The image is from Wikipedia Commons
|Location||Fiordland, New Zealand,|
|Total height||581 m|
|Number of drops||3|
|Longest drop||248 m|
Sutherland Falls is a waterfall near Milford Sound in New Zealand's South Island. At 580 metres (1,904 feet) the falls were long believed to be the tallest waterfall in New Zealand. Terror Falls, in the Poseidon Valley (nearby), are 750m, and Browne Falls cascades 843 metres (2,766 feet) down a mountainside in Doubtful Sound, leading some to view that as the tallest.
The water falls from Lake Quill in three cascades: the upper is 229 m tall, the middle is 248 m, and the lower is 103 m tall. A vertical fall of 580 m is made over 480 m of horizontal distance, thus the mean grade of falls is approximately 56 degrees.
Sutherland Falls was first known to Europeans when a Scottish settler, Sutherland, saw them in 1880. He initially claimed the falls were over 1,000 m (3,300 ft) tall, which would have made them the highest in the world by far. Later surveys showed that this claim was significantly inflated, and they have been confirmed to actually be 580 m (1,900 ft) tall.
Lake Quill, which forms the source of the falls, was named for the first European explorer who climbed up the cliff face to find it in 1890.
- Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. pp. 363. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
- Jock Phillips. Waterfalls – A land of waterfalls, Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, Ministry for Culture and Heritage. ISBN 978-0-478-18451-8. Updated 1 March 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
- Milford Track – Track description, New Zealand Department of Conservation. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
- Parham, W. T. "Sutherland, Donald". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
- "The Sutherland Falls". Poverty Bay Herald. 15 May 1907. p. 2. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
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