Spouse of the president of the People's Republic of China

Spouse of the president of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国主席配偶
Peng Liyuan.jpg
Incumbent
Peng Liyuan

since 14 March 2013
Style Madam
Residence Zhongnanhai
Inaugural holder Jiang Qing
Formation 27 September 1954; 67 years ago (1954-09-27)
Abolished January 1975 - December 1982

The spouse of the president of the People's Republic of China, also commonly known as the first lady or first gentleman of China,[1] is the spouse of the president of the People's Republic of China. To date, there have been seven women who have been married to the Chinese president while in office.

The current spouse of the president of the People's Republic of China is Peng Liyuan, wife of President Xi Jinping, since 2013.

Role and duties

The role of the presidential spouse is not an official office, as they are not given a salary or official duties. Most spouses have remained very much in the background. However, the current spouse Peng Liyuan has gained public attention through her own independent careers and achievements.

List of spouses of the presidents

# Portrait Name Alma mater Life dates (age) Marriage date President Tenure
1 Jiang Qing 1976.jpg Jiang Qing Shandong Provincial Experimental Theatre 19 March 1914

14 May 1991(1991-05-14) (aged 77)
20 November 1938 Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong 1959.jpg
27 September 1954 27 April 1959
2 Wang Guangmei (cropped).jpg Wang Guangmei Fu Jen Catholic University 26 September 1921

13 October 2006(2006-10-13) (aged 85)
21 August 1948 Liu Shaoqi
LiuShaoqi Colour.jpg
27 April 1959 21 October 1968
He Lianying.jpg He Lianying N/A 1905

7 February 1980(1980-02-07) (aged 74–75)
N/A Dong Biwu
DONGBIWU.JPG
31 October 1968 17 January 1975
Presidency Abolished (1975 — 1982)
3 Lin Jiamei.jpg Lin Jiamei Tong De Medical College (1924-06-21) 21 June 1924 (age 97) N/A Li Xiannian
Li Xiannian.png
18 June 1983 8 April 1988
Widowed before tenure Yang Shangkun
YangShangkun1958.png
8 April 1988 27 March 1993
4 Wang Yeping.jpg Wang Yeping Shanghai Foreign Language Institute (1928-02-12) 12 February 1928 (age 93) December 1949[2] Jiang Zemin
Jiang Zemin St. Petersburg2002.jpg
27 March 1993 15 March 2003
5 Liu Yongqing.jpg Liu Yongqing Tsinghua University (1940-10-03) 3 October 1940 (age 81) February 1970 Hu Jintao
Hu Jintao Cannes2011.jpg
15 March 2003 14 March 2013
6 Peng Liyuan.jpg Peng Liyuan China Conservatory of Music (1962-11-20) 20 November 1962 (age 58) 1 September 1987 Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping Sanya2013.jpg
14 March 2013 Incumbent

Spouses of other top leaders

Spouses of the paramount leaders

Sometimes the spouse of the paramount leaders is also known as First Lady; Han Zhijun (wife of CCP Chairman and Premier Hua Guofeng) and Zhuo Lin (wife of CMC Chairman Deng Xiaoping).

Spouses of the heads of state (1975–1978)

Spouse of the Head of State of China under the 2nd Constitution; Kang Keqing (wife of Zhu De) and Li Gang (wife of Ye Jianying)

List of spouses of the presidents by age

# Name Life dates
Age
1 Lin Jiamei 21 Jun 1924 Alive
97 years, 120 days
2 Wang Yeping 12 Feb 1928 Alive
93 years, 249 days
3 Wang Guangmei 26 Sep 1921 13 Oct 2006
85 years, 109 days
4 Liu Yongqing 3 Oct 1940 Alive
81 years, 16 days
5 Jiang Qing 19 Mar 1914 14 May 1991
77 years, 56 days
6 Peng Liyuan 20 Nov 1962 Alive
58 years, 333 days

References

  1. ^ Yuan, Karen (2019-04-01). "The Impossibility of the Chinese First Lady". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
  2. ^ 日出江花(组图) (in Chinese). 网易. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 1949年12月,江泽民同志与青梅竹马的女朋友结婚,新娘正是那位有时到粮服实验工厂去找江泽民同志玩的大眼睛姑娘王冶坪同志。


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