy speakers who are also elected by the chamber.[6] Traditionally, the second, third and fourth largest parties gets to name of one of their members for these offices. There is some disagreement whether the largest party or the leading party of the largest party bloc should hold the speakership (and thus also the position of First deputy speaker). Unlike the speaker (and cabinet ministers), the deputy speakers are not replaced by an alternate and remain members of the Riksdag with voting rights.[6]

Regent ad interim

In case all adult members of the Swedish Royal Family who are in the line of succession to the Throne, as prescribed in the Act of Succession, are out of the country, the Speaker assumes the role of Regent ad interim (Swedish: Riksföreståndare). This would also be the case if they were all to decease.

Riksdag Board

The Speaker chairs the Riksdag Board (Swedish: Riksdagsstyrelsen), which deliberates on the organisation of the work of the Riksdag, directs the work of the Riksdag Administration (Swedish: Riksdagsförvaltningen) and decides upon matters of major significance concerning the international contacts programme.

War Delegation

The Speaker chairs the War Delegation (Swedish: Krigsdelegationen), when it is deemed necessary to convene.

List of speakers

Speakers of the bicameral Riksdag (1867–1970)

Speakers of the unicameral Riksdag (1971–present)

Portrait Speaker
Term Political Party Election Constituency
Took office Left office Duration
Henry Allard
Allard, HenryHenry Allard
15 January 1971 (1971-01-15) 1 October 1979 (1979-10-01) 8 years, 259 days Social Democratic 1970
Ă–rebro County
Ingemund Bengtsson
Bengtsson, IngemundIngemund Bengtsson
1 October 1979 (1979-10-01) 3 October 1988 (1988-10-03) 9 years, 2 days Social Democratic 1979
Halland County
Thage G. Peterson
Peterson, Thage G.Thage G. Peterson
(born 1933)
3 October 1988 (1988-10-03) 30 September 1991 (1991-09-30) 2 years, 362 days Social Democratic 1988 Stockholm County
Ingegerd Troedsson
Troedsson, IngegerdIngegerd Troedsson
30 September 1991 (1991-09-30) 3 October 1994 (1994-10-03) 3 years, 3 days Moderate 1991 Uppsala County
Birgitta Dahl
Dahl, BirgittaBirgitta Dahl
(born 1937)
3 October 1994 (1994-10-03) 30 September 2002 (2002-09-30) 7 years, 362 days Social Democratic 1994
Uppsala County
Björn von Sydow
Sydow von, BjörnBjörn von Sydow
(born 1945)
30 September 2002 (2002-09-30) 2 October 2006 (2006-10-02) 4 years, 2 days Social Democratic 2002 Stockholm County
Per Westerberg
Westerberg, PerPer Westerberg
(born 1951)
2 October 2006 (2006-10-02) 29 September 2014 (2014-09-29) 7 years, 362 days Moderate 2006
Södermanland County
Urban Ahlin
Ahlin, UrbanUrban Ahlin
(born 1964)
29 September 2014 (2014-09-29) 24 September 2018 (2018-09-24) 3 years, 360 days Social Democratic 2014 Västra Götaland County
Andreas Norlén
Norlén, AndreasAndreas Norlén
(born 1973)
24 September 2018 (2018-09-24) Incumbent 3 years, 64 days Moderate 2018 Ă–stergötland County

See also

Historical predecessor


External links