St Leger Stakes

St Leger Stakes
Group 1 race
Doncaster Racecourse 1.jpg
Doncaster Racecourse is host to the St Leger Stakes.
Location Doncaster Racecourse
Doncaster, England
Inaugurated 1776
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Sponsor Cazoo
Website Doncaster
Race information
Distance 1m 6f 115y (2,921 m)
Surface Turf
Track Left-handed
Qualification Three-year-olds
excluding geldings
Weight 9 st 1 lb
Allowances
3 lb for fillies
Purse £743,000 (2021)
1st: £421,355
St Leger Stakes
2021
Royal blue Violet, white quartered cap Purple, White seams, Striped sleeves, White cap
Hurricane Lane Mojo Star The Mediterranean

The St Leger Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Doncaster over a distance of 1 mile, 6 furlongs and 115 yards (2,921 metres), and it is scheduled to take place each year in September.

Established in 1776, the St Leger is the oldest of Britain's five Classics. It is the last of the five to be run each year, and its distance is longer than any of the other four.

The St Leger is the final leg of the English Triple Crown, which begins with the 2000 Guineas and continues with the Derby. It also completes the Fillies' Triple Crown, following on from the 1000 Guineas and the Oaks. The St Leger has rarely featured Triple Crown contenders in recent decades, with the only one in recent years being the 2012 2,000 Guineas and Derby winner Camelot, who finished second in the St Leger.

History

Early years

The event was devised by Anthony St Leger, an army officer and politician who lived near Doncaster. It was initially referred to as "A Sweepstake of 25 Guineas", and its original distance was two miles. The rules stipulated that colts and geldings were to carry 8 st, and fillies would receive an allowance of 2 lb.

The inaugural running was held at Cantley Common on 24 September 1776. The first winner was an unnamed filly owned by the event's organiser, the 2nd Marquess of Rockingham. The filly was later named Allabaculia.

The title St Leger Stakes was decided at a dinner party held in 1776 at the Red Lion Inn located in the Market Place, Doncaster, to discuss the following year's race. It was suggested that it should be called the Rockingham Stakes in honour of the host, the Marquess of Rockingham, but the Marquess proposed that it should be named instead after Anthony St Leger. The event was moved to its present location, Town Moor, in 1778.[1]

The race came to national prominence in 1800, when a horse called Champion registered the first Derby–St Leger double. Its length was cut to 1 mile, 6 furlongs and 193 yards in 1813, and despite some minor alterations has remained much the same ever since. The victory of West Australian in 1853 completed the first success in the Triple Crown.

Post-1900

The St Leger Stakes was closed to geldings in 1906. It was transferred to Newmarket during World War I, and the substitute event was called the September Stakes. It was cancelled in 1939 because of the outbreak of World War II, and the following year's edition was held at Thirsk in November. For the remainder of this period it was staged at Manchester (1941), Newmarket (1942–44) and York (1945).

The race was switched to Ayr in 1989 after the scheduled running at Doncaster was abandoned due to subsidence. The 2006 race took place at York because its regular venue was closed for redevelopment.

The St Leger Stakes has inspired a number of similar events around the world, although many are no longer restricted to three-year-olds. European variations include the Irish St. Leger, the Prix Royal-Oak, the Deutsches St. Leger and the St. Leger Italiano. Other national equivalents include the Kikuka-shō, the New Zealand St. Leger and the VRC St Leger.

Records

Winners

  1. ^ The 1789 race was awarded to Pewett after the first-placed Zanga was disqualified for jostling
  2. ^ The 1839 outcome was a dead-heat, but Charles the Twelfth beat Euclid in a run-off
  3. ^ The 1850 race finished as a dead-heat, but Voltigeur defeated Russborough in a run-off
  4. ^ The 1939 race was cancelled due to the outbreak of World War II
  5. ^ The 1989 running took place at Ayr over 1-mile, 6 furlongs and 127 yards
  6. ^ The 2006 edition was contested at York over 1-mile, 5 furlongs and 197 yards
  7. ^ The 2015 race was initially awarded to Bondi Beach after the first-placed Simple Verse was disqualified, but the decision was reversed on 23 September 2015 after an appeal by Simple Verse's connections.[3]
Wartime races
  • 1915–18: The September Stakes at Newmarket (Rowley Mile) over 1-mile and 6 furlongs.
  • 1940: The Yorkshire St Leger Stakes at Thirsk over 1-mile and 7 furlongs.
  • 1941: The New St Leger Stakes at Manchester over 1-mile and 6 furlongs.
  • 1942–44: The New St Leger Stakes at Newmarket (Summer Course) over 1-mile, 6 furlongs and 150 yards.
  • 1945: The St Leger Stakes at York over 1-mile and 6 furlongs.

In popular culture

As the last of the classics, the race marks the end of summer in England.[4] The popular adage "sell in May and go away, come back on St Leger Day" suggests investors should sell their shares in May and buy again after the race.[5]

The Agatha Christie novel The A.B.C. Murders has the St Leger as a plot point near the end of the novel.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Race Courses of Great Britain and Ireland". tbheritage.com. Retrieved 17 September 2009.
  2. ^ Whyte, James Christie (1840). History of the British turf, from the earliest period to the present day, Volume I. London: H. Colburn. OL 6544990M.
  3. ^ Press Association (23 September 2015). "Simple Verse team win St Leger appeal against demotion at Doncaster". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  4. ^ Chambers, Clem (15 September 2006). "Now that the St Leger is over, the runners are under starter's orders". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  5. ^ Murray-West, Rosie (17 September 2012). "Buy again St Leger Day? It didn't work this year - We investigate the wisdom of one of the oldest investment adages". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 May 2015.

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