Supreme Political Council

Logo of Supreme Political Council of Yemen.

The Supreme Political Council (SPC; Arabic: المجلس السياسي الأعلىal-Majlis as-Siyāsiyy al-ʾAʿlā) is an executive body formed by Houthi Ansarullah and the General People's Congress (GPC) to rule Yemen. Formed on 28 July 2016, the presidential council consists of 10 members and until his death from a drone air strike on 19 April 2018 was headed by Saleh Ali al-Sammad as president with Qassem Labozah as vice-president.[1] SPC carries out the functions of head of state in Yemen and is to manage Yemen's state affairs in a bid to fill in political vacuum during Yemeni Civil War in 2015.[2] The Council aims to outline a basis for running the country and managing state affairs on the basis of the existing constitution.[3][1] Later, SPC was also responsible for forming a new government led by Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour known as the National Salvation Government.[4]

The members were sworn in on 14 August 2016.[5] On 15 August, the Supreme Revolutionary Committee (SRC) handed power to the Supreme Political Council.[6] However, the SPC is only recognized by Iran but remains not internationally recognized.[3][7]

Background

In the wake of president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and prime minister Khaled Bahah resignations over Houthi rebels takeover of presidential palace on January 2015, Houthi leader Abdul Malik Al Houthi reportedly proposed a six-member "transitional presidential council" which would have equal representation from north and south, although this proposal was rejected by Southern Movement.[8] Nevertheless, on 1 February, the Houthis gave an ultimatum to Yemen's political factions warning that if they did not reach a solution to the current political crisis, then the Houthi "revolutionary leadership" would assume formal authority over the state.[9] According to Reuters, political factions have agreed to form an interim presidential council to manage the country for up to one year. Former South Yemen president Ali Nasser Mohammed was originally being considered as a prospective interim leader, but Mohammed later declined the post.[10]

On 6 February 2015, the Houthis formally assumed over authority in Sana'a, declaring the dissolution of House of Representatives and announced that a "presidential council" would be formed to lead Yemen for two years, while a "revolutionary committee" would be put in charge of forming a new, 551-member national council.[11] This governance plan was later affirmed by Houthi Ansarullah politburo leader Saleh Ali al-Sammad as he said that national council would choose a five-member presidential council to govern the country.[12]

National Salvation Government

On 2 October 2016, Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour was appointed as Prime Minister by the Houthis.[4] On 4 October, he formed his cabinet.[13] The cabinet is composed by members of the Southern Movement.[14] However, the cabinet is not internationally recognized.[15]

On 28 November 2016, a new cabinet was formed.[16] It is only composed by members of pro-Saleh GNC and Ansarullah Movement.

However, the UN Special Envoy for Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed said the move was "a new and unnecessary obstacle. Yemen is at a critical juncture. The actions recently taken by Ansarullah and the General People's Congress will only complicate the search for a peaceful solution. The parties must hold Yemen’s national interests above narrow partisan ambitions and take immediate steps to end political divisions and address the country’s security, humanitarian and economic challenges." He further claimed that such an action could harm peace talks.[17]

Office Incumbent Start End
President Mahdi al-Mashat 25 April 2018 Incumbent
Prime Minister Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour 4 October 2016 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister for the Affairs of the Security Jalal al-Rowaishan 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister for the Affairs of the Service Mahmoud Abdel Kader al-Jounaïd 1 January 2018 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs Hussein Abdullah Mkabuli 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Interior Abdulhakim Ahmed al-Mawri 13 December 2017 Incumbent
Minister of Planning and International Cooperation Abdulaziz Al-Kumaim July 2017 Incumbent
Minister of Information Abdel Salam Ali Mohammed Jaber 1 January 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Foreign Affairs Hisham Sharaf Abdullah 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of State for National Dialogue Outcomes' Affairs and National Reconciliation. Ahmed Saleh al-Ganie 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Youth and Sport Hassan Mohammed Zaid 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Legal Affairs Abdulrahman Ahmed al-Mukhtar 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Education Yahia Badreddin al-Houthi 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Civil Service and Insurance Talal Aklan 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs and the Shura Council Ali Abdullah Abu Hulaykah 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Defense Mohamed al-Atifi 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Industry and Trade Abdu Mohammed Bishr 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister for Fisheries Mohammad Mohammad al-Zubayri 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Justice Ahmed Abdullah Akabat 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research Hussein Ali Hazeb 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Social Affairs and Labour -Faiqah al-Sayed Ba'alawy 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Tourism Nasser Mahfouz Bagazkoz 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Public Works and Highways Ghalib Abdullah Mutlaq 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Water and Environment Nabil Abdullah al-Wazair 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Petroleum and Minerals Ahmed Abdullah Naji Dars 1 January 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Electricity and Energy Lutf Ali al-Jermouzi 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Local Administration Ali Bin Ali Al-Kays 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Religious Endowments and Guidance Sharaf Ali al-Kulaisi 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Expatriate Affairs Mohammed Saeed al-Mashjari 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Finance Saleh Ahmed Shaaban 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Communications and Information Technology Musfer Abdullah Saleh Al-Numeir 16 December 2017 Incumbent
Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation Ghazi Ahmed Mohsen 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Technical Education and Vocational Mohsen Ali al-Nakib 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Culture Abdullah Ahmad al-Kibsy 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Transport Zakaria Yahya al-Shami 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of Human Rights Alia Faisal Abdullatif al-Shaba 28 November 2016 Incumbent
Minister of State Fares Mana'a
Nabih Mohsen Abu Nashtan
Radhiyah Mohammad Abdullah
Aubayd Salem bin Dhabia
Hamid Awadh al-Mizjaji
Abdulaziz Ahmed al-Bakir
28 November 2016 Incumbent

References

  1. ^ a b "Saba Net - Yemen news agency".
  2. ^ "Yemen: Ansar Allah signs agreement with Saleh's party creating supreme political council - Middle East Confidential".
  3. ^ a b "Yemen: Houthi, Saleh council formation criticised by UN". www.aljazeera.com.
  4. ^ a b "Yemen's Houthis ask former Aden governor to form government". 2 October 2016 – via Reuters.
  5. ^ "Saba Net - Yemen news agency".
  6. ^ "Saba Net - Yemen news agency".
  7. ^ https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-08-18/yemen-shiite-rebels-appoint-an-ambassador-to-iran-for-first-time
  8. ^ "Yemen's Houthis hold boycotted talks with single party". www.aljazeera.com.
  9. ^ "Houthis set deadline to resolve Yemen crisis". Al Jazeera. 1 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  10. ^ "Yemeni Parties Agree To Form Presidential Council Despite Missing Deadline: Report". 5 February 2015.
  11. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/02/06/houthis-yemen-takeover_n_6630070.html
  12. ^ Nordland, Rod; Almosawa, Shuaib (10 February 2015). "U.S. Embassy Shuts in Yemen, Even as Militant Leader Reaches Out" – via NYTimes.com.
  13. ^ "Yemen rebels form rival government". Archived from the original on 2016-10-05.
  14. ^ "Yemen rebels form rival government".
  15. ^ "UN rejects Yemen rebels' bid to form government". Gulf News. 5 October 2016.
  16. ^ "Saba Net - Yemen news agency".
  17. ^ "PressTV-New Yemen government criticized by UN".

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