Sudhamoy Pramanick

Sudhamoy Pramanick
Sudhamoy Pramanick
Born 11 September 1884.
Died 2 October 1974.
Home town Shantipur
Spouse(s) Swarnabala Pramanick
Children Diptendu Pramanick and other sons & daughters
Parent(s) Radharani & Gobindo Chandra Pramanik

Sudhamoy Pramanick (September 1884 – October 1974) was a Bengali advocate from Shantipur. He was the lifetime secretary of the Tili Samaj, a societal benefit organization. In his time he was one of the fortunate Presidencians - a year senior to Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India. He was a social activist - member of the Executive Committee of the Indian National Congress[1] and involved with the Satyagraha movement to campaign for Indian independence.

Early life, education and career

Sudhamoy was the eldest of ten siblings born to the Pramanick / Pramanik family in 1884 in Shantipur. He did his early schooling in Shantipur and went on to the Presidency College, Calcutta to acquire his degree in science in the early 1900s. Later he obtained a degree in law from the University of Calcutta and practiced in Raiganj and the Sealdah courts as an advocate. He was elected as one of the Commissioners of Shantipur Municipality in Dec 1913.[2]

He was literarily inclined. Being well versed in Sanskrit and influenced by the Müllerian wave of exploring the ancient Indian language, he translated and edited papers on Sanskrit literature.[3][4][5] As a secretary of the Tili Samaj he was vociferous against social evils like the Pon protha (Dowry) in the Bangiya Tili Samaj Patrika.[6]

In his Presidency days he met many nationalists. He'd supported[7] and joined the Congress and was a senior leader during his tenure at Raigunj Court. In 1930, Raigunj celebrated Independence day (Purna Swaraj) on 26 January against the British Raj - he and Umeshchandra Bhowmik were the Congress leaders enacting the historic Lahore resolution of the CWC.[8] In March 1930, as mass disobedience gathered momentum in Bengal, several Congress leaders (including Netaji - then Bengal Provincial Congress Committee President), were arrested. On 15 April, on the occasion of the Bengali New Year, Sudhamoy presided over public meetings in Raigunj as a part of the Civil Disobedience Movement in blatant violation of the Salt Laws. Braving arrests by the British, volunteers from all over the district, including women, paraded the streets of Raigunj.[9][10]

Few years later he moved to Calcutta. With his eldest sons completing their education, he started devoting more time in Sealdah Civil Court - fighting to free many an activist - at times risking his career. He was also known for helping poor students.

Article from Amrita Bazar Patrika, Jan 1930

The Pramanick family

Gobindo Chandra
Sudhamoy Pramanick
Diptendu Pramanick
Asita ...
Sougata Pramanick


  1. ^ "Report of the 32nd session of the Indian National Congress at Calcutta, 1917" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  2. ^ Calcutta, Governor of Bengal (21 January 1914). The Calcutta Gazette. Governor house, Kolkata. p. 68. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  3. ^ Supp. Catalogue of Bengali books in the library of the British Museum; compiled by James Fuller Blumhardt; British Museum. Dept. of Oriental Printed Books and Manuscripts; Longmans & Co. (1910), Pg. 94 & 267 accessed at Archived 25 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine on 25 April 2011
  4. ^ Kali Kumar Dutta : Bengal's contribution to Sanskrit Literature, Sanskrit College (1974), pg 46
  5. ^ K Shastri (1936). The Journal of Oriental research, Volumes 10-16. Kuppuswami Sastri Research Institute, Madras. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
  6. ^ Nifor guide to Indian periodicals, National Information Service, Poona (1956)
  7. ^ Modern Review (Calcutta),vol.44,p684, Calcutta, 1928
  8. ^ Amrita Bazar Patrika, 29 January 1930
  9. ^ Malay Sankar Bhattacharya : Studies in microhistory: political movements in some parts of India and Bangladesh, 1857-1947; Indian Institute of Oriental Studies and Research, Kolkata (2007), Pg 116, 119 & 229, ISBN 81-901371-7-4.
  10. ^ Amrita Bazar Patrika, 18 April 1930

Other Languages